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Lunar Volcanism


Lunar Volcanism

Portions of the Moon's interior remained hot enough to produce magma for more than a billion years after it formed. Molten rock flowed onto the lunar surface through cracks in the crust, spreading out and filling the low regions in the impact basins. The lava cooled quickly, forming the fine-grained, dark rocks  basalt  sampled during the Apollo missions. The dark areas seen on the Moon are basaltic lava plains. Dark basaltic plain of Mare Imbrium. Apollo 15 Command Module Sim Bay Mapping Camera image, courtesy of NASA.


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