Apollo 14 Mission
The Apollo 14 mission was the fourteenth in a series using Apollo flight hardware and achieved the third lunar landing. The objectives of the mission were to investigate the lunar surface near a preselected point in the Fra Mauro formation, deploy and activate an Apollo lunar surface experiments package, further develop the ability to work in the lunar environment, and obtain photographs of candidate exploration sites.
Mission Event List and Timeline
EVENT DATE & TIME (EST) MISSION TIME Launch January 31 04:03:02 pm 00:00:00 Translunar injection 06:37:34 pm 02:34:32 CSM-LM docking 09:00:02 pm 04:56:56 Lunar orbit insertion February 4 01:59:43 am 81:56:41 CSM-LM separation 11:50:44 pm 103:47:42 Lunar landing February 5 04:18:11 am 108:15:09 First EVA 09:42:13 am 113:39:11 Second EVA February 6 03:11:15 am 131:08:13 Lunar liftoff 01:48:42 pm 141:45:40 LM-CSM docking 03:35:53 pm 143:32:51 Transearth injection 08:39:04 pm 148:36:02 Splashdown February 9 04:05:00 pm 216:01:58
Fish-eye view of the launch of the 363-foot-tall Apollo 14 (Spacecraft No. 110/Lunar Module No. 8/Saturn No. 509) space vehicle from Pad A, Launch Complex 39, Kennedy Space Center, Florida, at 4:03:02 p.m., January 31, 1971. Because of unsatisfactory weather conditions, the launch was delayed about 40 minutes, for the first time in the Apollo program. This view of the liftoff was taken by a camera mounted on the mobile launch tower.
As a result of the problems on Apollo 13 and to support more extensive extravehicular operations, changes made to this mission were more numerous than for previous missions. In addition to the many changes to the CSM to prevent a repeat of the accident, the following changes were made to the LM: Support structures were added to the descent stage for attachment of the laser ranging retroreflector and the lunar portable magnetometer and a modular equipment transporter (see below) was added to the Modular Equipment Stowage Assembly (MESA).
Alan B. Shepard Jr., Mission Commander, was born on November 18, 1923, in East Derry, New Hampshire. He received a B.S. from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1944. He was chosen with the first group of astronauts in 1959 and became America's first man in space as the pilot of the Mercury 3 mission, Freedom 7. He was back-up pilot for Mercury 9 and then was grounded due to an inner ear ailment until May 7, 1969. He was commander of the Apollo 14 mission and the fifth man to walk on the Moon. In June 1971 he resumed duties as Chief of the Astronaut Office, the position he had held while grounded. He retired from NASA and the Navy August 1, 1974.
|Stuart A. Roosa, Command Module Pilot, was born on August 15, 1933, in Durango, Colorado. He received a B.S. in aeronautical engineering from the Universtiy of Colorado in 1960. He was chosen with the fifth group of astronauts in 1966. He was the back-up command module pilot for Apollo 14 and 16. He resigned from NASA on February 1, 1976.|
|Edgar D. Mitchell, Lunar Module Pilot, was born on September 14, 1930, in Hereford, Texas. He received a B.S. in Industrial Management from the Carnegie Institute of Technology in 1952. He also received a B.S. in aeronautical engineering from the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School in 1961 and a D.S. in aeronautics and astronautics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1964. He was chosen with the fifth group of astronauts in 1966, and was back-up lunar module pilot for Apollo 10 and Apollo 16. He was the sixth man to walk on the Moon. He retired from the Navy and NASA in October 1972.|
The Back-up Crew
The back-up crew members for Apollo 14 were Eugene A. Cernan (pilot on Gemini 9, back-up pilot for Gemini 12, back-up LM pilot for Apollo 7, and LM pilot for Apollo 10), back-up commander, Ronald E. Evans, back-up command module pilot, and Joe H. Engle, back-up lunar module pilot.