Apollo 11 Mission
The Apollo 11 mission was the eleventh in a series of flights using Apollo flight hardware and was the first lunar landing of the Apollo Program. It was also the fifth manned flight of the command and service modules and the third flight of the lunar module. The purpose of the mission was to perform a manned lunar landing and return safely to Earth.
Mission Event List and Timeline
EVENT DATE & TIME (EST) MISSION TIME Launch July 16 08:32:00 am 00:00:00 Translunar injection 11:16:16 am 02:44:16 CSM-LM docking 11:56:03 am 03:24:03 Lunar orbit insertion July 19 12:21:50 pm 75:49:50 CSM-LM separation July 20 01:11:53 pm 100:39:53 Lunar landing 03:17:40 pm 102:45:40 Begin EVA 09:39:33 pm 109:07:33 First step on surface 09:56:15 pm 109:24:15 Lunar liftoff July 21 12:54:01 pm 124:22:01 LM-CSM docking 04:34:00 pm 128:03:00 Transearth injection 11:54:42 pm 135:23:42 Splashdown July 24 11:50:35 am 195:18:35
The 363-foot-tall Apollo 11 space vehicle was launched from Pad A, Launch Complex 39, Kennedy Space Center, at 8:32 a.m. EST, July 16, 1969. It was the United States' first lunar landing mission. The launch vehicle, AS-506, was the sixth in the Apollo Saturn V series and was the fourth manned Saturn V vehicle. After a 2½-hour checkout period, the spacecraft was injected into the translunar phase of the mission.
Very few changes were made to the Apollo 11 space vehicle from the Apollo 10 configuration. The most significant structural change was to the lunar module (LM). Added were provisions for the scientific experiments package and the Modular Equipment Storage Assembly (MESA), which housed the experiments and tools used during the lunar surface activities.
Neil Armstrong, Mission Commander, was born in Wapakoneta, Ohio, on August 5, 1930. He received a B.S. in aeronautical engineering from Purdue University in 1955, and an M.S. in aerospace engineering from the University of Southern California in 1970. He was selected with the second group of astronauts in September 1962. He was backup command pilot for Gemini 5, command pilot for Gemini 8, backup command pilot for Gemini 11, and backup commander for Apollo 8. As commander of Apollo 11 he became the first man to walk on the Moon. In July 1970 he became Deputy Association Administrator for Aeronautics at NASA, and retired in August of 1971.
|Michael Collins, Command Module Pilot, was born in Rome, Italy, on October 31, 1930. He received a B.S. from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York, in 1952 and was one of the third group of astronauts named in October 1963. He was backup pilot for Gemini 7 and pilot on Gemini 10. He was assigned to the Apollo 8 crew but was removed to undergo surgery. In January 1970, he resigned from NASA and the Air Force.|
|Edwin ("Buzz") Aldrin, Lunar Module Pilot, was born in Montclair, New Jersey, on January 20, 1930. He received a B.S. from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York, in 1951, and a Doctor of Science degree in Astronautics from MIT in 1963. He was one of the third group of astronauts named in October 1963. He was backup pilot for Gemini 9, pilot for Gemini 12, and backup command module pilot for Apollo 8. As the lunar module pilot on Apollo 11 he became the second man to walk on the Moon. He retired from NASA in July 1971.|
The Back-up Crew
The backup crew for Apollo 11 consisted of James A. Lovell (backup pilot for Gemini 4, pilot of Gemini 7, backup command pilot for Gemini 9, command pilot for Gemini 12, and command module pilot for Apollo 8) for the commander; William A. Anders (backup pilot for Gemini 11 and lunar module pilot on Apollo 8) for command module pilot; and Fred W. Haise (backup lunar module pilot for Apollo 8) for lunar module pilot.