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Lunar Samples

Apollo Samples
Pictures and descriptions of rocks and soil collected by Apollo astronauts on the lunar surface and returned to Earth.

Luna Samples
Pictures and descriptions of rocks and soil retrieved by Luna sample return missions.

Overviews of Apollo samples are available through the links along the right margin.

Photographs of lunar samples are available in LPI’s Lunar Sample Atlas.  This library of images provides pictures of the Apollo samples taken in the Lunar Sample Laboratory, full-color views of the samples in microscopic thin-sections, cutting views and diagrams that illustrate how the samples were subdivided for scientific analyses, and in situ views of the samples on the lunar surface.  The atlas contains information about the type of sample (e.g., rock, soil), the lithology (e.g., basalt, norite), and a description of the sample.  Links to additional information about each sample are provided for those that have been previously described in The Lunar Sample Compendium and Lunar Sample Catalogs.  Version 1 of the atlas is being released in August 2009.  The process of scanning lunar sample images continues and the atlas will grow in the future.

Detailed descriptions of several samples are available courtesy of the Lunar Sample Curator’s office at NASA’s Johnson Space Center. The information was compiled by Charles Meyer in The Lunar Sample Compendium. Links to specific Apollo and Luna samples in Meyer’s compendium are also provided below in several different categories.



Lunar Samples by Category


BASALT

Lunar basalts are samples of extrusive lava flows of volcanic magma.

10003 10017 10020 10022 10024 10029
10031 10032 10044 10045 10047 10049
10050 10057 10058 10062 10069 10071
10072 10092 12002 12004 12005 12006
12007 12008 12009 12011 12012 12014
12015 12016 12017 12018 12019 12020
12021 12022 12031 12035 12036 12038
12039 12040 12043 12045 12046 12047
12051 12052 12053 12054 12055 12056
12061 12062 12063 12064 12065 12072
12075 12076 12077 14053 14071 14072
14073 14074 14077 14078 14079 14168
14181 14276 14310 15016 15058 15065
15075 15076 15085 15105 15115 15116
15117 15118 15119 15125 15256 15379
15380 15382 15385 15386 15387 15388
15475 15476 15485 15486 15495 15499
15529 15535 15536 15545 15546 15547
15555 15556 15557 15595 15596 15597
15598 15605 15606 15607 15608 15610
15614 15616 15620 15622 15623 15630
15633 15634 15636 15639 15641 15643
15647 15648 15649 15651 15658 15659
15661 15662 15663 15665 15666 15669
15672 15674 15675 15676 15678 15682
15683 15695 15696 15697 60639 61224
63549 64817 65055 65795 67559 67747
67948 70017 70035 70075 70135 70139
70147 70185 70215 70255 70275 70315
71035 71036 71037 71055 71065 71066
71069 71135 71136 71155 71175 71505
71509 71525 71536 71537 71539 71546
71548 71549 71555 71556 71557 71559
71565 71566 71567 71568 71569 71576
71577 71578 71586 71587 71588 71595
71596 72155 74235 74245 74255 74275
75015 75035 75055 75075 75085 76136
76537 76539 77516 77535 77536 78135
78505 78526 78535 78568 78575 78578
78585 78587 78595 78597 78598 78599
79155 79515 79516 Luna21020 Luna24170


BRECCIA

Lunar breccias are welded debris from impact craters.

10009 10018 10019 10021 10023 10025
10026 10027 10028 10046 10048 10056
10059 10060 10061 10063 10064 10065
10066 10067 10068 10070 10073 10074
10075 10082 10091 10093 10094 12010
12013 12034 12073 14006 14041 14042
14045 14047 14049 14051 14055 14056
14057 14059 14060 14061 14063 14064
14066 14068 14069 14070 14076 14082
14083 14169 14170 14171 14172 14173
14174 14175 14179 14255 14264 14265
14267 14268 14269 14270 14271 14272
14273 14274 14275 14277 14278 14280
14281 14301 14303 14304 14305 14306
14307 14309 14311 14312 14313 14314
14315 14316 14317 14318 14319 14320
14321 15015 15025 15027 15028 15059
15086 15095 15205 15206 15245 15255
15256 15257 15265 15266 15267 15285
15286 15287 15288 15289 15295 15297
15298 15299 15306 15307 15308 15315
15324 15325 15330 15356 15357 15359
15405 15418 15425 15435 15436 15445
15455 15459 15465 15466 15467 15468
15498 15505 15506 15508 15515 15558
15565 15698 60016 60017 60018 60019
60035 60075 60095 60115 60135 60235
60255 60275 60315 60335 60535 60615
60625 60626 60627 60635 60636 60637
60639 60645 60659 60666 60677 61015
61016 61135 61155 61156 61175 61195
61225 61295 61515 61516 61517 61518
61519 61525 61526 61527 61528 61529
61536 61546 61547 61548 61549 61568
61569 62235 62255 62295 63335 63355
63506 63507 63525 63526 63528 63529
63535 63538 63539 63545 63548 63549
63555 63556 63557 63559 63565 63566
63567 63568 63575 63576 63578 63585
63586 63587 63588 63595 63596 63597
63598 64425 64435 64455 64475 64476
64477 64478 64535 64536 64537 64538
64539 64545 64546 64547 64548 64549
64555 64556 64557 64558 64559 64566
64567 64568 64569 64576 64585 64815
64816 64818 64825 64826 64827 64828
64829 64835 64836 64837 65015 65016
65035 65055 65056 65075 65095 65357
65358 65515 65516 65517 65518 65519
65525 65715 65745 65757 65767 65777
65778 65779 65785 65786 65787 65905
65925 65926 65927 66035 66036 66037
66055 66075 66095 67015 67016 67025
67035 67055 67095 67115 67215 67235
67435 67455 67475 67485 67488 67515
67516 67517 67518 67519 67546 67549
67556 67565 67566 67567 67568 67569
67605 67615 67617 67626 67627 67628
67629 67647 67668 67685 67686 67687
67688 67695 67696 67697 67715 67716
67718 67719 67728 67729 67736 67739
67749 67756 67757 67759 67766 67769
67775 67915 67935 67945 67946 67947
67975 68115 68415 68516 68518 68519
68525 68526 68527 68535 68536 68815
68845 68846 68847 69935 69945 70018
70019 70175 70295 72135 72215 72235
72255 72275 72315 72335 72355 72375
72395 72435 72535 72539 72548 72555
72558 72735 72736 72738 73155 73215
73216 73217 73218 73235 73255 73275
74002 74115 76015 76035 76055 76135
76215 76235 76245 76246 76255 76275
76295 76315 76545 76565 76575 76577
77017 77035 77115 77135 77515 77517
77518 77519 77537 77538 77539 77545
78155 78526 78527 78546 78547 78548
78555 78568 79035 79115 79135 79175
79195 79215


PLUTONIC

Lunar plutonic rocks are coarsely-crystalline rocks of slowly-cooled deep-seated origin.

15362 15415 15445 15455 60015 60025
60055 60215 60515 60516 60517 60518
60519 60525 60526 60618 60619 60629
60639 60665 62236 62237 62275 65315
65325 65326 65327 65785 65789 67075
67415 67529 67635 67636 67637 67667
67746 67955 68035 68515 69955 72415
72559 73235 73255 76335 76535 76536
77075 77215 78235 78236 78238 78255


SOIL

Lunar soil is regolith material produced by meteorite bombardment with the lunar surface.

10002 10010 10084 10085 10086 12001
12003 12003 12023 12024 12029 12030
12032 12033 12037 12041 12042 12044
12057 12060 12070 14003 14141 14148
14149 14156 14163 14240 14259 14260
14425 15012 15013 15014 15017 15020
15030 15040 15071 15081 15091 15100
15201 15211 15221 15231 15241 15251
15261 15271 15291 15301 15311 15401
15410 15420 15425 15431 15471 15501
15507 15511 15531 15601 60050 60500
60600 61140 61160 61181 61221 61240
61281 61500 62231 62281 63320 63501
64420 64501 64801 65501 65701 65901
66031 66041 66081 67031 67461 67481
67601 67701 67941 68121 68501 68821
68841 69921 70011 70050 70060 70161
70170 70180 70181 70271 70311 71041
71131 71500 72131 72141 72150 72161
72221 72270 72320 72431 72441 72501
72701 73121 73131 73151 73211 73221
74111 74121 74220 74241 74250 75061
75081 75111 75121 76031 76121 76131
76221 76240 76321 76330 76501 77210
77531 78121 78221 78231 78250 78421
78440 78460 78480 78501 79121 79170
79221 79240 79260 Luna 16 Core Luna 20 Core Luna21020
Luna24170 Luna 24 Core


CORE

There is a total of 54 feet of core samples collected from the top of the lunar regolith.

10004 10005 12026 12027 12028 14210
14211 14220 14230 15007 15009 15010
60010 60014 64002 68001 68002 69001
70009 70012 73001 74002 76001 79002
A15 Drill A16 Drill A17 Drill Drill Core Drive Tubes Hardware
Luna 16 Core Luna 20 Core Luna 24 Core


SCR

These samples were used for depth profile studies of cosmic ray produced nuclides.

10017 12002 12054 14310 64455 68815
74275 79215 A15 Drill


THIN SECTIONS

These samples are the ones included in the Educational Petrographic Thin Section Sets.

12002 12005 14305 15299 60025 65015
70017 70180 72275 74220 75061 75081
78235


DISPLAY

About 70 lunar samples are on public display around the world, including:

10017 10020 10045 10047 10057 10072
12006 12018 12022 12047 12053 12055
12065 14305 14310 14311 14321 15015
15016 15058 15075 15459 15499 15555
15616 60015 60016 60025 61016 66075
67016 67455 67915 70017 70035 70215
72275 74255 75015 76015 76055 77035
79155


APOLLO11

These samples were collected during the Apollo 11 mission.

10002 10003 10004 10005 10009 10010
10017 10018 10019 10020 10021 10022
10023 10024 10025 10026 10027 10028
10029 10031 10032 10044 10045 10046
10047 10048 10049 10050 10056 10057
10058 10059 10060 10061 10062 10063
10064 10065 10066 10067 10068 10069
10070 10071 10072 10073 10074 10075
10082 10084 10085 10086 10091 10092
10093 10094


APOLLO12

These samples were collected during the Apollo 12 mission.

12001 12002 12003 12003 12004 12005
12006 12007 12008 12009 12010 12011
12012 12013 12014 12015 12016 12017
12018 12019 12020 12021 12022 12023
12024 12026 12027 12028 12029 12030
12031 12032 12033 12034 12035 12036
12037 12038 12039 12040 12041 12042
12043 12044 12045 12046 12047 12051
12052 12053 12054 12055 12056 12057
12060 12061 12062 12063 12064 12065
12070 12072 12073 12075 12076 12077


APOLLO14

These samples were collected during the Apollo 14 mission.

14003 14006 14041 14042 14045 14047
14049 14051 14053 14055 14056 14057
14059 14060 14061 14063 14064 14066
14068 14069 14070 14071 14072 14073
14074 14076 14077 14078 14079 14082
14083 14141 14148 14149 14156 14163
14168 14169 14170 14171 14172 14173
14174 14175 14179 14181 14210 14211
14220 14230 14240 14255 14259 14260
14264 14265 14267 14268 14269 14270
14271 14272 14273 14274 14275 14276
14277 14278 14280 14281 14301 14303
14304 14305 14306 14307 14309 14310
14311 14312 14313 14314 14315 14316
14317 14318 14319 14320 14321 14425


APOLLO15

These samples were collected during the Apollo 15 mission.

15007 15009 15010 15012 15013 15014
15015 15016 15017 15020 15025 15027
15028 15030 15040 15058 15059 15065
15071 15075 15076 15081 15085 15086
15091 15095 15100 15105 15115 15116
15117 15118 15119 15125 15201 15205
15206 15211 15221 15231 15241 15245
15251 15255 15256 15257 15261 15265
15266 15267 15271 15285 15286 15287
15288 15289 15291 15295 15297 15298
15299 15301 15306 15307 15308 15311
15315 15324 15325 15330 15356 15357
15358 15359 15362 15379 15380 15382
15385 15386 15387 15388 15401 15405
15410 15415 15418 15420 15425 15431
15435 15436 15445 15455 15459 15465
15466 15467 15468 15471 15475 15476
15485 15486 15495 15498 15499 15501
15505 15506 15507 15508 15511 15515
15529 15531 15535 15536 15545 15546
15547 15555 15556 15557 15558 15565
15595 15596 15597 15598 15601 15605
15606 15607 15608 15610 15614 15616
15620 15622 15623 15630 15633 15634
15636 15639 15641 15643 15647 15648
15649 15651 15658 15659 15661 15662
15663 15665 15666 15669 15672 15674
15675 15676 15678 15682 15683 15695
15696 15697 15698 A15 Drill


APOLLO16

These samples were collected during the Apollo 16 mission.

60010 60014 60015 60016 60017 60018
60019 60025 60035 60050 60055 60075
60095 60115 60135 60215 60235 60255
60275 60315 60335 60500 60515 60516
60517 60518 60519 60525 60526 60535
60600 60615 60618 60619 60625 60626
60627 60629 60635 60636 60637 60639
60645 60659 60665 60666 60677 61015
61016 61135 61140 61155 61156 61160
61175 61181 61195 61221 61224 61225
61240 61281 61295 61500 61515 61516
61517 61518 61519 61525 61526 61527
61528 61529 61536 61546 61547 61548
61549 61568 61569 62231 62235 62236
62237 62255 62275 62281 62295 63320
63335 63355 63501 63506 63507 63525
63526 63528 63529 63535 63538 63539
63545 63548 63549 63555 63556 63557
63559 63565 63566 63567 63568 63575
63576 63578 63585 63586 63587 63588
63595 63596 63597 63598 64002 64420
64425 64435 64455 64475 64476 64477
64478 64501 64535 64536 64537 64538
64539 64545 64546 64547 64548 64549
64555 64556 64557 64558 64559 64566
64567 64568 64569 64576 64585 64801
64815 64816 64817 64818 64825 64826
64827 64828 64829 64835 64836 64837
65015 65016 65035 65055 65056 65075
65095 65315 65325 65326 65327 65357
65358 65501 65515 65516 65517 65518
65519 65525 65701 65715 65745 65757
65767 65777 65778 65779 65785 65786
65787 65789 65795 65901 65905 65925
65926 65927 66031 66035 66036 66037
66041 66055 66075 66081 66095 67015
67016 67025 67031 67035 67055 67075
67095 67115 67215 67235 67415 67435
67455 67461 67475 67481 67485 67488
67515 67516 67517 67518 67519 67529
67546 67549 67556 67559 67565 67566
67567 67568 67569 67601 67605 67615
67617 67626 67627 67628 67629 67635
67636 67637 67647 67667 67668 67685
67686 67687 67688 67695 67696 67697
67701 67715 67716 67718 67719 67728
67729 67736 67739 67746 67747 67749
67756 67757 67759 67766 67769 67775
67915 67935 67941 67945 67946 67947
67948 67955 67975 68001 68002 68035
68115 68121 68415 68501 68515 68516
68518 68519 68525 68526 68527 68535
68536 68815 68821 68841 68845 68846
68847 69001 69921 69935 69945 69955
A16 Drill


APOLLO17

These samples were collected during the Apollo 17 mission.

70009 70011 70012 70017 70018 70019
70035 70050 70060 70075 70135 70139
70147 70161 70170 70175 70180 70181
70185 70215 70255 70271 70275 70295
70311 70315 71035 71036 71037 71041
71055 71065 71066 71069 71131 71135
71136 71155 71175 71500 71505 71509
71525 71536 71537 71539 71546 71548
71549 71555 71556 71557 71559 71565
71566 71567 71568 71569 71576 71577
71578 71586 71587 71588 71595 71596
72131 72135 72141 72150 72155 72161
72215 72221 72235 72255 72270 72275
72315 72320 72335 72355 72375 72395
72415 72431 72435 72441 72501 72535
72539 72548 72555 72558 72559 72701
72735 72736 72738 73001 73121 73131
73151 73155 73211 73215 73216 73217
73218 73221 73235 73255 73275 74002
74111 74115 74121 74220 74235 74241
74245 74246 74250 74255 74275 75015
75035 75055 75061 75075 75081 75085
75111 75121 76001 76015 76031 76035
76055 76121 76131 76135 76136 76215
76221 76235 76240 76245 76246 76255
76275 76295 76315 76321 76330 76335
76501 76535 76536 76537 76539 76545
76565 76575 76577 77017 77035 77075
77115 77135 77210 77215 77515 77516
77517 77518 77519 77531 77535 77536
77537 77538 77539 77545 78121 78135
78155 78221 78231 78235 78236 78238
78250 78255 78421 78440 78460 78480
78501 78505 78526 78527 78535 78546
78547 78548 78555 78568 78575 78578
78585 78587 78595 78597 78598 78599
79002 79035 79115 79121 79135 79155
79170 79175 79195 79215 79221 79240
79260 79515 79516 A17 Drill


LUNA

These samples were collected by the Russian Luna robotic missions.

Luna 16 Core Luna 20 Core Luna21020 Luna24170
Luna 24 Core


Lunar Receiving Laboratory

Lunar Receiving Laboratory Project History (2004)
NASA-CR-2004-208938, S. Mangus and W. Larsen, 76 pages.

Apollo Sample Catalogues

Apollo-11 Lunar Sample Information Catalogue (Revised 1977)
F.E. Kramer et al., JSC Publication 12522.

Introduction to the Apollo Collections: Part I - Igneous Rocks (1977)
P.E. McGee et al., LPI Contribution No. 269, 101 pages.

Apollo 14 Rock Samples (1978)
I.C. Carlson and W.J.A. Walton Jr., JSC Publication 14240.

Introduction to the Apollo Collections:  Part II – Lunar Breccias (1979)
P.E. McGee et al., 221 pages.

Apollo 16 Special Samples
F. Hörz et al., 101 pages.

Catalog of Apollo 16 Rocks Part 1, 60015-62315 (1980)
G. Ryder and M. D. Norman, Curatorial Branch Publication 52, JSC Publication 16904.

Catalog of Apollo 16 Rocks Part 2, 63335-66095 (1980)
G. Ryder and M. D. Norman, Curatorial Branch Publication 52, JSC Publication 16904.

Catalog of Apollo 16 Rocks Part 3, 67015-69965 (1980)
G. Ryder and M. D. Norman, Curatorial Branch Publication 52, JSC Publication 16904.

Regolith Breccia Workbook (1983)
By R. M. Fruland, Planetary Materials Branch Publication 66, JSC
Publication 19045, 269 pages

Handbook of Lunar Soils (1983)
R. V. Morris et al., Planetary Materials Branch Publication 67, JSC Publication 19069.

Catalog of Apollo 15 Rocks Part 1. 15015-15299 (1985)
G. Ryder, Curatorial Branch Publication 72, JSC Publication 20787.

Catalog of Apollo 15 Rocks Part 2. 15306-15468 (1985)
G. Ryder, Curatorial Branch Publication 72, JSC Publication 20787.

Catalog of Apollo 15 Rocks Part 3. 15475-15698 (1985)
G. Ryder, Curatorial Branch Publication 72, JSC Publication 20787.

Catalog of Apollo 17 Rocks Volume 1 - Stations 2 and 3 (South Massif)
Ryder, G., JSC-26088

Catalog of Apollo 17 Rocks Volume 2 - Central Valley, Part 1
Neal, C. R. and L. A. Taylor, JSC-26088

Catalog of Apollo 17 Rocks Volume 3 - Central Valley, Part 2
Neal, C. R. and L. A. Taylor, JSC-26088

Catalog of Apollo 17 Rocks Volume 4 - North Massif
Meyer, C., JSC-26088

Lunar Soils Grain Size Catalog (1993)
J.C. Graf, NASA Reference Publication 1265
Front Matter
Apollo 11 soils
Apollo 12 soils
Apollo 14 soils
Apollo 15 soils
Luna 24 soils
Apollo 16 soils
Apollo 17 soils
Bibliography
To download complete volume (117 MB), click here.

Lunar Petrographic Thin Section Set

Lunar Petrographic Thin Section Set (2003)
Charles Meyer, 67 pages. (Digitized version of the booklet that accompanies the educational thin section set available from the Lunar Sample Curator’s office.)

Additional images of the Lunar Petrographic Thin-Section Set 
Kurt Hollocher, Union College

Lunar Simulants

Guide to Using Lunar Soil and Simulants for Experimentation (1985) 
In Lunar Bases, J. H. Allton et al., 10 pages.

JSC-1: A New Lunar Soil Simulant

Lunar Regolith Simulant Materials Workshop (2004)

Development of New Lunar Simulants JSC-1A and JSC-1AF (2007)

Design and Specifications for the Highland Regolith Prototype Simulants NU-LHT-1M and -2M (August 2010)
NASA TM 2010_216438

Generation of Requirements for Simulant Measurements
NASA/TM-2010-216445 (update in September 2010)
This document provides a formal, logical explanation of the parameters selected for the Figure of Merit algorithm used to evaluate lunar regolith simulant. The objectives, requirements, assumptions and analysis behind the parameters is provided.

Figure of Merit Characteristics Compared to Engineering Parameters
NASA/TM-2010-216443 (update in September 2010)

Preliminary Geological Findings on the BP-1 Simulant
NASA/TM-2010-216444 (update in September 2010)

Thermal Optical Properties of Lunar Dust Simulants and their Constituents (2011)
J. R. Gaier et al., NASA TM 2011-217232, 20 pages.

Future Sample Requirements

Curation of Geological Materials at a Lunar Outpost (1993)
A.H. Treiman, Office of Curator Publication #87, JSC-26194, 29 pages.

Lunar EVA Sample Mass (2007)
D.A. Kring, 13 page briefing.

Workshop on Architecture Issues Associated with Sampling (2007)
NASA, NP-2009-00-000-HQ, 62 pages.

Analysis of Lunar Sample Mass Capability for the Lunar Exploration Architecture (2007)
Curation and Analysis Planning Team for Extraterrestrial Materials (CAPTEM), 14 pages.

Science Challenges of Lunar Sample Return: Workshop Outcomes & Recommendations (2014)
J. Carpenter et al., 19 pages.

Lunar Sample Glossary

Glossary of Lunar Sample Terms (1974)
A.M. Reid et al., NASA Johnson Space Center, 32 pages.

 

Image of a Lunar sample