Pioneer 10 crosses the orbit of Neptune and becomes the first space vehicle to leave the solar system.
STS-7, a space shuttle Challenger mission, launches with the first female astronaut, Sally Ride.
Hurricane Alicia devastates the Texas Gulf Coast. The Institute escapes relatively unscathed, but massive power outages result in a two-week shutdown of operations.
Kevin Burke is appointed LPI Director.
The Workshop on Past and Present Solar Radiation: The Record in Meteoritic and Lunar Regolith Materials, convened by Dave McKay and Bob Pepin and sponsored by the LPI, is held at the Max-Planck Institute in Germany.
LPI publishes Chondrules and Their Origins, edited by Elbert A. King. The book is a result of the conference of the same name held in November 1982.