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Last updated August 5, 2014

 

Early Mars Reference Library

To keep the Early Mars community informed of the latest research (dealing with the geology, hydrology, atmosphere, climate and possible origin of life on Early Mars) we are compiling an online Library that includes citation information, links to the abstract and paper on the journal website, and (when available) a link to a pdf of the paper on the journal or author's personal website. In the near future, we will be adding an author, subject, and publication date search function to improve the utility of the Library for research.

 

Contributions to the Early Mars Reference Library should have the following format:

 

Forget, F., R. Wordsworth, E. Millour, J.-B. Madeleine, L. Kerber, J. Leconte, E. Marcq, and R. M. Haberle. 3D modelling of the early martian climate under a denser CO2 atmosphere: Temperatures and CO2 ice clouds. Icarus, 222:81-99, 2013. DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2012.10.019 [Abstract | PDF]

Where the Abstract is the link to the abstract on the journal webpage and PDF is the URL to a pdf of your paper. IMPORTANT: Please do not send us a pdf of your paper for posting — only the URL of your paper on your own personal website or on the journal website.

 

The Library will be updated on a monthly basis with any new contributions, received during the previous month, highlighted in a special section at the beginning of the bibliography.

 

Latest additions to the library:

Marlow, J. J., LaRowe, D. E., Ehlmann, B. L., Amend, J. P., & Orphan, V. J. (2014). The Potential for Biologically Catalyzed Anaerobic Methane Oxidation on Ancient Mars. Astrobiology, 14(4), 292-307. [Abstract | PDF]

 

Roberts, J. H. and J. Arkani-Hamed. Impact heating and coupled core cooling and mantle dynamics on Mars, J. Geophys. Res. 119:729-744, 2014. DOI:10.1002/2013JE004603. [Abstract | PDF]

 

Roberts, J. H. and J. Arkani-Hamed. Impact-induced mantle dynamics on Mars, Icarus, 218:278-289, 2012. DOI:10.1016/j.icarus.2011.11.038. [AbstractPDF]

 

Roberts, J. H., R. J. Lillis, and M. Manga. Giant impacts on early Mars and the cessation of the Martian dynamo, J. Geophys. Res., 114:E04009, 2009. DOI:10.1029/2008JE003287. [Abstract | PDF]

 

Roberts, J. H. and S. Zhong, The cause for the north-south orientation of the crustal dichotomy and the near-equatorial location of Tharsis on Mars, Icarus, 190:24-31, 2007. DOI:10.1016/j.icarus.2007.03.002. [Abstract | PDF]    

 

Roberts, J. H. and S. Zhong. Degree-1 convection in the Martian mantle and the origin of the hemispheric dichotomy, J. Geophys. Res., 111:E06013, 2006. DOI:10.1029/2005JE002668. [Abstract | PDF]

 

Roberts, J. H. and S. Zhong. Plume-induced topography and geoid anomalies and their implications for the Tharsis rise, J. Geophys. Res., 109:E03009, 2004. DOI:10.1029/2003JE002226. [Abstract | PDF]

 

Ruiz, J. (2014). The early heat loss evolution of Mars and their implications for internal and environmental history. Scientific Reports, 4, 4338; DOI:10.1038/srep04338 (2014). [PDF]

 

Tanaka, K. L., J. A. Skinner, Jr., J. M. Dohm, R. P. Irwin, III, E. J. Kolb, C. M. Fortezzo, T. Platz, G. G. Michael, and T. M. Hare, (2014) Geologic Map of Mars, Scientific Investigations Map 3292. [PDF]


Tomkinson, T., M. R., Lee,  D. F., Mark and C. L. Smith, Sequestration of Martian CO2 by mineral carbonation, Nature Communications, 4:2662,2013 DOI:10.1038/ncomms3662.  [Abstract | PDF]

Full Reference Library:

Abramov, O., and D. A. Kring (2005), Impact-induced hydrothermal activity on early Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S09, doi:10.1029/2005JE002453. [Abstract | PDF(1509K)]

 

Ansan, V., and N. Mangold (2013), 3D morphometry of valley networks on Mars from HRSC/MEX DEMs: Implications for climatic evolution through time, J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 118, 1873–1894, doi:10.1002/jgre.20117. [Abstract | PDF(12564K)]

 

Bishop, J. L., H. Fröschl, and R. L. Mancinelli (1998), Alteration processes in volcanic soils and identification of exobiologically important weathering products on Mars using remote sensing, J. Geophys. Res., 103(E13), 31457–31476, doi:10.1029/1998JE900008. [Abstract | PDF(2356K)]

 

Blackhurst, R. L., M. J. Genge, A. T. Kearsley, and M. M. Grady (2005), Cryptoendolithic alteration of Antarctic sandstones: Pioneers or opportunists?, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S24, doi:10.1029/2005JE002463. [Abstract | PDF(1470K)]

 

Borg, L., and M. J. Drake (2005), A review of meteorite evidence for the timing of magmatism and of surface or near-surface liquid water on Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S03, doi:10.1029/2005JE002402. [Abstract | PDF(523K)]

 

Carruthers, M. W., and G. E. McGill (1998), Evidence for igneous activity and implications for the origin of a fretted channel in southern Ismenius Lacus, Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 103(E13), 31433–31443, doi:10.1029/98JE02494. [Abstract | PDF(1756K)]

 

Chassefière, E., B. Langlais, Y. Quesnel, and F. Leblanc (2013), The fate of early Mars' lost water: The role of serpentinization, J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 118, 1123–1134, doi:10.1002/jgre.20089. [Abstract | PDF(584K)]

 

Clifford, S. M. (1993),  A model for the hydrologic and climatic behavior of water on Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 98(E6), 10973–11016, doi:10.1029/93JE00225. [Abstract | PDF(5011K)]

 

Clifford, S. M. and T. J. Parker (2001), The Evolution of the Martian Hydrosphere: Implications for the Fate of a Primordial Ocean and the Current State of the Northern Plains, Icarus, 154, 40-79, ISSN 0019-1035, [Abstract | PDF]

 

Clifford, S., A. Treiman, H. Newsom, and J. Farmer (1998), Introduction to special section: Early Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 103(E13), 31405–31405, doi:10.1029/98JE01896. [Abstract | PDF(63K)]

 

Coleman, N. M. (2005a), Martian megaflood-triggered chaos formation, revealing groundwater depth, cryosphere thickness, and crustal heat flux, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S20, doi:10.1029/2005JE002419. [Abstract | PDF(592K)]

 

Coleman, N. M. (2005b), Correction to “Martian megaflood-triggered chaos formation, revealing groundwater depth, cryosphere thickness, and crustal heat flux”, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S90, doi:10.1029/2005JE002606. [Abstract | PDF]

 

Crown, D. A., L. F. Bleamaster III and S. C. Mest (2006), Styles and timing of volatile-driven activity in the eastern Hellas region of Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S22, doi:10.1029/2005JE002496. [Abstract | PDF(1339K)]

 

de Villiers, G., M. G. Kleinhans, and G. Postma (2013), Experimental delta formation in crater lakes and implications for interpretation of Martian deltas, J. Geophys. Res. Planets 118, 651–670, doi:.10.1002/jgre.20069. [Abstract | PDF(2555K)]

 

Dunlop, D. J., and J. Arkani-Hamed (2005), Magnetic minerals in the Martian crust, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S04, doi:10.1029/2005JE002404. [Abstract | PDF(416K)]

 

Elkins-Tanton, L. T., P. C. Hess, and E. M. Parmentier (2005), Possible formation of ancient crust on Mars through magma ocean processes, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S01, doi:10.1029/2005JE002480. [Abstract | PDF(612K)]

 

Forsythe, R. D., and C. R. Blackwelder (1998), Closed drainage crater basins of the Martian highlands: Constraints on the early Martian hydrologic cycle, J. Geophys. Res., 103(E13), 31421–31431, doi:10.1029/98JE01966. [Abstract | PDF(1637K)]

 

Frey, H. V. (2006), Impact constraints on, and a chronology for, major events in early Mars history, J. Geophys. Res., 111, E08S91, doi:10.1029/2005JE002449. [Abstract | PDF(11012K)]

 

Golden, D. C., D. W. Ming, R. V. Morris, and S. A. Mertzman (2005), Laboratory-simulated acid-sulfate weathering of basaltic materials: Implications for formation of sulfates at Meridiani Planum and Gusev crater, Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S07, doi:10.1029/2005JE002451. [Abstract | PDF(735K)]

 

Guest, A. and Smrekar, S. E. (2006), Relaxation of the Martian dichotomy boundary: Faulting in the Ismenius Region and constraints on the early evolution of Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S25, doi:10.1029/2005JE002504. [Abstract | PDF(2530K)]

 

Harrison, K. P., and R. E. Grimm (2005), Groundwater-controlled valley networks and the decline of surface runoff on early Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S16, doi:10.1029/2005JE002455. [Abstract | PDF(994K)]

 

Hauber, E., T. Platz, D. Reiss, L. Le Deit, M. G. Kleinhans, W. A. Marra, T. de Haas, and P. Carbonneau (2013), Asynchronous formation of Hesperian and Amazonian-aged deltas on Mars and implications for climate, J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 118, 1529–1544, doi:10.1002/jgre.20107.[ Abstract | PDF(3100K)]

 

Howard, A. D., J. M. Moore, and R. P. Irwin III (2005), An intense terminal epoch of widespread fluvial activity on early Mars: 1. Valley network incision and associated deposits, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S14, doi:10.1029/2005JE002459. [Abstract | PDF(1728K)]

 

Hynek, B. M., T. M. McCollom, E. C. Marcucci, K. Brugman, and K. L. Rogers (2013), Assessment of environmental controls on acid-sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars, J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 118, 2083–2104, doi:10.1002/jgre.20140. [Abstract | PDF(4557K)]

 

Irwin, R. P., III, A. D. Howard, R. A. Craddock, and J. M. Moore (2005), An intense terminal epoch of widespread fluvial activity on early Mars: 2. Increased runoff and paleolake development, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S15, doi:10.1029/2005JE002460. [Abstract | PDF(3121K)]

 

Irwin, R. P., III, K. L. Tanaka, and S. J. Robbins (2013), Distribution of Early, Middle, and Late Noachian cratered surfaces in the Martian highlands: Implications for resurfacing events and processes, J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 118, 278–291, doi:10.1002/jgre.20053. [Abstract | PDF(2824K)]

 

Ivanov, M. A., J. Korteniemi, V.-P. Kostama, M. Aittola, J. Raitala, M. Glamoclija, L. Marinangeli, and G. Neukum (2005), Major episodes of the hydrologic history in the region of Hesperia Planum, Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S21, doi:10.1029/2005JE002420. [Abstract | PDF(2990K)]

 

Kahre, M. A., S. K. Vines, R. M. Haberle, and J. L. Hollingsworth (2013), The early Martian atmosphere: Investigating the role of the dust cycle in the possible maintenance of two stable climate states, J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 118, 1388–1396, doi:10.1002/jgre.20099. [Abstract | PDF(428K)]

 

Kereszturi, A. (2005), Cross-sectional and longitudinal profiles of valleys and channels in Xanthe Terra on Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S17, doi:10.1029/2005JE002454. [Abstract | PDF(784K)]

 

King, P. L. and H. Y. McSween Jr. (2006), Effects of H2O, pH, and oxidation state on the stability of Fe minerals on Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S10, doi:10.1029/2005JE002482. [Abstract | PDF(1797K)]

 

Kite, E.S., I. Halevy, M. A. Kahre, M. Manga, and M. Wolff (2013), Seasonal melting and the formation of sedimentary rocks on Mars, Icarus, 223:181-210, 2013. DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2012.11.034 [Abstract | PDF]

 

Kite, E. S., J.-P. Williams, A. Lucas, and O. Aharonson, Low palaeopressure of the martian atmosphere estimated from the size distribution of ancient craters, Nature Geoscience 7, 335–339, 2014, doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2137. [Abstract]

 

Kite, E.S., A. Lucas, and C.I. Fassett (2013), Pacing Early Mars river activity: Embedded craters in the Aeolis Dorsa region imply river activity spanned > (1-20) Myr, Icarus, 225:850-855, 2013. DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2013.03.029 [Abstract | PDF]

 

Kite, E.S., T. I. Michaels, S. C. R. Rafkin, M. Manga, and W. E. Dietrich (2011a), Localized precipitation and runoff  on Mars, J. Geophys. Res. - Planets, 116, E07002, DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003783. [Abstract | PDF]

 

Kite, E.S., S. C. R. Rafkin, T. I. Michaels, W. E. Dietrich, and M. Manga (2011b), Chaos terrain, storms, and past climate on Mars, J. Geophys. Res.-Planets, 116, E10002, 2011. DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003792. [Abstract | PDF]


Korteniemi, J., V.-P. Kostama, T. To¨rma¨nen, M. Aittola, T. O¨ hman, H. Lahtela, J. Raitala, and G. Neukum (2005), Complex geology of two large impact craters in Tyrrhena Terra, Mars: Detailed analysis using MEX HRSC camera data, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S18, doi:10.1029/2005JE002427. [Abstract | PDF(2569K)]

 

Le Deit, L., E. Hauber, F. Fueten, M. Pondrelli, A. P. Rossi, and R. Jaumann (2013), Sequence of infilling events in Gale Crater, Mars: Results from morphology, stratigraphy, and mineralogy, J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 118, 2439–2473, doi:10.1002/2012JE004322. [Abstract | PDF(8832K)]

 

Lillis, R. J., S. Robbins, M. Manga, J. S. Halekas, and H. V. Frey (2013), Time history of the Martian dynamo from crater magnetic field analysis, J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 118, 1488–1511, doi:10.1002/jgre.20105. [Abstract | PDF(25178K)]

 

Luo, W., and A. D. Howard (2005), Morphometric analysis of Martian valley network basins using a circularity function, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S13, doi:10.1029/2005JE002506. [Abstract | PDF(2883K)]

 

Manga, M., A. Patel, J., Dufek, and E. S. Kite (2012), Wet surface and dense atmosphere on early Mars inferred from the bomb sag at Home Plate, Mars, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39:L01202, doi:10.1029/2011GL050192. [Abstract | PDF]

 

Mangold, N., E. S. Kite, M. Kleinhans, H. E. Newsom, V. Ansan, E. Hauber, E. Kraal, C. Quantin-Nataf, and K. Tanaka (2012), The origin and timing of fluvial activity at Eberswalde Crater, Mars, Icarus, 220, 530-551, 2012. DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2012.05.026 [Abstract | PDF]

 

Marlow, J. J., LaRowe, D. E., Ehlmann, B. L., Amend, J. P., & Orphan, V. J. (2014). The Potential for Biologically Catalyzed Anaerobic Methane Oxidation on Ancient Mars. Astrobiology, 14(4), 292-307. [Abstract | PDF]


Mathew, K. J., and K. Marti (2005), Evolutionary trends in volatiles of the nakhlite source region of Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S05, doi:10.1029/2005JE002466. [Abstract | PDF(250K)]

 

McCollom, T. M., B. M. Hynek, K. Rogers, B. Moskowitz, and T. S. Berquó (2013), Chemical and mineralogical trends during acid-sulfate alteration of pyroclastic basalt at Cerro Negro volcano and implications for early Mars, J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 118, 1719–1751, doi:10.1002/jgre.20114. [Abstract | PDF(9652K)]

 

Michalski, J. R. and J. E. Bleacher, Supervolcanoes within an ancient volcanic province in Arabia Terra, Mars, Nature 502, 47–52, 2013,  doi:10.1038/nature12482. [Abstract | PDF]

 

Nyquist, L. E., L. E. Borg, and C.-Y. Shih (1998), The Shergottite age paradox and the relative probabilities for Martian meteorites of differing ages, J. Geophys. Res., 103(E13), 31445–31455, doi:10.1029/98JE01965. [Abstract | PDF(1525K)]

 

Pérez-de-Tejada, H. (1998), Momentum transport in the solar wind erosion of the Mars ionosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 103(E13), 31499–31508, doi:10.1029/1998JE900001. [Abstract | PDF(995K)]

 

Quantin, C., P. Allemand, N. Mangold, G. Dromart, and C. Delacourt (2005), Fluvial and lacustrine activity on layered deposits in Melas Chasma, Valles Marineris, Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S19, doi:10.1029/2005JE002440. [Abstract | PDF(1549K)]

 

Rai, N., and W. van Westrenen (2013), Core-mantle differentiation in Mars, J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 118, 1195–1203, doi:10.1002/jgre.20093. [Abstract | PDF(741K)]

 

Ramirez, R. M., R. Kopparapu, M. E. Zugger, T. D. Robinson, R. Freedman, and J. F. Kasting, Warming early Mars with CO2 and H2, Nature Geoscience 7, 59–63, 2014, doi:10.1038/ngeo2000.[ Abstract]

 

Rao, M. N., S. R. Sutton, D. S. McKay, and G. Dreibus (2005), Clues to Martian brines based on halogens in salts from nakhlites and MER samples, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S06, doi:10.1029/2005JE002470. [Abstract | PDF(334K)]

 

Roberts, J. H. and J. Arkani-Hamed. Impact heating and coupled core cooling and mantle dynamics on Mars, J. Geophys. Res. 119:729-744, 2014. DOI:10.1002/2013JE004603. [Abstract | PDF]

 

Roberts, J. H. and J. Arkani-Hamed. Impact-induced mantle dynamics on Mars, Icarus, 218:278-289, 2012. DOI:10.1016/j.icarus.2011.11.038. [AbstractPDF]

 

Roberts, J. H., R. J. Lillis, and M. Manga. Giant impacts on early Mars and the cessation of the Martian dynamo, J. Geophys. Res., 114:E04009, 2009. DOI:10.1029/2008JE003287. [Abstract | PDF]

 

Roberts, J. H. and S. Zhong, The cause for the north-south orientation of the crustal dichotomy and the near-equatorial location of Tharsis on Mars, Icarus, 190:24-31, 2007. DOI:10.1016/j.icarus.2007.03.002. [Abstract | PDF]    

 

Roberts, J. H. and S. Zhong. Degree-1 convection in the Martian mantle and the origin of the hemispheric dichotomy, J. Geophys. Res., 111:E06013, 2006. DOI:10.1029/2005JE002668. [Abstract | PDF]

 

Roberts, J. H. and S. Zhong. Plume-induced topography and geoid anomalies and their implications for the Tharsis rise, J. Geophys. Res., 109:E03009, 2004. DOI:10.1029/2003JE002226. [Abstract | PDF]

 

Rogers, A. D., and A. H. Nazarian (2013), Evidence for Noachian flood volcanism in Noachis Terra, Mars, and the possible role of Hellas impact basin tectonics, J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 118, 1094–1113, doi:10.1002/jgre.20083. [Abstract | PDF(8124K)]

 

Ruiz, J. (2014). The early heat loss evolution of Mars and their implications for internal and environmental history. Scientific Reports, 4, 4338; DOI:10.1038/srep04338 (2014). [PDF]

 

Schulze-Makuch, D., L. N. Irwin, J. H. Lipps, D. LeMone, J. M. Dohm, and A. G. Faire´n (2005), Scenarios for the evolution of life on Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S23, doi:10.1029/2005JE002430. [Abstract | PDF(252K)]

 

Sinha, R. K., and S. V. S. Murty (2013), Geomorphic signatures of glacial activity in the Alba Patera volcanic province: Implications for recent frost accumulation on Mars, J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 118, 1609–1631, doi:10.1002/jgre.20113. [Abstract | PDF(5049K)]

 

Stepinski, T. F., and A. P. Stepinski (2005), Morphology of drainage basins as an indicator of climate on early Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S12, doi:10.1029/2005JE002448. [Abstract | PDF(719K)]

 

Tanaka, K. L., J. M. Dohm, J. H. Lias, and T. M. Hare (1998), Erosional valleys in the Thaumasia region of Mars: Hydrothermal and seismic origins, J. Geophys. Res., 103(E13), 31407–31419, doi:10.1029/98JE01599. [Abstract | PDF(1614K)]

 

Tanaka, K. L., J. A. Skinner, Jr., J. M. Dohm, R. P. Irwin, III, E. J. Kolb, C. M. Fortezzo, T. Platz, G. G. Michael, and T. M. Hare, (2014) Geologic Map of Mars, Scientific Investigations Map 3292. [PDF]

 

Tokano, T., and D. L. Bish (2005), Hydration state and abundance of zeolites on Mars and the water cycle, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S08, doi:10.1029/2005JE002410. [Abstract | PDF(1386K)]

 

Tornabene, L. L., G. R. Osinski, A. S. McEwen, J. J. Wray, M. A. Craig, H. M. Sapers, and P. R. Christensen (2013), An impact origin for hydrated silicates on Mars: A synthesis, J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 118, 994–1012, doi:10.1002/jgre.20082. [Abstract |  PDF(5713K)]

 

Tomkinson, T., M. R., Lee,  D. F., Mark and C. L. Smith, Sequestration of Martian CO2 by mineral carbonation, Nature Communications, 4:2662,2013 DOI:10.1038/ncomms3662.  [Abstract | PDF]

 

Vaniman, D., D. Bish, D. Blake, S. T. Elliott, P. Sarrazin, S. A. Collins, and S. Chipera (1998), Landed XRD/XRF analysis of prime targets in the search for past or present Martian life, J. Geophys. Res., 103(E13), 31477–31489, doi:10.1029/98JE01428. [Abstract | PDF(1611K)]

 

Zent, A. P. (1998), On the thickness of the oxidized layer of the Martian regolith, J. Geophys. Res., 103(E13), 31491–31498, doi:10.1029/98JE01895. [Abstract | PDF(1097K)]