Lunar and Planetary Institute

Scratching the Surface Setting the Scene

Scratching the Surface - Setting the Scene

Correlations to National Science Standards

Grades K–4
Science as Inquiry Content Standard A
Understanding About Scientific Inquiry

  • Scientists use different kinds of investigations depending on the questions they are trying to answer. Types of investigations include describing objects, events, and organisms; classifying them; and doing a fair test (experimenting).

Earth and Space Science Content Standard D
Changes in the Earth and Sky

  • The surface of the Earth changes. Some changes are due to slow processes, such as erosion and weathering, and some changes are due to rapid processes, such as landslides, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes.

Science and Technology Content Standard E
Understanding About Science and Technology

  • People have always had questions about their world. Science is one way of answering questions and explaining the natural world.
    Scientists and engineers often work in teams with different individuals doing different things that contribute to the results.

Grades 5–8
Science as Inquiry Content Standard A
Abilities Necessary to Do Scientific Inquiry

  • Different kinds of questions suggest different kinds of scientific investigations. Some investigations involve observing and describing objects, organisms, or events; some involve collecting specimens; some involve experiments; some involve seeking more information; some involve discovery of new objects and phenomena; and some involve making models.

Earth and Space ScienceContent Standard D
Structure of the Earth System

  • Land forms are the result of a combination of constructive and destructive forces. Constructive forces include crustal deformation, volcanic eruption, and deposition of sediment, while destructive forces include weathering and erosion.
  • Water covers the majority of the earth's surface.

Last updated
October 2, 2009

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