Lunar and Planetary Institute

Workshop on The Heat From Within: Planetary Insights Into Planetary Volcanism   July 12-19, 2009   Eugene, Oregon

Additional Resources


About Our Locations

Newberry National Volcanic Monument - Forest Service Site -
USGS links to presentations of geologic activity, history, features and maps. Well worth spending some time on the links offered.

Crater Lake National Park - USGS links to presentations of geologic activity, history, features and maps. Well worth spending some time on the links offered.

Crater Lake Institute
Great online library and resources, including information about the natural resources (geology, animals, night sky, etc.), cultural history, research, and arts.

Panoramic Aerial Maps of the American West … Just for fun. - Bend Oregon - Crater Lake - Eugene

Department of Geology and Mineral Resources of Oregon
Neat interactive map of Oregon with geologic regions.

Volcanism and Volcanos on Earth

Volcano Information and Glossary
Great photo dictionary of volcanic terms, including rocks, structures, and more.

Cascades Volcano Observatory (USGS)
Get News and current events, status of volcanos in the range, accesses to photos, maps, eruptive histories, latest hazards assessments, FAQ’s, activities, teacher packets, and links, living with volcanos, and how to plan a visit to a volcano. Great pictures. Especially good stuff about the Cascades and Mt. St Helens.
Cascades Volcano Observatory education and outreach resources. Neat stuff - videos, slide sets, virtual tours of volcanos, some activities.

Volcano World
Volcano World shares real time volcano information in an understandable way. Includes a glossary, lessons, movies of eruptions, updates on volcanic eruptions, and volcano legends and lore. Check out Mt. St. Helens information and movies.

Cool Educator Resources -
Lesson Plans -
Volcano Demos -
Mount St. Helens, Living Laboratory Curriculum -

Types of Volcanos (Treiman, LPI)
There are three types of volcanos, right? Learn why this well known “fact” is incorrect!

Out of the Inferno
Part of the PBS series, Savage Earth, this site provides background information, video, and animations of volcanos, including a discussion of volcanos on other planets.

United States Geologic Survey Sites

Volcano Observatories (USGS)
Updates on US volcanos, real-time monitoring, eruption histories, images, educational materials and more. - Alaska Volcano Observatory - Anatahan Volcano -
Northern Mariana Islands -
Long Valley Observatory -
Yellowstone Volcano Observatory -
Hawaii Volcano Observatory - Volcano Hazards Program - Photo glossary of volcanic terms - Monitoring Active Volcanoes – online book - Volcanoes of the United States  – online book -
Eruptions of Hawaiian Volcanoes – online book - Eruptions of Mt. St. Helens: Past, Present, and Future – online book

Volcanoes (Bob Tilling, USGS)
This online book presents a summary of the nature, workings, products, and hazards of the common types of volcanos around the world and a brief introduction to volcano monitoring and research.

3D Geology of the National Parks
Several volcanos found in National Parks are presented in 3D.

Smithsonian Global Volcanism Program
This program maintains a database of all known global volcanic activity over the last 10,000 years, and is building a petrologic database for volcanic materials.  Accessed by geographic region through interactive maps.

Satellite Images of Volcanos
NASA satellite images and discussion of images

Earth Wall / Earth Bulletin (American Museum of Natural History)
Track current Earth events, including volcanic activity on the Earth Wall (look for “Earth Snapshot”).

Virtually Hawaii - A Virtual Field Trip
Virtual interactive  field trips are offered to the Big Island, as well as to Oahu, Maui, Molokai, and Kauai. Fun; a neat twist.

Volcanoes – Can we predict volcanic eruptions? (Annenberg Corporation)
Good pictures, simple text, nicely presented, many topics. These are not in depth. Great kids overview with connections to "more Info" Good interactives on raising and lowering the temperature for melting rocks. Good for middle school students.

How Volcanoes Work

This site describes the science behind volcanos and volcanic processes … and the three types of volcanos (with a few other subordinate types).

Google Earth
Google Earth is a great way to zoom in on volcanic features as seen from satellite. Software must be downloaded, but it is free.

Volcanos in the Solar System

Volcanos in the Solar System
Nice overview of activity on other planets and moons.

Google Mars

Google Mars. Zoom to the surface of Mars and look at flood and flow features using the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter data.  Nice, fast, interactive.

Explore the Surface of Mars
Great image gallery of volcanic features on the surface of Mars, taken by THEMIS, the Thermal Emission Imaging System aboard the Mars Odyssey Spacecraft.






Plate Tectonics

This Dynamic Earth (Jacquelyne Kious and Robert Tilling, USGS)
Good online overview of plate tectonics, history, and people involved in the process.  Goes into moderate detail of processes for older students.

Igneous Rocks
Igneous rocks! The site presents complex information in an interesting and understandable manner – at a variety of levels.
Cal Poly-Pomona offers a moderately in-depth discussion of igneous rocks, minerals, textures, and classifications. Well presented and illustrated. Adult.

Classroom Activities

Discovering Plate Boundaries
Excellent inquiry based activity through which students in upper elementary through college can make observations about the patterns of features on Earth’s surface – and draw conclusions about Earth’s tectonic plates.

Exploring Planets in the Classroom - Hands-on Activities
This site contains over 25 hands-on activity lesson plans for educators. The materials are vetted by space scientists and span topics from general solar system to volcanology to Mars and the Moon.

Cake Batter Lava
Students use cake batter to understand how different lavas flow and the structures that are created.

Gelatin Volcanos

Jell-O is used to explore how lava flows in a volcano.

Destination Mars

Geologic Sequencing of Craters and Channesl

Students apply the laws of stratigraphy to unravel the relative ages of features on Mars.

Making and Mapping a Volcano
After having vinegar/baking soda eruptions, students use Play-Doh to mark where the lava flowed.  In teams they examine the stratigraphy and map the flows.

Explore! Mars – Inside and Out
Explore! Mars – Inside and Out is a hands-on, standards based activity module from the Lunar and Planetary Institute in which children ages 8-13 examine the surface features of Mars and Earth and infer what they tell us about the interiors of the two planets.

ALTA II Hand-Held Reflectance Spectrometer for the Classroom
The ALTA is a rugged, simple classroom instrument designed to help students in grades 5 to undergraduate learn about light, color, and spectroscopy. Using the spectrometer, students can collect data reflected from rocks, minerals, and other materials in specific wavelengths of the visible to infrared electromagnetic spectrum. Lesson plans are included. ALTA’s can be borrowed from the Lunar and Planetary Institute ( and

Moon Mineralogy Mapper Education Web site
A suite of hands-on inquiry based activities engage middle-school students in understanding and interpreting reflectance spectra from Earth and Moon rocks. These activities are part of a suite of educational resources that investigate the geologic history of our Moon, the Chandrayaan-1 Mission, spectrometry, and future lunar exploration.

Rock Around the World
Send a rock for spectral analysis! Scientists studying Mars are collecting spectra from Earth rocks so that they can compare the spectral data collected by Martian spacecraft.

Mars Student Imaging Project
Mars Student Imaging Project has student teams getting  involved in authentic Mars research. Students work  with scientists, mission planners and educators to  select sites and collect images with the  THEMIS  visible wavelength camera onboard the Mars Odyssey spacecraft.

Exploring Meteorite Mysteries

Exploring the Moon

Exploring the Environment (ETE) (NASA The Classroom of the Future)
This Web-based learning module is password protected - but it is easy to get a password - anticipate ~ 1 week. Nicely done background and activities about Mt Hood, Pompeii, hazards, Yellowstone, etc. Teacher background, activities for middle to high school students.

Volcanoes! (USGS)

Students in grades 4-8 learn about volcanos and the hazards they pose in six modules.  Nice classroom exploration.  Teachers guides, student sheets, and paths for additional exploration are available.

Volcanic crisis in the Classroom
Geologists at Colgate University have designed a multi-week, cooperative learning activity for introductory, undergraduate volcanology classes that culminates in the simulation of a volcanic monitoring crisis.

Ice Volcanos of Lake Superior

Mud Volcanos of Trinidad volcanoes.htm

How to Cook with Lava
Do not try this in your backyard.

And Some “Just Plain Good All-Around Sites”

Us, of course! - Lunar and Planetary Institute
Explore Mars and the Moon, find classroom resources and activities, and learn about opportunities – like the one you are having!)  to get involved in space science.

Evolution of the Solar System Time Line

Scroll through 4.56 billion years of our Solar System’s history. Brief text descriptions of the main events on the evolution of the Solar System and Earth, accompanied by lovely images, even if we do say so ourselves.

Views of the Solar System

Calvin J. Hamilton offers solid introductory content about the Solar System including images, movies, animations, and illustrations. The site is best for young adults and adults.

The Nine Planets

Bill Arnett's "Nine Planets" series contains detailed and consistently updated information on the objects in our Solar System, including a multimedia tour of our solar system, information about planets, moons, asteroids, comets, the Kuiper belt, and the Oort cloud that is most appropriate for young adults and adults. Each component has an overview of scientific information, and is accompanied by images, animations, and links.

NASA’s Solar System Exploration Forum

Provides the latest on missions (past/present/future) with images and releases, as well as up-to-date background information about our planetary bodies and moons. The education link includes materials, lesson plans, and resources for children and educators.

The Planetary Photojournal
Provides excellent images of the bodies of our Solar System. This site is suitable for children 11 and up and is easy to navigate.

Bad Astronomy
Phil Plait’s knowledgeable take on common misconceptions in astronomy and space science – and at the movies. Lots of fun.  Informative.  Helps educators tackle misconceptions directly. High school to adult.

Bad Science Jokes
Does an excellent student of volcanology graduate magma cum laude? … They get worse….

Books, Articles, Videos

Volcanic Worlds: Exploring the Solar System Volcanoes, Edited by Rosaly M.C. Lopes and Tracy Gregg, 2004, Springer-Praxis Publisher.  Written by active volcanologists (all female!), this book provides an overview of volcanism across our solar system – and how scientists conduct volcanic research on Earth and other planets - for the science-enthusiastic public. 

Roadside Geology of Oregon by David Alt, and Donald W. Hyndman, 1978, Mountain Press, Missoula, Montana.

In Search of Ancient Oregon: A Geological and Natural History by Ellen Morris Bishop, 2003, Timber Press, Inc.,  ISBN: 088192590X.

Northwest Exposures: A Geologic Story of the Northwest by David Alt and Donald W. Hyndman, 1995, Mountain Press, Missoula, Montana.

Planetary Science Research Discoveries
Articles written for the interested and science-savvy layperson about recent findings in planetary science. Check out the archived Mars and Life on Mars articles.

Living with Volcanic Risk in the Cascades
Dan Dzurisin, U.S, Geological Survey, March 2008

Mount Hood – History and Hazards of Oregon’s Most Recently Active Volcano
Cynthia Gardner, U.S, Geological Survey, August 2000

What are Volcano Hazards?
Bobbie Myers, U.S, Geological Survey, July 2004

Oregon’s Active Volcanoes, James Roddey, Cascadia
Spring 2001, volume 1, number 2

Lava Rivers on the Moon
Charles Wood, Sky & Telescope, September 2004, page 76-77

Dynamics of Kilauea Volcano
John Dvorak, Scientific American, August 1992, page 46-53

The Secrets of Supervolcanoes
Ilya Bindeman, Scientific American, June 2006, page 37-43

The Restless World of Enceladus
Carolyn Porco, Scientific American, December 2008, page 52-

When Mountains Fizz
Sid Perkins, Science News,

Active Volcanoes in Space?
Megan Evans, Spectroscopy, January 2009,

Lavalands, Oregon
Robert Mohlenbrock, Natural History, 1990, page 76-79

Blown Away
Lee Siebert, Natural History, Octoboer 2005, page 50-55

Inside Hawaiian Volcanoes (Video)
Animation, graphics, historic and present-day footage explore Hawaiian volcanology. Contact the USGS ( Product Number: (200) R290 no.89-685.

Crater Lake: The Mirror of Heaven (Video)
Southern Oregon Public Television. Copyright 2004.

Volcano Nature’s Inferno (Video)
National Geographic. Copyright 2003.

Cascadia: The Hidden Fire (Video)
Michael Leinau and Global Net Productions. Copyright 2004.

Lava Flows and Lava Tubes: What They Are, How They Form (Video)
Volcano Video Productions. Copyright 2003.

Fire Mountains of the West: The Cascade Volcanoes (Video)
Global Net Productions. Copyright 2004.

Rocks and Globes

Rocks!  Samples from Earth – and examples of what exists on Mars and the Moon (not the real thing – examples!) - can be ordered from science supply companies. The following are from Ward's Natural Science Company:

Basalt -

Vesicular Basalt (gas pocket "holes") -

Flood Basalt -

Anorthosite -
(Moon only!)

Actual Impact Breccia from Earth -

Basalt Breccia -

Volcanic Breccia -

Search also for granite, rhyolite, diorite, andesite, granodiorite, dacite, and gabbro.

Lunar and Mars Soil Simulant can be ordered from Orbitec ( 

Moon (and other!) Globes

Sky and Telescope -(

Astronomical Society of the Pacific (1-800-335-2624) -

Teacher Professional Development

Annenberg – Teacher Professional Development Programming ( – great resources for science and math teachers!

A Private Universe (K-12 science)
A powerful collection of video clips of students' astronomical ideas (seasons and moon phases) and how they change (or don’t) with classroom instruction.

Minds of Our Own (K-12 science)
Video presentation of students’ surprising preconceptions about science concepts (atmospheric gases, photosynthesis, light, electricity) and new educational approaches to developing deeper science understanding. (Private Universe Project in Science video series including Minds of Our Own and other resources.

Beyond the Solar System: Expanding the Universe in the Classroom (8-12 science)
Video exploration of the structure and evolution of the universe and the nature of science designed for 8-12 educators and their students. The video includes clips of students preconceived ideas about stars, galaxies and the Big Bang, exploration of the science concepts, classroom strategies, and extensive resources. 

Essential Science for Teachers: Earth and Space Science

These professional development materials for K-6 educators explore Earth and space science through real-world examples, demonstrations, animations, and interviews with scientists. In-depth interviews with children uncover their ideas about the topic at hand. The eight one-hour video programs are accompanied by print and Web materials that provide in-class activities and homework explorations.

Online Seminars on Science (American Museum of Natural History)
Explore the geological events that shaped our planet over millions of years, and consider the interconnected systems that cause earthquakes, volcanos, and major climate changes. Available for credit.

Penn State Astrobiology Research Center
Excellent summer courses for science teachers.

Montana State University – Extended University

Online science courses for teachers.

2009 Field Trip page

Back to Education Page    |    Back to LPI Home Page