Children retell the Native American story of Spring Defeats Winter – and its scientific counterpart, to reinforce their understanding of why we have seasons on Earth.
Invite the children to retell the Native American story and the science story. Help the children begin the Native American story. Prompt the children through the discussion. Help the children remember incidents that are left out or are out of order.
You may want to keep a list of events as the children build the story. Follow the Native American narrative with a discussion of the science story in the same way.
- What did Old Man Winter do to the Earth?
- What was his lodge like?
- His fire?
- Who was knocking at Old Man Winter's lodge?
- What happened when he came inside?
- What did he say to Old Man Winter?
- What happened to the fire?
- What happened to the Earth?
You may want to have the children reenact the story as a play, taking turns as the narrator. They can create songs or dance the stories. Invite them to illustrate the stories using craft materials (see the ”Drawing Conclusions” activity).
January 4, 2007
Ages 5 and up
30 minutes or longer
• Poster Paper
Connections to the National Science Standard(s):
Standards A& D (grades K–4): Understand and communicate the explanation (this communication might be spoken or written) for the patterns of movement of objects in the sky. The sun, for example, appears to change its path over the seasons. Weather changes from day to day and over the seasons.
Standards A& D (grades 5–8): Understand and communicate the scientific explanation of how objects in the solar system have regular and predictable motion that explains such phenomena as seasons. Seasons result from variations in the amount of the sun's energy hitting the surface, due to the tilt of the earth's rotation on its axis and the length of the day.