Lunar and Planetary Institute






Lunar Instruments

To help the lunar community find information about instruments that flew on previous lunar missions, we assembled a table of those instruments below. The information we have is incomplete, so we welcome additional details from instrument PI's and others in the community. We will also appreciate receiving any documents with missing instrument details. Please contact webmaster@lpi.usra.edu if you have additional information. We also note that in many cases modern instrument data is available from NASA's Planetary Data System.




Apollo 8

Mission Typeorbiter Mission Duration6 days, 3 hours
Launch Date1968 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)

Instrument/Experiment Cameras-various: two 70-mm Hasselblad cameras, 16-mm Maurer camera
Acronym  
Observation Category visual documentation
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function acquired vertical and oblique overlapping photos of farside, photographed targets of opportunity, recorded operational activities
Comments  




Apollo 10

Mission Typeorbiter Mission Duration8 days, 3 minutes
Launch Date1969 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)

Instrument/Experiment Cameras-various: modified Hasselblad 500 EL cameras
Acronym  
Observation Category visual documentation
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function obtained photos of rendezvous sequence, lunar ground track and landing site 2, long-distance earth and lunar terrain, and recorded operational activities
Comments  




Apollo 11

Mission Typelander Mission Duration8 days, 3 hours, 18 minutes
Launch Date1969 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)

Instrument/Experiment Apollo Light Flash Moving Emulsion Detector
Acronym ALFMED
Observation Category life sciences, animal biology/medical -eyes, cosmic radiation
Measurement cosmic ray particles passing through emulsion
Resolution  
Instrument Function tested the various theories of the origin of light flashes seen by astronauts
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Cameras-various: one 70-mm Hasselblad electric camera, two 70-mm lunar surface superwide-angle cameras, one Hasselblad El data camera, two 16-mm Maurer data acquisition cameras, one 35-mm surface close-up stereoscopic camera, and a television camera
Acronym  
Observation Category visual documentation
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function photograph "targets of opportunity," i.e., scientifically interesting sites and potential Apollo landing sites as time and circumstances permitted; obtain photographs of the lunar module and lunar surface activities after LM landing; obtain vertical and oblique stereo strips of nearside and farside regions of scientific interest; record mission operational activities; and obtain documentation for subsequent landing crew training purposes
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Early Apollo Scientific Experiments Package
Acronym EASEP
Observation Category several
Measurement varied
Resolution varied
Instrument Function combination of PSEP and LRRR in two separate units carried to the same site together
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Laser Ranging Retroreflector
Acronym LRRR
Observation Category earth/moon system
Measurement short-pulse laser ranging
Resolution  
Instrument Function measured lunar librations, recession of moon from Earth, and irregular motion of Earth
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Dust Detector
Acronym LDD
Observation Category lunar dust
Measurement power generation
Resolution energy thresholds: 173 keV - 380 keV for electrons; 60 keV - 4.25 MeV for protons; sensors range 84 to 408 K
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Geology - General
Acronym  
Observation Category lunar geosciences
Measurement rock samples
Resolution 100 m traverse from landing site
Instrument Function geological field work (description, sampling, etc.)
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Geology - Tools
Acronym  
Observation Category lunar geosciences
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function tools used in geological field work
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Miscellaneous Tools and UHT Equipment
Acronym MET, UHT, DRT, FTT, RTG, LEC
Observation Category general equipment
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function various
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Passive Seismic Experiment Package
Acronym PSEP
Observation Category lunar seismometry
Measurement lunar seismic activity, meteoroid impacts, free oscillations of the moon
Resolution long-period frequency response 0.004 - 3 Hz; short-period response 0.05 - 20 Hz; minimum signals were 10 microns for SP and LP seismic signals, 0.4 arc-sec for LP horizontal tide output signal, 320 microgals for LP vertical tide output signal
Instrument Function designed to detect moonquakes and impacts
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Soil Mechanics
Acronym  
Observation Category soil mechanics
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function verified lunar soil models, determine variability in lunar soil properties, aid in interpretation of geology
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Solar Wind Composition
Acronym SWC
Observation Category solar wind, solar physics
Measurement measured particles trapped on an aluminum foil sheet
Resolution  
Instrument Function measured ion types and energies of solar wind on lunar surface
Comments  




Apollo 12

Mission Typelander Mission Duration10 days, 4 hours, 36 minutes
Launch Date1969 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)

Instrument/Experiment Apollo Light Flash Moving Emulsion Detector
Acronym ALFMED
Observation Category life sciences, animal biology/medical -eyes, cosmic radiation
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function tested the various theories of the origin of light flashes seen by astronauts
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package
Acronym ALSEP (PSE, SIDE, SWS, LSM, LDD, CCG)
Observation Category several
Measurement varied
Resolution varied
Instrument Function various experiments including a Passive Seismic Experiment (PSE), Suprathermal Ion Detector Experiment (SIDE), Solar Wind Spectrometer (SWS), Lunar Surface Magnetometer (LSM), Lunar Dust Detector (LDD) and Cold Cathode Gauge (CCG)
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Cameras-various; one 70-mm Hasselblad electric camera, two Hasselblad data cameras, two 16-mm Maurer data acquisition cameras, one 35-mm lunar surface stereoscopic closeup camera, a four-camera, multispectral, S-158 experiment
Acronym  
Observation Category visual documentation
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Cold Cathode Gauge (part of ALSEP)
Acronym CCG
Observation Category atmosphere
Measurement tenuous lunar atmosphere
Resolution currents between 1.0E-13 to 1.0E-16 amps
Instrument Function measured density of neutral particles to determine the amount of gas at the lunar surface
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Dust Detector (part of ALSEP)
Acronym LDD
Observation Category lunar dust
Measurement power generation
Resolution  
Instrument Function measured power generation from solar cells varying due to dust coverage
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Geology - General
Acronym  
Observation Category lunar geosciences
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function geological field work (description, sampling, etc.)
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Geology - Tools
Acronym  
Observation Category lunar geosciences
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function tools used in geological field work
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Surface Magnetometer (part of ALSEP)
Acronym LSM
Observation Category lunar magnetometry
Measurement magnetic field
Resolution minus to plus 100, 200 or 400 gammas
Instrument Function measured magnetic field on lunar surface and determine deep interior properties of the moon
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Miscellaneous Tools and UHT Equipment
Acronym MET, UHT, DRT, FTT, RTG, LEC
Observation Category general equipment
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function various
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Passive Seismic Experiment (part of ALSEP)
Acronym PSE
Observation Category lunar seismometry
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function designed to detect moonquakes and impacts
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Soil Mechanics
Acronym  
Observation Category soil mechanics
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function verified lunar soil models, determine variability in lunar soil properties, aid in interpretation of geology
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Solar Wind Composition
Acronym SWC
Observation Category solar wind, solar physics
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function measured ion types and energies of solar wind on lunar surface
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Solar Wind Spectrometer
Acronym SWS
Observation Category solar wind, solar physics, earth sciences magnetosphere
Measurement plasma measurements made every 28.1 seconds
Resolution flux rates of 2.5E6 to 2.5E11 particles cm^-2 sec^-1
Instrument Function measured protons and electrons at the lunar surface
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Suprathermal Ion Detector Experiment (part of ALSEP)
Acronym SIDE
Observation Category lunar atmosphere, solar wind, radiation, lunar volcanology, earth sciences magnetosphere
Measurement positive ion detection
Resolution mass analyzer determined ion flux in 20 mass channels from 10 - 1000 amu per charge for six energies; total ion detector detected higher energy ions in 20 steps between 10 - 3500 eV
Instrument Function measured energy and mass spectra of positive ions, flux and energy spectrum of positive ions in earth's magnetotail, plasma interaction between solar wind and moon, and electric potential of lunar surface
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Surveyor 3 Retrieval
Acronym  
Observation Category materials of construction
Measurement effects of the A-12 LM blast ejecta, micrometeoroid effects on TV camera electronics, cables, metal structure, mirrors, etc., analysis of the sampler scoop, effect of low temperature oxygen plasma on the coatings, induced radioactivity, and microbe survival in the lunar environment
Resolution  
Instrument Function inspected and retrieved key parts of Surveyor 3 after 30-month exposure on lunar surface
Comments  




Apollo 13

Mission Typeorbiter Mission Duration5 days, 22.9 hours
Launch Date1970 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)

Instrument/Experiment Atmospheric Electrical Phenomena
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement launch-phase electrical phenomena
Resolution  
Instrument Function study certain aspects of electrical phenomena prior to and during launch
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Cameras-camera use was limited to two 70-mm Hasselblad EL cameras and two 16-millimeter Maurer data-acquisition cameras (DAC)
Acronym  
Observation Category visual documentation
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function photographed targets of opportunity, obtained vertical and oblique stereo strips of scientific interest, recorded mission operational activities, obtained photos of lunar surface features
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Earth Photography applied to Geosynchronous Satellites
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement Earth-centered photographs
Resolution Eleven photos taken
Instrument Function test the feasibility of cloud height at synchronous altitudes
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Pilot Describing Function
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function obtained data during manually controlled spacecraft maneuvers on various phases of the mission
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Seismic Detection of Third-Stage Lunar Impact
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement recorded seismic signals from Apollo 13 S-IVB impact
Resolution  
Instrument Function gather data on large mass impact phenomena
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Window Meteoroids Detector
Acronym  
Observation Category small bodies
Measurement meteoroids with masses of 1 nanogram or less
Resolution 0.4 square m of the window surfaces were used as meteoroid impact detectors
Instrument Function obtained information about flux of small meteoroids
Comments  




Apollo 14

Mission Typelander Mission Duration9 days
Launch Date1971 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)

Instrument/Experiment Active Seismic Experiment (part of ALSEP)
Acronym ASE
Observation Category seismology
Measurement 21 thumper shots were fired (8 misfires) and indicated that 2 P-wave velocities were measured at Fra Mauro; estimates of thickness range from 38 to 76 m
Resolution meters sensitive to 3 to 250 HZ
Instrument Function internal profiling of moon to 460m depth
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Apollo Light Flash Moving Emulsion Detector
Acronym ALFMED
Observation Category life sciences, animal biology/medical -eyes, cosmic radiation
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function tested the various theories of the origin of light flashes seen by astronauts
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package
Acronym ALSEP (PSE, ASE, SIDE, CPLEE, LDD, CCG)
Observation Category several
Measurement varied
Resolution varied
Instrument Function various experiments including a Passive Seismic Experiment (PSE), Active Seismic Experiment (ASE), Suprathermal Ion Detector Experiment (SIDE), Charged Particle Lunar Environment Experiment (CPLEE), Lunar Dust Detector (LDD) and Cold Cathode Gauge (CCG)
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Cameras-various; two 70-millimeter still cameras with multiple lenses, one 16-millimeter camera with four lenses, and the Lunar Topographic camera were carried on command module; landing module carried two 70-millimeter cameras with 60-millimeter lenses
Acronym  
Observation Category visual documentation
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Charged Particle Lunar Environment Experiment
Acronym CPLEE
Observation Category solar wind/charged particles radiation
Measurement energy spectra
Resolution 50 to 50,000 eV
Instrument Function measured ambient fluxes of charged particles
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Cold Cathode Gauge (part of ALSEP)
Acronym CCG
Observation Category atmosphere
Measurement pressures between 10-6 and 10-12
Resolution  
Instrument Function measure tenuous lunar atmosphere
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Composite Casting Demonstration
Acronym  
Observation Category materials science - composites
Measurement  
Resolution 11 samples were processed
Instrument Function evaluated the effect of near-zerogravity on the preparation of cast metals, fiber-strengthened materials, and single crystals
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Electrophoretic Separation
Acronym  
Observation Category materials science - organics/proteins
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function demonstrated separations obtained with 3 sample mixtures of different molecular weights
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Heat Flow and Convection
Acronym HFC
Observation Category fluid dynamics, materials science
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function detected convection or convective effects by measuring heat flow rates in fluids; test cells were used to detect convection or convective effects by measuring heat flow rates in fluids
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Laser Ranging Retroreflector
Acronym LRRR
Observation Category earth/moon system
Measurement short-pulse laser ranging
Resolution  
Instrument Function measured lunar librations, recession of moon from Earth, and irregular motion of Earth
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Liquid Transfer Demonstration
Acronym LTD
Observation Category fluid dynamics, materials science
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function demonstrated the transfer of liquid between baffled and unbaffled tanks
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Dust Detector (part of ALSEP)
Acronym LDD
Observation Category lunar dust
Measurement power generation-photovoltaic output of solar cells and temperature measured by 3 thermistors; measurements were made over the course of each lunar day
Resolution power output of each cell 0 - 150 mV; temperature sensors had range of 84 - 408 K
Instrument Function measured power generation from solar cells varying due to dust coverage
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Geology - General
Acronym  
Observation Category lunar geosciences
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function geological field work (description, sampling, etc.)
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Geology - Tools
Acronym  
Observation Category lunar geosciences
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function tools used in geological field work
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Portable Magnetometer
Acronym LPM
Observation Category lunar magnetometry
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function measured steady magnetic field at A-14 and A-16 sites
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Miscellaneous Tools and UHT Equipment
Acronym MET, UHT, DRT, FTT, RTG, LEC
Observation Category general equipment
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function various
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Passive Seismic Experiment (part of ALSEP)
Acronym PSE
Observation Category lunar seismometry
Measurement  
Resolution detected ground motions as small as 0.3 nm; sensitivity was 0.008 mgal
Instrument Function designed to detect moonquakes and impacts and determine the internal structure, physical state and tectonic activity of the moon
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Soil Mechanics
Acronym Tool used was Apollo Simple Penetrometer (ASP)
Observation Category soil mechanics
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function verified lunar soil models, determine variability in lunar soil properties, aid in interpretation of geology
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Solar Wind Composition
Acronym SWC
Observation Category solar wind, solar physics
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function measured ion types and energies of solar wind on lunar surface
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Suprathermal Ion Detector Experiment (part of ALSEP)
Acronym SIDE
Observation Category lunar atmosphere, solar wind, radiation, lunar volcanology, earth sciences magnetosphere
Measurement positive ions
Resolution Mass analyzer determined ion flux in 20 mass channels from 6 - 750 amu for 6 energies; total ion detector detected higher energy ions in 20 steps over 10 - 3500 eV
Instrument Function measured energy and mass spectra of positive ions, flux and energy spectrum of positive ions in earth's magnetotail, plasma interaction between solar wind and moon, and electric potential of lunar surface
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Thermal Degradation Sample
Acronym TDS
Observation Category materials of construction
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function evaluated the effect of lunar dust on optical properties of 12 thermal coatings
Comments  




Apollo 15

Mission Typelander Mission Duration12 days, 7 hours, 12 minutes
Launch Date1971 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)

Instrument/Experiment Apollo Light Flash Moving Emulsion Detector
Acronym ALFMED
Observation Category life sciences, animal biology/medical -eyes, cosmic radiation
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function tested the various theories of the origin of light flashes seen by astronauts
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package
Acronym ALSEP (PSE, SIDE, SWS, LDD, LSM, HFE, CCG)
Observation Category several
Measurement varied
Resolution varied
Instrument Function various experiments including a Passive Seismic Experiment (PSE), Suprathermal Ion Detector Experiment (SIDE), Solar Wind Spectrometer (SWS), Lunar Dust Detector (LDD), Lunar Surface Magnetometer (LSM), Heat Flow Experiment (HFE) and Cold Cathode Gauge (CCG)
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Cameras-various
Acronym  
Observation Category visual documentation
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Cold Cathode Gauge
Acronym CCG
Observation Category atmosphere
Measurement pressures between 10-6 and 10-12
Resolution  
Instrument Function measured tenuous lunar atmosphere
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Laser Ranging Retroreflector
Acronym LRRR
Observation Category earth/moon system
Measurement short-pulse laser ranging
Resolution  
Instrument Function measured lunar librations, recession of moon from Earth, and irregular motion of Earth
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Dust Detector
Acronym LDD
Observation Category lunar dust
Measurement power generation
Resolution  
Instrument Function measured power generation from solar cells varying due to dust coverage
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Geology - General
Acronym  
Observation Category lunar geosciences
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function geological field work (description, sampling, etc.)
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Geology - Tools
Acronym  
Observation Category lunar geosciences
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function tools used in geological field work
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Rover Vehicle
Acronym LRV
Observation Category rover
Measurement average speed ~ 10 km/hr
Resolution longest traverse ~ 20 km (A-17)
Instrument Function extended the range so a greater variety of terrain could be visited
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Surface Magnetometer
Acronym LSM
Observation Category lunar magnetometry
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function measured magnetic field on lunar surface and determine deep interior properties of the moon
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Miscellaneous Tools and UHT Equipment
Acronym MET, UHT, DRT, FTT, RTG, LEC
Observation Category general equipment
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function various
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Passive Seismic Experiment
Acronym PSE
Observation Category lunar seismometry
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function designed to detect moonquakes and impacts
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Soil Mechanics
Acronym Tool used was Self-Recording Penetrometer (SRP)
Observation Category soil mechanics
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function verified lunar soil models, determine variability in lunar soil properties, aid in interpretation of geology
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Solar Wind Composition
Acronym SWC
Observation Category solar wind, solar physics
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function measured ion types and energies of solar wind on lunar surface
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Solar Wind Spectrometer
Acronym SWS
Observation Category solar wind, solar physics, earth sciences magnetosphere
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function measured solar wind properties
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Suprathermal Ion Detector Experiment
Acronym SIDE
Observation Category lunar atmosphere, solar wind, radiation, lunar volcanology, earth sciences magnetosphere
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function measured energy and mass spectra of positive ions, flux and energy spectrum of positive ions in earth's magnetotail, plasma interaction between solar wind and moon, and electric potential of lunar surface
Comments  




Apollo 16

Mission Typelander Mission Duration11 days, 1 hour, 51 minutes
Launch Date1972 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)

Instrument/Experiment Active Seismic Experiment
Acronym ASE
Observation Category seismology
Measurement  
Resolution meters sensitive to 3 to 250 HZ
Instrument Function internal profiling of moon to 460m depth
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Apollo Light Flash Moving Emulsion Detector
Acronym ALFMED
Observation Category life sciences, animal biology/medical -eyes, cosmic radiation
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function tested the various theories of the origin of light flashes seen by astronauts
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package
Acronym ALSEP (PSE, ASE, LSM, HFE)
Observation Category several
Measurement varied
Resolution varied
Instrument Function various experiments including a Passive Seismic Experiment (PSE), Active Seismic Experiment (ASE), Lunar Surface Magnetometer (LSM) and Heat Flow Experiment (HFE)
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Cameras-various
Acronym  
Observation Category visual documentation
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Electrophoretic Separation
Acronym  
Observation Category materials science - organics/proteins
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function demonstrated electrophoresis of large, dense non-biological particles to evaluate potential for separation of biological particles
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Far UV Camera/Spectrograph
Acronym UVC
Observation Category astronomy, UV: earth atmosphere, aurora
Measurement  
Resolution far UV range (below 1600 angstrom), 20 degree field of view in imaging mode; 0.5 degree x 20 degree in spectrographic mode
Instrument Function mini-observatory that acquired imagery and spectra in far UV range
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Geology - General
Acronym  
Observation Category lunar geosciences
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function geological field work (description, sampling, etc.)
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Geology - Tools
Acronym  
Observation Category lunar geosciences
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function tools used in geological field work
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Portable Magnetometer
Acronym LPM
Observation Category lunar magnetometry
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function measured steady magnetic field at A-14 and A-16 sites
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Rover Vehicle
Acronym LRV
Observation Category rover
Measurement average speed ~ 10 km/hr
Resolution longest traverse ~ 20 km (A-17)
Instrument Function extended the range so a greater variety of terrain could be visited
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Surface Cosmic Ray Experiment
Acronym LSCRE
Observation Category solar wind, solar radiation, cosmic radiation
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function observed cosmic ray and solar wind nuclei and thermal neutrons
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Surface Magnetometer
Acronym LSM
Observation Category lunar magnetometry
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function measured magnetic field on lunar surface and determine deep interior properties of the moon
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Miscellaneous Tools and UHT Equipment
Acronym MET, UHT, DRT, FTT, RTG, LEC
Observation Category general equipment
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function various
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Passive Seismic Experiment
Acronym PSE
Observation Category lunar seismometry
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function designed to detect moonquakes and impacts
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Soil Mechanics
Acronym Tool used was Self-Recording Penetrometer (SRP)
Observation Category soil mechanics
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function verified lunar soil models, determine variability in lunar soil properties, aid in interpretation of geology
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Solar Wind Composition
Acronym SWC
Observation Category solar wind, solar physics
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function measured ion types and energies of solar wind on lunar surface
Comments  




Apollo 17

Mission Typelander Mission Duration12 days, 13 hours, 52 minutes
Launch Date1972 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)

Instrument/Experiment Apollo Light Flash Moving Emulsion Detector
Acronym ALFMED
Observation Category life sciences, animal biology/medical -eyes, cosmic radiation
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function tested the various theories of the origin of light flashes seen by astronauts
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package
Acronym ALSEP (HFE, LEAM, LSG, LACE, LSP)
Observation Category several
Measurement varied
Resolution varied
Instrument Function various experiments including a Heat Flow Experiment (HFE), Lunar Ejecta and Meteorites Experiment (LEAM), Lunar Surface Gravimeter (LSG), Lunar Atmospheric Composition Experiment (LACE) and Lunar Seismic Profiling Experiment (LSP)
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Cameras-various
Acronym  
Observation Category visual documentation
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Heat Flow and Convection
Acronym HFC
Observation Category fluid dynamics, materials science
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function modified version of A-14 demonstration
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Atmospheric Composition Experiment
Acronym LACE
Observation Category atmosphere
Measurement  
Resolution mass range 1 to 110 amu
Instrument Function identified the composition and variation of lunar atmosphere
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Ejecta and Meteorites
Acronym LEAM
Observation Category lunar geology, cratering, micrometeorites
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function detected secondary ejecta particles and primary micrometeorites
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Geology - General
Acronym  
Observation Category lunar geosciences
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function geological field work (description, sampling, etc.)
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Geology - Tools
Acronym  
Observation Category lunar geosciences
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function tools used in geological field work
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Neutron Probe Experiment
Acronym LNPE
Observation Category lunar dust, radiation attenuation
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function time integrated fluxes of thermal neutrons were measured
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Rover Vehicle
Acronym LRV
Observation Category rover
Measurement average speed ~ 10 km/hr
Resolution longest traverse ~ 20 km (A-17)
Instrument Function extended the range so a greater variety of terrain could be visited
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Seismic Profiling Experiment
Acronym LSPE
Observation Category lunar seismometry
Measurement  
Resolution eight charges were deployed between 100 m and 3.5 km from four geophones
Instrument Function determined internal characteristics of lunar crust to depth of several km
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Surface Cosmic Ray Experiment
Acronym LSCRE
Observation Category solar wind, solar radiation, cosmic radiation
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function observed cosmic ray and solar wind nuclei and thermal neutrons
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Surface Gravimeter
Acronym LSG
Observation Category space physics, lunar geology, lunar gravimetry
Measurement  
Resolution 1 part in 10^11
Instrument Function acquired very accurate measurements of lunar gravity and variation over time
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Miscellaneous Tools and UHT Equipment
Acronym MET, UHT, DRT, FTT, RTG, LEC
Observation Category general equipment
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function various
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Passive Seismic Experiment
Acronym PSE
Observation Category lunar seismometry
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function designed to detect moonquakes and impacts
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Soil Mechanics
Acronym  
Observation Category soil mechanics
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function verified lunar soil models, determine variability in lunar soil properties, aid in interpretation of geology
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Surface Electrical Properties
Acronym SEP
Observation Category lunar geology geochemistry
Measurement  
Resolution six frequencies from 1 to 32.1 MHz (basic principal was interferometry)
Instrument Function measured dielectric constant and loss tangent of lunar regolith and provided information on subsurface structure
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Traverse Gravimeter Experiment
Acronym TGE
Observation Category space physics, lunar geology, lunar gravimetry
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function made relative gravity measurements in Apollo 17 landing area
Comments  




Artemis

Mission Typeorbiter Mission Duration08/25/2010 -
Launch Date2010 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)

Instrument/Experiment Electric Field Instruments
Acronym EFI
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function measure electric fields in magnetosphere
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Electrostatic Analyser
Acronym ESA
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function measure thermal electrons and ions
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Flux Gate Magnetometer
Acronym FGM
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function measure background magnetic field
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Search Coil Magnetometer
Acronym SCM
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function measure magnetic field fluctuations
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Solid State Telescope
Acronym SST
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function measures superthermal ions and electrons
Comments  




Chandrayaan 1

Mission Typeorbiter Mission Duration10/22/2008- current
Launch Date2008 Responsible AgencyISRO (India)

Instrument/Experiment Chandrayaan-1 Imaging X-ray Spectrometer
Acronym CIXS
Observation Category X-ray
Measurement 1-10 keV spectrum detecting X-rays
Resolution 25 km (FWHM)
Instrument Function determine the major element composition of lunar surface material
Comments Based on instrument flown on Smart-1

Instrument/Experiment High Energy X-ray Spectrometer
Acronym HEX
Observation Category X-ray
Measurement 30-200 keV
Resolution 33 km (FWHM)
Instrument Function study the emission of low energy natural gamma rays from lunar surface due to U and Th and their decay chain nuclides
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Hyper-Spectral Imager
Acronym HySI
Observation Category geology and geophysics
Measurement 400-900 nm
Resolution 80 m
Instrument Function mapping the mineralogy of moon's surface
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Laser Ranging Instrument
Acronym LLRI
Observation Category geology and geophysics
Measurement  
Resolution 10 m
Instrument Function measurement of surface topography from polar orbit
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Miniature Synthetic Aperture Radar
Acronym Mini-SAR
Observation Category geology and geophysics
Measurement  
Resolution 100 m
Instrument Function polar water detection
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Moon Mineralogy Mapper
Acronym M3
Observation Category optical sensor (near-infrared imaging spectrometer)
Measurement 430 - 3000 nm, 260 high-res spectral channels, 86 low-res spectral channels, 10 nm high-res, 20-40 nm low-res
Resolution 70 m/pixel high-res, 140 m/pixel low-res, 40 km field of view, 640 spatial elements in FOV high-res, 320 spatial elements in FOV low-res, 25% coverage high-res, 100% coverage low-res
Instrument Function identify and map mineral composition across the surface
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Near-Infrared Spectrometer
Acronym SIR-2
Observation Category geology and geophysics
Measurement .093-2.4 micrometers, spectral resolution 6 nm, angular resolution of 1.11 milliradians
Resolution 100m
Instrument Function measurement of surface mineralogy
Comments Similar to instrument on Smart-1

Instrument/Experiment Radon Dose Monitor
Acronym RADOM
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function monitor the radiation environment in near-moon atmosphere
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Sub-Atomic Reflection Analyzer
Acronym SARA
Observation Category low energy neutral atom (LENA) and solar wind monitor
Measurement detect low energy 10 eV to 3keV,
Resolution mass resolution will allow distinction of H, O., Na-Mg, K-Ca and Fe, Spatial resolution of 100 meters
Instrument Function measurement of neutral atoms sputtered from surface
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Terrain Mapping Camera
Acronym TMC
Observation Category geology and geophysics
Measurement stereo triplet views in 0.4 - 0.9 micrometer band
Resolution 5 m resolution
Instrument Function generate high resolution maps of the lunar surface
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment X-ray Solar Monitor
Acronym XSM
Observation Category x-ray spectrometer
Measurement energy range 1-20 keV, 512 spectral channels
Resolution spectral resolution ~200 eV at 6 keV (BOL)
Instrument Function measurement of solar x-ray spectrum simultaneously with CIXS moon imaging
Comments  




Chang'e 1

Mission Typeorbiter Mission Duration10/24/2007-03/01/2009
Launch Date2007 Responsible AgencyChina National Space Administration

Instrument/Experiment CCD Camera
Acronym  
Observation Category geology and geophysics
Measurement  
Resolution 0.50-0.75 micrometers spectral range, 120 m with swath width of 60 km
Instrument Function obtains 3-D image of lunar surface
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Charged Particle Telescope
Acronym CPT
Observation Category fields and particles
Measurement  
Resolution flux and spectra of energetic protons (3-80 MeV) and electrons (25-500 KeV)
Instrument Function study interaction of Earth's magnetotail and interplanetary shocks with the moon, monitor solar wind, and measure effects of incident particles on spacecraft solar cells and other sensors
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Gamma Ray Spectrometer
Acronym  
Observation Category geology and geophysics
Measurement 300 keV - 9 MeV
Resolution 9% at 662 keV
Instrument Function measures gamma rays from surface elements irradiated by cosmic rays and those emanating from radioactive elements such as K, Th, and U
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment High Energy Solar Particle Detector
Acronym  
Observation Category fields and particles
Measurement  
Resolution protons with energies 4 - 400 MeV, electrons with energies greater than 0.095 MeV, and heavy ions such as He, Li, C
Instrument Function analyze protons, electrons, and heavy ions during cruise to the moon and while in lunar orbit
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Interferometer Spectrometer Imager
Acronym  
Observation Category geology and geophysics
Measurement  
Resolution 0.48 - 0.96 micrometers with resolution of 200 m and a swath width of 25.6 km
Instrument Function obtains multispectral images of lunar surface
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Laser Altimeter
Acronym  
Observation Category geology and geophysics
Measurement ~200 m footprint, 1064 nm laser wavelength
Resolution ~5 m ranging resolution
Instrument Function measurement of altitude of spacecraft over the nadir point on the surface to produce topographic models
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Microwave radiometer
Acronym  
Observation Category geology and geophysics
Measurement 30 m, 20 m, 10 m, and 1 m thickness, frequencies of 3, 7.8, 19.35 and 37 GHz
Resolution temperature resolution 0.5 K
Instrument Function survey the thickness of lunar soil
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Solar Wind Detector
Acronym  
Observation Category fields and particles
Measurement  
Resolution 0.5 - 20 keV
Instrument Function analyze the flux of solar wind ions with energies up to 20 keV
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment X-ray Spectrometer
Acronym  
Observation Category geology and geophysics
Measurement 0.5 - 60 keV
Resolution 600 eV at 5.95 keV
Instrument Function measures flux and energy of x-rays emitted from lunar surface
Comments  




Chang'e 2

Mission Typeorbiter Mission Duration10/01/2010
Launch Date2010 Responsible AgencyChina National Space Administration




Chang'e 3

Mission Typelander Mission DurationTBD
Launch Date2013 Responsible AgencyChina National Space Administration




Clementine

Mission Typeorbiter Mission Duration01/25/1994-6/0/1994
Launch Date1994 Responsible AgencyDOD / NASA (USA)
CommentsMay 7, 1994 thruster malfunction

Instrument/Experiment Bistatic Radar Experiment
Acronym Bistatic Radar
Observation Category radar
Measurement 2.273GHz (13.19 cm wavelength)
Resolution  
Instrument Function transmitted unmodulated S-band right-circularly polarized signal through 1.1 meter high-gain antenna
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment High Resolution Camera
Acronym HIRES
Observation Category visual documentation
Measurement 400-800nm, 415nm, 560nm, 650nm, 750nm
Resolution 7-20m
Instrument Function intensified Thompson CCD camera with six position filter wheel
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Laser Image Detection and Ranging System
Acronym LIDAR
Observation Category altimetry
Measurement  
Resolution 40m vertical, 100m horizontal
Instrument Function measure the distance from the spacecraft to a point on the surface
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Long Wave Infrared Camera
Acronym LWIR
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function image darkside features on the moon and near-Earth asteroid 1620 Geographos (that phase cancelled due to equipment malfunction)
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Near Infrared Camera
Acronym NIR
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function study surfaces of the moon and asteroid Geographos at six wavelengths in the near-infrared spectrum
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment S-Band Transponder Doppler Gravity Experiment
Acronym  
Observation Category gravity
Measurement 57000 observations made at less than 1000 km altitude
Resolution  
Instrument Function used measurements of perturbations in motion of the spacecraft to infer lunar gravity field
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Star Tracker Camera
Acronym  
Observation Category visual documentation
Measurement  
Resolution FOV 28 by 43 degrees, entrance pupils 14 mm in diameter, bandpass filters of 0.4 - 1.1 micrometers, focal lengths of 17.5 mm
Instrument Function image the background stars to provide attitude determination for the spacecraft
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Ultraviolet/Visible Camera
Acronym UV/Vis
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function study surfaces of the moon and asteroid Geographos at five wavelengths in the ultraviolet and visible spectrum
Comments  




Galileo

Mission Typefly by Mission Duration12/8/1990 and 12/8/ 1992
Launch Date1989 Responsible AgencyNASA/DLR (USA/Germany)

Instrument/Experiment Solid State Imaging
Acronym SSI
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution FOV 0.46 degrees
Instrument Function image the moon at various wavelengths
Comments  




GRAIL

Mission Typeorbiter Mission Duration
Launch Date2011 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Gravity Ranging System
Acronym LGRS
Observation Category lunar gravity
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function measure lunar gravity
Comments twin spacecraft (Grail A and Grail B)




Hagoromo

Mission Typeorbiter Mission Duration03/18/1990-02/21/1990
Launch Date1990 Responsible AgencyInstitute of Space and Aeronautical Science (Japan)
Commentsno scientific experiments onboard




Hiten

Mission Typeorbiter Mission Duration01/24/1990-04/10/1993
Launch Date1990 Responsible AgencyInstitute of Space and Aeronautical Science (Japan)
Commentsalso call Muses-A




Kaguya

Mission Typeorbiter Mission Duration09-14-2007-current
Launch Date2007 Responsible AgencyJAXA (Japan)
CommentsA.K.A. Selene

Instrument/Experiment Differential VLBI Radio Source
Acronym VRAD-1, 2
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Gamma-ray Spectrometer
Acronym GRS
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment High Definition Television
Acronym HDTV
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function earth rise, surface
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Laser Altimeter
Acronym LALT
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Magnetometer
Acronym LM
Observation Category  
Measurement 0.5 nT
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Radar Sounder
Acronym LRS
Observation Category  
Measurement radar depth 5 km
Resolution 100 m
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Multiband Imager
Acronym MI
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Okina
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function relay subsatellite to crash into farside
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Plasma energy Angle and Composition Experiment
Acronym PACE
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Radio Science
Acronym RS
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Relay Satellite and Main Orbiter Transponder
Acronym RSAT-1, 2
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Spectral Profiler
Acronym SP
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Terrain Camera
Acronym TC
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Upper Atmosphere and Plasma Imager
Acronym UPI
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment X-ray Spectrometer
Acronym XRS
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  




LADEE

Mission Typeorbiter Mission Duration
Launch DateTBD Responsible Agency

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Dust Experiment
Acronym LDEX
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function determine the distribution and transportation of lunar dust
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Laser Com Demo
Acronym LLCD
Observation Category technology demo
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function technology demo
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Neutral Mass Spectrometer
Acronym NMS
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution 150 Dalton range
Instrument Function measurement of exospheric species
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment UV Spectrometer
Acronym UVS
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function dust and exosphere measurements
Comments  




LCROSS

Mission Typeimpactor Mission Duration
Launch DateTBD Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)

Instrument/Experiment Data Handling Unit
Acronym DHU
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function accommodates all sensor interfaces, all digital video system functionality and all interfaces with the S-S/C avionics
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite
Acronym LCROSS
Observation Category water detection
Measurement  
Resolution impact will be at 2.5 km/sec and at an angle ~75 degrees
Instrument Function measure the concentration of water ice (ice to dust ratio) in permanently shadowed lunar regolith
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Mid IR Camera, A
Acronym MIRCamA
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution FOV 10, spatial resolution 0.6, 0.04, sample frequency 0.1 Hz
Instrument Function obtain pre- and post-impact thermal images to characterize the surface material, obtain thermal evolution of the plume, and observe ejecta blanket and freshly exposed regolith
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Mid IR Camera, B
Acronym MIRCamB
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution FOV 10, spatial resolution 0.6, 0.04, sample frequency 0.1 Hz
Instrument Function obtain pre- and post-impact thermal images to characterize the surface material, obtain thermal evolution of the plume, and observe ejecta blanket and freshly exposed regolith
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment NIR Camera, A
Acronym NIRCamA
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution FOV 6, spatial resolution 0.4, 0.02, sample frequency 0.1 Hz
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment NIR Camera, B
Acronym NIRCamB
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution FOV 6, spatial resolution 0.4, 0.02, sample frequency 0.1 Hz
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment NIR Spectrometer, A
Acronym NIRSpecA
Observation Category  
Measurement NIR spectra
Resolution FOV 6, sample frequency 1 Hz
Instrument Function monitor spectral bands associated with water vapor, ice, and hydrated minerals in the near-infrared spectrum from 1.35 - 2.25 microns
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment NIR Spectrometer, B
Acronym NIRSpecB
Observation Category  
Measurement NIR spectra
Resolution FOV 6, sample frequency 1 Hz
Instrument Function monitor spectral bands associated with water vapor, ice, and hydrated minerals in the near-infrared spectrum from 1.35 - 2.25 microns
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Total Luminescent Photometer
Acronym TLP
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution FOV 6, sample frequency 1000 Hz
Instrument Function used to observe a possible impact flash
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Visible Context Camera
Acronym VisCam
Observation Category  
Measurement visible spectra
Resolution FOV 6, spatial resolution 0.2, 0.01, sample frequency 0.5 Hz
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Visible Photometer
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Visible Spectrometer
Acronym VisSpec
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution FOV 6, sample frequency 1 Hz
Instrument Function record the sunlit plume evolution and track the evolution of OH radicals from sunlight-dissociated water vapor molecules; measure the OH-1 (308 nm) and H2O+ (619 nm) transitions to assess water vapor production
Comments  




LRO

Mission Typeorbiter Mission Duration
Launch DateTBD Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)

Instrument/Experiment Cosmic Ray Telescope for Effects of Radiation
Acronym CRaTER
Observation Category radiation
Measurement LET spectra of galactic and solar cosmic rays, particularly above 10 MeV; 0.2 keV/micron to 7 MeV/micron
Resolution <3% with a spatial resolution of 77 km
Instrument Function measure lunar and deep space radiation environment
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Diviner Lunar Radiometer Experiment
Acronym DLRE
Observation Category radiometer
Measurement 30 to 400 K
Resolution 5 K with a spatial resolution of 400 - 500 m
Instrument Function map surface temperature, albedo, rock abundance, and ice stability
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector
Acronym LEND
Observation Category neutron detector
Measurement neutron emissions from thermal energies up to 15 MeV
Resolution 10 km spatial resolution and sensitive to 1000 ppm variations in the concentration of hydrogen in the upper 1m of the regolith
Instrument Function map the flux of neutrons from the lunar surface in search for water ice and provide a measure of space radiation that may affect human exploration
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter
Acronym LOLA
Observation Category laser system
Measurement  
Resolution 35 m polar topography at <10 cm vertical, global topography, surface slopes, and roughness
Instrument Function determine the global topography of the lunar surface, measure landing site slopes, and surface roughness
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera
Acronym LROC
Observation Category UV and visible light imaging
Measurement NAC is a high-res camera that is broadband with center at 550 nm and characteristic resolution of +/- 150 nm; WAC is a multispectral camera for 315-680 nm with spectral filters centered at 315 nm, 360 nm, 415 nm, 560 nm, 6000 nm, 640 nm, and 680 nm
Resolution NAC has a spatial resolution of 50 cm/pixel; WAC has a spatial resolution of 100 m/pixel in visible wavelengths and 400 m/pixel in ultraviolet wavelengths
Instrument Function wide-angle images will characterize polar illumination conditions and identify potential resources; narrow-angle images will support landing site selection. Image entire moon at 100 m resolution, plus thousands of 50 cm/pixel images of specific locations
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lyman Alpha Mapping Project
Acronym LAMP
Observation Category UV imaging spectrograph
Measurement far ultraviolet (52 to 187 nm)
Resolution 3.5 nm with a characteristic spatial resolution of 260 km, but down to 100 m resolution in polar regions
Instrument Function map frosts and landforms in permanently shadowed regions
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Mini-RF Technology Demonstration
Acronym  
Observation Category synthetic aperture radar (X and S-band radar imaging and interferometry
Measurement X-band (4 cm) and S-band (12 cm)
Resolution -30 dB with a spatial resolution of 75 m/pixel for S-band; -25 dB with a spatial resolution of 7.5 m/pixel in X-band
Instrument Function demonstrate new SAR technology and search for water ice
Comments  




Luna 1

Mission Typefly by Mission Duration1/2/1959
Launch Date1959 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)

Instrument/Experiment Scintillation + Geiger Counters
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Triaxial Fluxgate Magnetometer
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  




Luna 2

Mission Typelander Mission Duration09/12/1959-09/12/1959
Launch Date1959 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)

Instrument/Experiment Triaxial Fluxgate Magnetometer
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  




Luna 3

Mission Typefly by Mission Duration10/4/1959 - 10/22/1959
Launch Date1959 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)

Instrument/Experiment Yenisey-2 Phototelevision System
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  




Luna 4

Mission Typefly by Mission Duration4/2/1963 - 4/7/1963
Launch Date1963 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)
Commentsmissed Moon by 8400km

Instrument/Experiment Imaging System
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Radiation Detector
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  




Luna 5

Mission Typelander Mission Duration5/9/1965
Launch Date1965 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)
Commentsmission failure -impacted Moon ~31S 8W or possibly 8N 23W

Instrument/Experiment Imaging System
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Radiation Detector
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  




Luna 6

Mission Typelander Mission Duration6/8/1965
Launch Date1965 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)
Commentsmission failure - missed Moon

Instrument/Experiment Imaging System
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Radiation Detector
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  




Luna 7

Mission Typelander Mission Duration10/4/1965 - 10/07/1965
Launch Date1965 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)
Commentsmission failure - 9N 49W




Luna 8

Mission Typelander Mission Duration12//03/1965 - 12/06/1965
Launch Date1965 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)
Commentsmission failure - 9.1N 63.3W




Luna 9

Mission Typelander Mission Duration1/31/1966 -02/06/1966
Launch Date1966 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)

Instrument/Experiment Close-up Lunar Surface
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Radiation Detector
Acronym SBM-10
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  




Luna 10

Mission Typeorbiter Mission Duration03/31/1966-05/30/1966
Launch Date1966 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)

Instrument/Experiment Charged Particle Detector
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Gamma-Ray Spectrometer
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Gas Discharge Counters
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Gas Discharge Detectors
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Infrared Detector
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Micrometeoroid Detector
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Radio Science
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Triaxial Fluxgate Magnetometer
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment X-ray Detector
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  




Luna 11

Mission Typeorbiter Mission Duration08/24/1966-10/01/1966
Launch Date1966 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)
CommentsConsider failed mission




Luna 12

Mission Typeorbiter Mission Duration10/22/1966 - 01/19/1967
Launch Date1966 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)

Instrument/Experiment Television System
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  




Luna 13

Mission Typelander Mission Duration12/21/1966 - ~12/30/1966
Launch Date1966 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)

Instrument/Experiment Close-up Lunar Surface
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Dynamograph
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Mechanical Soil-measuring penetrometer
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Radiation Densitometer
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  




Luna 14

Mission Typeorbiter Mission Duration4/7/1968
Launch Date1968 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)




Luna 15

Mission Typelander Mission Duration07/13/1969-07/21/1969
Launch Date1969 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)
CommentsCompleted 86 communication sessions / 52 orbits- Impact 07/21/1969




Luna 16

Mission Typesample return Mission Duration9/12/1970-9/24/1970
Launch Date1970 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Soil Sampler
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Radiation Monitor
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Television System
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Temperature Monitor
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  




Luna 17

Mission Typelander Mission Duration11/10/1970-
Launch Date1970 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)

Instrument/Experiment Energetic Particles, MSU-TASPD
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Lunokhod 1
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  




Luna 18

Mission Typelander Mission Duration09/07/1971-09/11/1971
Launch Date1971 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)
CommentsCompleted 85 communications sessions, 54 orbits - impact 09/11/1971 3degrees 34minutes, 56 degrees 30 minutes E




Luna 19

Mission Typeorbiter Mission Duration9/28/1971
Launch Date1971 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)

Instrument/Experiment Energetic Particles, MSU-TASPD
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  




Luna 20

Mission Typelander Mission Duration02/14/1972-02/25/1972
Launch Date1972 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)

Instrument/Experiment Drill
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment TV Imaging
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  




Luna 21

Mission Typelander Mission Duration01/08/1973-6/0/1973
Launch Date1973 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Laser Retro-Reflector
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
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Comments  




Luna 22

Mission Typeorbiter Mission Duration05/29/1974-11/0/1974
Launch Date1974 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Photography
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
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Comments  




Luna 23

Mission Typelander Mission Duration10/28/1974-10/31/1974
Launch Date1974 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)




Luna 24

Mission Typesample return Mission Duration08/09/1976-8/22/1976
Launch Date1976 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)




Lunar Orbiter 1

Mission Typeorbiter/impactor Mission Duration08/10/1966-10/29/1966
Launch Date1966 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)

Instrument/Experiment Photographic System (dual-lens camera, a film processor, and readout system)
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement visible light
Resolution a) 80-mm focal length lens with angular coverage of 44.4 by 38 degrees (M frames); spatial resolution typically 200 to 1000 m b) 610-mm focal length lens with angular coverage of 20.4 by 5.16 degrees (H frames); spatial resolution typically 20 to 130m
Instrument Function Primary mission was to obtain high-resolution photographs of proposed Apollo landing sites.
Comments  




Lunar Orbiter 2

Mission Typeorbiter/impactor Mission Duration11/06/1966-10/11/1967
Launch Date1966 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)

Instrument/Experiment Photographic System (dual-lens camera, a film processor, and readout system)
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement visible light
Resolution a) 80-mm focal length lens with angular coverage of 44.4 by 38 degrees (M frames); spatial resolution typically 200 to 1000 m b) 610-mm focal length lens with angular coverage of 20.4 by 5.16 degrees (H frames); spatial resolution typically 20 to 130m
Instrument Function Primary mission was to obtain high-resolution photographs of proposed Apollo landing sites.
Comments  




Lunar Orbiter 3

Mission Typeorbiter/impactor Mission Duration02/05/1967-10/09/1967
Launch Date1967 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)

Instrument/Experiment Photographic System (dual-lens camera, a film processor, and readout system)
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement visible light
Resolution a) 80-mm focal length lens with angular coverage of 44.4 by 38 degrees (M frames); spatial resolution typically 200 to 1000 m b) 610-mm focal length lens with angular coverage of 20.4 by 5.16 degrees (H frames); spatial resolution typically 20 to 130m
Instrument Function Primary mission was to obtain high-resolution photographs of proposed Apollo landing sites.
Comments  




Lunar Orbiter 4

Mission Typeorbiter/impactor Mission Duration05/04/1967-10/31/1967
Launch Date1967 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)

Instrument/Experiment Photographic System (dual-lens camera, a film processor, and readout system)
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement visible light
Resolution a) 80-mm focal length lens with angular coverage of 44.4 by 38 degrees (M frames); spatial resolution typically 200 to 1000 m b) 610-mm focal length lens with angular coverage of 20.4 by 5.16 degrees (H frames); spatial resolution typically 20 to 130m
Instrument Function Systematically photograph the near-side of the Moon.
Comments  




Lunar Orbiter 5

Mission Typeorbiter/impactor Mission Duration08/01/1967-01/31/1968
Launch Date1967 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)

Instrument/Experiment Photographic System (dual-lens camera, a film processor, and readout system)
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement visible light
Resolution a) 80-mm focal length lens with angular coverage of 44.4 by 38 degrees (M frames); spatial resolution typically 200 to 1000 m b) 610-mm focal length lens with angular coverage of 20.4 by 5.16 degrees (H frames); spatial resolution typically 20 to 130m
Instrument Function Complete photographic survey of the far-side of the Moon.
Comments  




Lunar Prospector

Mission Typeorbiter/impactor Mission Duration01/07/1998-07/31/1999
Launch Date1998 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)

Instrument/Experiment Alpha Particle Spectrometer
Acronym APS
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution spectral energy resolution of about 100 keV at 5.5 MeV
Instrument Function detect radon outgassing events on the surface of the moon
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Doppler Gravity Experiment
Acronym DGE
Observation Category lunar gravity
Measurement Doppler shift in S-band tracking signal as it reaches Earth
Resolution surface resolution of 200 km and precision of 5 mgal in the form of spherical harmonic coefficients to degree and order 60
Instrument Function provide information about the surface and mass distribution of the moon which gives information on the crust, lithosphere and internal structure of the moon
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Electron Reflectometer
Acronym ER
Observation Category magnetic fields
Measurement energy spectrum and direction of electrons
Resolution particle energies from 0-20 keV; field strengths as small as 0.01 nT with a spatial accuracy of about 3 km at the lunar surface
Instrument Function collect information on the lunar remnant paleomagnetic fields
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Gamma Ray Spectrometer
Acronym GRS
Observation Category  
Measurement detect gamma-rays with energies between 0.3 and 9 MeV in channels 17.6 keV wide
Resolution global coverage from an altitude of ~ 100 km and with a surface resolution of 150 km
Instrument Function provide global maps of elemental abundances on the lunar surface
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Magnetometer
Acronym MAG
Observation Category magnetic fields
Measurement magnetic field amplitude and direction at spacecraft altitude with spatial resolution of ~100 km when ambient plasma disturbances are minimal
Resolution +/- 65536 nanoTesla (nT) with a sensitivity as low as 0.002 nT and 0.006 nT RMS noise
Instrument Function map the locations and strengths of the weak regional lunar crustal magnetic fields
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Neutron Spectrometer
Acronym NS
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution detect water ice at a level of less than 0.01%, surface resolution of 150 km
Instrument Function detect small amounts of hydrogen which may exist on or near the moon's surface
Comments  




Lunokhod 1

Mission Typerover Mission Duration11/10/1970-10/04/1971
Launch Date1970 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)

Instrument/Experiment Camera
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Observation Category  
Measurement  
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Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Cosmic-ray Detectors
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Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Laser Device
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Instrument/Experiment Lunar Soil Sampler
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Comments  

Instrument/Experiment X-ray Spectrometer
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Comments  

Instrument/Experiment X-ray Telescope
Acronym  
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Comments  




Lunokhod 2

Mission Typerover Mission Duration01/08/1973-06/0/1973
Launch Date1973 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)




Pioneer 2

Mission Typeorbit Mission Duration
Launch Date1958 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)
Commentsmission failure




Pioneer 3

Mission Typeflyby Mission Duration
Launch Date1958 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)
Commentsmission failure




Pioneer 4

Mission Typeflyby Mission Duration
Launch Date1959 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)




Pioneer-Able 1

Mission Typeorbit Mission Duration08-17-58
Launch Date1958 Responsible AgencyU.S. Air Force
Commentsmission failure




Pioneer-Able 2

Mission Typeorbit Mission Duration
Launch Date1958 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)
Commentsmission failure




Ranger 7

Mission Typelander Mission Duration07/28/1964-07/31/1964
Launch Date1964 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)




Ranger 8

Mission Typelander Mission Duration02/17/1965-02/20/1965 (64.9 hours)
Launch Date1965 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)




Ranger 9

Mission Typelander Mission Duration03/21/1965-03/24/1965 (64.5 hours)
Launch Date1965 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)




Selene

Mission Type Mission Duration
Launch Date Responsible Agency
CommentsSee Kaguya.

Instrument/Experiment Charged Particle Spectrometer
Acronym CPS
Observation Category  
Measurement  
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Comments  




SMART-1

Mission Typeorbiter Mission Duration11/13/2004 - 09/03/2006
Launch Date2003 Responsible AgencyESA

Instrument/Experiment Asteroid-Moon Micro-Imager Experiment
Acronym AMIE
Observation Category multi-band imagery
Measurement  
Resolution 5.3. degree FOV providing 1024 x 1024 pixel image with an average resolution of 80 m/pixel
Instrument Function study the moon's morphology, topography and surface texture
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Demonstration of a Compact Imaging X-ray Spectrometer
Acronym D-CIXS
Observation Category lunar geochemistry
Measurement absolute abundances of Fe, Mg, Si, and Al and other elements
Resolution 40 swept charge detectors cover0.5 to 10 keV, each with a 10 x 10 mm sensitive area and an energy resolution of 20eV FWHM
Instrument Function globally map the lunar surface composition utilizing X-ray fluorescence of the surface materials
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Radio Science Investigations
Acronym RSIS
Observation Category radio science investigations
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function study of the rotational state of the moon and the lunar libration
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment SMART-1 Infrared Spectrometer
Acronym SIR
Observation Category mineralogy
Measurement reflectance spectroscopy
Resolution 256 spectral channels in range from 930 - 2400 nm with spectral resolution of 60 nm and maximum spatial resolution of ~300 m
Instrument Function study lunar surface mineralogy
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Spacecraft Potential, Electron and Dust Experiment
Acronym SPEDE
Observation Category fields and particles
Measurement potential difference between sensor and spacecraft or measure electron flux
Resolution  
Instrument Function map the plasma density distribution around the Earth during the cruise phase and study the lunar plasma environment for orbit, particularly how the solar wind is coupled to the moon
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment X-ray Solar Monitor
Acronym XSM
Observation Category x-ray spectrometer
Measurement energy range 1-20 keV, 512 spectral channels
Resolution spectral resolution ~250eV at 6 keV (BOL, 350 eV at 6 keV (EOL)
Instrument Function measurement of solar x-ray spectrum simultaneously with D-CIXS moon imaging
Comments  




Surveyor 1

Mission Typelander Mission Duration5/30/1966 - 1/07/1967
Launch Date1966 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)

Instrument/Experiment Strain Gauge
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Television
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Comments  




Surveyor 2

Mission Typelander Mission Duration09/20/1966 - 09/23/1966
Launch Date1966 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)
CommentsCrashed near Copernicus (4.0S 11.0W)




Surveyor 3

Mission Typelander Mission Duration04/17/1967 - duration 65 hours
Launch Date1967 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)

Instrument/Experiment Soil Mechanics Surface Sampler
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Instrument/Experiment Television
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Surveyor 4

Mission Typelander Mission Duration07/14/1967-07/17/1967
Launch Date1967 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)
CommentsRadio contact lost




Surveyor 5

Mission Typelander Mission Duration09/08/1967-12/17/1967
Launch Date1967 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)




Surveyor 6

Mission Typelander Mission Duration11/07/1967-11/24/1967
Launch Date1967 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)




Surveyor 7

Mission Typelander Mission Duration01/07/1968, duration 36 hours- 21 minutes
Launch Date1968 Responsible AgencyNASA (USA)

Instrument/Experiment Alpha-Scattering Surface Analyzer
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Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Hardness and Bearing Strength of Lunar Surface
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Instrument/Experiment Soil Mechanics Surface Sampler
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Instrument/Experiment Television Photography
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Zond 3

Mission Typefly by Mission Duration07/18/1965-
Launch Date1965 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)

Instrument/Experiment Energetic Particles, MSU-TASPD
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution protons above 30 MeV
Instrument Function measured energetic (MeV) particles in the interplanetary medium
Comments  

Instrument/Experiment Photography
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Zond 4

Mission Typefly by Mission Duration07/18/1965-
Launch Date1965 Responsible AgencyUSSR

Instrument/Experiment Proton Detectors
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Zond 5

Mission Typefly by Mission Duration09/14/1968 - 09/21/1968
Launch Date1968 Responsible Agencyunknown (USSR)

Instrument/Experiment Proton Detectors
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Measurement  
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Comments  




Zond 6

Mission Typefly by Mission Duration11/10/1968 - 11/17/1968
Launch Date1968 Responsible AgencySoviet Academy of Sciences

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Photography
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Measurement  
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Zond 7

Mission Typefly by Mission Duration 08/07/1969 - 8/14/1969
Launch Date1969 Responsible AgencySoviet Academy of Sciences (USSR)

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Photography
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Measurement  
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Comments  




Zond 8

Mission Typefly by Mission Duration10/20/1970 - 10-27-1970
Launch Date1970 Responsible AgencySoviet Academy of Sciences (USSR)

Instrument/Experiment Lunar Photography
Acronym  
Observation Category  
Measurement  
Resolution  
Instrument Function  
Comments