Lunar and Planetary Institute






Clouds
EXPLORE! Solar System

Weather Stations: Clouds

Correlations to National Science Education Standards

Grades K-4
Physical Science – C
ontent Standard B
Properties of Objects and Materials

  • Objects have many observable properties, including size, weight, shape, color, temperature, and the ability to react with other substances. Those properties can be measured using tools, such as rulers, balances, and thermometers.
  • Materials can exist in different states — solid, liquid, and gas. Some common materials, such as water, can be changed from one state to another by heating or cooling. 

Earth and Space ScienceContent Standard D
Objects in the Sky

  • The Sun, Moon, stars, clouds, birds, and airplanes all have properties, locations, and movements that can be observed and described.

Changes in the Earth and Sky

  • Weather changes from day to day and over the seasons. Weather can be described by measurable quantities, such as temperature, wind direction and speed, and precipitation.

Grades 5-8

Earth and Space ScienceContent Standard D
Structure of the Earth System

  • Water, which covers the majority of Earth's surface, circulates through the crust, oceans, and atmosphere in what is known as the "water cycle." Water evaporates from Earth's surface, rises and cools as it moves to higher elevations, condenses as rain or snow, and falls to the surface where it collects in lakes, oceans, soil, and in rocks underground.
  • The atmosphere is a mixture of nitrogen, oxygen, and trace gases that include water vapor. The atmosphere has different properties at different elevations. 
  • Clouds, formed by the condensation of water vapor, affect weather and climate.

 

 

Back to top