Lunar and Planetary Institute


Exploring Mars: Resources for Further Study

Books and Articles | Websites

Books and Articles

Albee, A.L., "The Unearthly Landscapes of Mars", Scientific American, June 2003, pp. 44-53.

Beatty, J.K., C.C. Peterson, and A. Chaikin, eds., (1999) The New Solar System, Fourth Edition, Sky Publishing Corp., Cambridge, MA. This beautifully illustrated book is an excellent place to start learning about the planets.

Bell, J., "The Red Planet's Watery Past", Scientific American, December 2006, pp. 63-69.

Carr, M.H., (2006) The Surface of Mars, Cambridge University Press, New York. An up-to-date account of our knowledge of Mars.

Christensen, P.R., "The Many Faces of Mars", Scientific American, July 2005, pp. 32-39.

Clifford, S.M., "The Iceball Next Door," Sky and Telescope, August 2003, pp. 30-36.

Cooper, H.S.F., (1980) The Search for Life On Mars: Evolution of an Idea, Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, New York. The story of the biology experiments on the Viking Landers.

Gibson, E.K., D.S. McKay, K. Thomas-Keprta, and C.S. Romanek, "The Case for Relic Life on Mars", Scientific American, December 1997, pp. 58-65.

Golombek, M.P., "The Mars Pathfinder Mission", Scientific American, July 1998, pp. 40-49.

Horowitz, N.H., "The Search for Life on Mars", Scientific American, November 1977, pp. 52-61.

Kargel, J.S., and R.G. Strom, "Global Climatic Change on Mars", Scientific American, November 1996, pp. 80-88.

Lowell, P., (1895) Mars, Houghton Mifflin, New York. Percival Lowell's fascinating, passionate, and highly erroneous interpretations of his longtime observations of Mars. Especially interesting when read with Sheehan's Planets and Perception.

Murray, B., (1989) Journey Into Space: The First Thirty Years of Space Exploration, W.W. Norton, New York. Describes mankind's robotic exploration of Mars and the rest of the Solar System, as witnessed by this former director of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Musser, G., "The Spirit of Exploration", Scientific American, March 2004, pp. 52-57.

Raeburn, P., (1998) Mars: Uncovering the Secrets of the Red Planet, National Geographic Society, Washington D.C. Includes an excellent selection of Viking and Mars Pathfinder images.

Sheehan, W., (1988) Planets and Perception: Telescopic Views and Interpretations, 1609-1909, University of Arizona Press, Tucson. An introduction to the physical, social, and psychological pitfalls of observing distant worlds, especially Mars. This makes an excellent companion to Lowell's Mars.

Sheehan, W., (1996) The Planet Mars: A History of Observation and Discovery, University of Arizona Press, Tucson. A popular history of discoveries and ideas about Mars, emphasizing the era of visual and telescopic observations.

Shirley, D., (1998) Managing Martians, Broadway Books, New York. The story of the Sojourner rover on Mars Pathfinder.

Squyres, S., (2005) Roving Mars: Spirit, Opportunity, and the Exploration of Mars, Hyperion Books, New York. The story of the Mars Exploration Rovers, told by the project's leader.

Treiman, A., "Microbes in a Martian Meteorite? An Update on the Controversy", Sky and Telescope, April 1999, pp. 52-58.

Viking Lander Imaging Team, (1978) The Martian Landscape, NASA SP 425. A compilation of photographs taken by the Viking Landers.

Viking Orbiter Imaging Team, (1980) Viking Orbiter Views of Mars, NASA SP 441. A compilation of photographs taken by the Viking Orbiters.

Wilford, J.N., (1990) Mars Beckons, Alfred A. Knopf, New York.


Mars Missions

NASA Mars Exploration Program
Mars Exploration Rovers
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
Mars Odyssey
Mars Global Surveyor
Mars Science Laboratory

Classroom Activities

Destination Mars
Exploring Planets in the Classroom
Mars Curriculum Resources

Other Mars-related Websites

Views of the Solar System: Mars
Hubble Space Telescope Images of Mars
Maps of Mars

The Rest of the Solar System

The Nine Planets
Planetary Photojournal
Planetary Science Research Discoveries
Planetary Science World Wide Web Sites


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