Mare Moscoviense is the largest mare on the lunar farside in the area beyond the rim of the South Pole-Aitken Basin. The mare fills the ~210 km diameter inner ring of the Moscoviense impact basin, which is >445 km in diameter and possibly 550 km in diameter. The mare appears to be formed by at least three basalt eruptions. Crater densities measured by Haruyama et al. (2009) suggest one of those mare flows erupted ~3.5 billion years ago and that the youngest flow erupted ~2.57 billion years ago. This implies basalt eruptions occurred over a period of nearly 1 billion years. Many of the craters that puncture the mare are fresh looking and relatively young. Some craters, however, are nearly filled by the youngest mare flows, indicating that they were produced by impacting asteroids after the first lava flow erupted and before the last flow erupted. The mare surface is much younger than the surrounding basin highlands, which can easily be seen by the sharp contrast in crater densities on those different surfaces.
The imagery for this virtual flyover comes from the KAGUYA Terrain Camera (TC). The TC is a push-broom stereoscopic imager with forward-looking and aft-looking optical heads with slant angles of ± 15° from nadir. The spatial resolution of TC is 10 m/pixel from the KAGUYA nominal altitude of 100 km. The digital terrain model underlying the virtual flyover is derived from the TC stereoscopic imagery of the region. For more information about the Terrain Camera (TC) and other KAGUYA instruments please visit JAXA's KAGUYA website.
Provided by Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
Conditions for material usage
The copyright of all the materials including texts, illustrations, images, sounds and videos belongs to JAXA, unless noted otherwise, and are protected by the copyright law and international treaties. Please follow the conditions listed below for the use of these materials.
For more details, please inquire at:
- These materials can be used freely for personal use or educational activities such as school lessons. In other words, the materials can be used without JAXA's permission in terms of copyright law, if the usage is limited to academic study/educational activities and personal usage (e.g. activities such as printing out JAXA's materials from Digital Archives or saving them on a hard disc, etc. in order to use them in a class for a non-profitable educational organization such as schools or in limited purposes for personal, domestic and similar usages.)
- If the usage is for other purposes than the above Clause 1., please inquire at the Information Center JAXA i below.
- When high resolution data for printing purposes is preferred, please also inquire at the Information Center JAXA i below.
* Please note that there may be some materials which can not be provided as high resolution data.
- Materials related to specific persons such as astronauts can not be used without separate prior permission from JAXA in order to protect personal publicity/portrait rights.
- Please note that we may charge a fee for the usage of these materials for business or profit-making purposes.
- The JAXA logo is a registered trademark in Japan and other countries. It is not available for the general public to use unless prior permission is received from the trademark holder (JAXA).
- We strictly prohibit the use of JAXA's materials for the following purposes:
- To use them to support, recommend, abuse or injure a specific person, group or organization's activities.
- To use them for the purpose or in a form against public order and standards of decency.
- To use them in a manner to create misunderstanding about JAXA's activities and Japanese Space Development projects.
- To use them in a manner which may reduce the quality of the image or the trustworthiness of JAXA, or which may interfere with a specific person or organization's rights. (Note that this
includes using research results, including academic researching theses, from this web site as though they were your own results or treating them in a manner that could lead to misunderstanding.)
- Please indicate "(C) Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)", "(C) JAXA" or "Courtesy of JAXA" when using our material to clarify the source. However, when the material is credited as another organization's material or common copy-righted material between another organization and JAXA, please indicate both sources. (Ex.: (C) JAXA/NAOJ)
- If the material is provided by another organization apart from JAXA, we can not authorize its use. Please contact the respective organization for usage of such materials. (Ex.: NASA, etc.)
- Apart from placing a credit on the image, the modification of texts, illustrations, images, sound and videos is strictly prohibited. These modifications include the trimming of such materials (e.g. changing the ratio of length and width, cropping the image and making a collage of the original image, etc.) and changing or reversing image colors.
- If there is a note in the comment column for images or videos, please follow the directions written there.
- JAXA does not guaranty the reliability or safety of any material registered here. We are also not liable for any losses caused by using the registered materials.
- You can not freely distribute the materials available from JAXA's Digital Archives without JAXA's permission.
- Please refer to JAXA's web site policy for further details.
Information Center JAXA i
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
Marunouchi Kitaguchi Bldg, 1-6-5 Marunouchi,