Lunar and Planetary Institute






Volcanism
Misconceptions and Educational Research

Common misconceptions include:

Research has been conducted on Earth science misconceptions:

DeLaughter, J. E., Stein, S., Stein, C. A., and Bain, K. R., 1998, Preconceptions Abound Among Students in an Introductory Earth Science Course, Eos, 79(36), 429.

Bisard, W. J., Aron, R. H., Francek, M. A., and Nelson, B. D., 1994, Assessing Selected Physical Science and Earth Science Misconceptions of Middle School through University PreService Teachers, Journal CST, September/October 1994.