Lunar and Planetary Institute

Space Radiation - UV Man and UV Man in Space Standards
EXPLORE! Health in Space

Space Radiation - UV Man

Correlation to Standards

Next Generation Science Standards

Performance Expectations

3-5-ETS1-3.  Engineering Design.  Plan and carry out fair tests in which variables are controlled and failure points are considered to identify aspects of a model or prototype that can be improved.
4-PS3-2.  Energy.  Make observations to provide evidence that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents.

Disciplinary Core Ideas

ETS1.A:  Defining and Delimiting Engineering Problems

ETS1.B:  Developing Possible Solutions

ETS1.C:  Optimizing the Design Solution

PS4.B:  Electromagnetic Radiation

  • When light shines on an object, it is reflected, absorbed, or transmitted through the object, depending on the object’s material and the frequency (color) of the light. 
  • •When light or longer wavelength electromagnetic radiation is absorbed in matter, it is generally converted into thermal energy (heat). Shorter wavelength electromagnetic radiation (UV, X-rays, gamma rays) can ionize atoms and cause damage to living cells.

PS3.B:  Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer

Crosscutting Concepts

Energy and Matter

  • Energy can be transferred in various ways and between objects.
  • Energy may take different forms (e.g., energy in fields, thermal energy, energy of motion).

Nature of Science:  Scientific Investigations Use a Variety of Methods

  • Science investigations use a variety of methods and tools to make measurements and observations.

Science and Engineering Practices

Asking Questions and Defining Problems

Planning and Carrying Out Investigations

Science and Engineering Practices:  Analyzing and Interpreting Data

  • Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence for phenomena.
  • Analyze and interpret data to determine similarities and differences in findings.
  • Analyze data using tools, technologies, and/or models (e.g., computational, mathematical) in order to make valid and reliable scientific claims or determine an optimal design solution.

Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions

Design or refine a solution to a complex real-world problem, based on scientific knowledge, student-generated sources of evidence, prioritized criteria, and tradeoff considerations.

Excerpted from NGSS Lead States. 2013. Next Generation Science Standards: For States, By States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.


Last updated
January 16, 2015

Back to top