Lunar and Planetary Institute






Lunar Samples

Apollo Samples
Pictures and descriptions of rocks and soil collected by Apollo astronauts on the lunar surface and returned to Earth.

Luna Samples
Pictures and descriptions of rocks and soil retrieved by Luna sample return missions.

Overviews of Apollo samples are available through the links along the right margin.

Photographs of lunar samples are available in LPI’s Lunar Sample Atlas.  This library of images provides pictures of the Apollo samples taken in the Lunar Sample Laboratory, full-color views of the samples in microscopic thin-sections, cutting views and diagrams that illustrate how the samples were subdivided for scientific analyses, and in situ views of the samples on the lunar surface.  The atlas contains information about the type of sample (e.g., rock, soil), the lithology (e.g., basalt, norite), and a description of the sample.  Links to additional information about each sample are provided for those that have been previously described in The Lunar Sample Compendium and Lunar Sample Catalogs.  Version 1 of the atlas is being released in August 2009.  The process of scanning lunar sample images continues and the atlas will grow in the future.

Detailed descriptions of several samples are available courtesy of the Lunar Sample Curator’s office at NASA’s Johnson Space Center. The information was compiled by Charles Meyer in The Lunar Sample Compendium. Links to specific Apollo and Luna samples in Meyer’s compendium are also provided below in several different categories.



Lunar Samples by Category


BASALT

Lunar basalts are samples of extrusive
lava flows of volcanic magma.

10003 10017 10020 10022 10024 10029
10031 10032 10044 10045 10047 10049
10050 10057 10058 10062 10069 10071
10072 10092 12002 12004 12005 12006
12007 12008 12009 12011 12012 12014
12015 12016 12017 12018 12019 12020
12021 12022 12031 12035 12036 12038
12039 12040 12043 12045 12046 12047
12051 12052 12053 12054 12055 12056
12061 12062 12063 12064 12065 12072
12075 12076 12077 14053 14071 14072
14073 14074 14077 14078 14079 14168
14181 14276 14310 15016 15058 15065
15075 15076 15085 15105 15115 15116
15117 15118 15119 15125 15256 15259
15379 15380 15382 15385 15386 15387
15388 15475 15476 15485 15486 15495
15499 15529 15535 15536 15545 15546
15547 15555 15556 15557 15595 15596
15597 15598 15605 15606 15607 15608
15610 15614 15616 15620 15622 15623
15630 15633 15634 15636 15639 15641
15643 15647 15648 15649 15651 15658
15659 15661 15662 15633 15663 15665
15666 15669 15672 15674 15675 15676
15678 15682 15683 15695 15696 15697
60639 61224 63549 64817 65055 65795
67559 67747 67948 70017 70035 70075
70135 70139 70147 70185 70215 70255
70275 70315 71035 71036 71037 71055
71065 71066 71069 71135 71136 71155
71175 71505 71509 71525 71536 71537
71539 71546 71548 71549 71555 71556
71557 71559 71565 71566 71567 71568
71569 71576 71577 71578 71586 71587
71588 71595 71596 72155 74235 74245
74255 74275 75015 75035 75055 75075
75085 76136 76537 76539 77516 77535
77536 78135 78505 78526 78535 78568
78575 78578 78585 78587 78595 78597
78598 78599 79155 79515 79516 Luna16B1
Luna21020 Luna24170


BRECCIA

Lunar breccias are welded debris from impact craters.

10009 10018 10019 10021 10023 10025
10026 10027 10028 10046 10048 10056
10059 10060 10061 10063 10064 10065
10066 10067 10068 10070 10073 10074
10075 10082 10091 10093 10094 12010
12013 12034 12073 14006 14041 14042
14045 14047 14049 14051 14055 14056
14057 14059 14060 14061 14063 14064
14066 14068 14069 14070 14076 14082
14083 14169 14170 14171 14172 14173
14174 14175 14179 14255 14264 14265
14267 14268 14269 14270 14271 14272
14273 14274 14275 14277 14278 14280
14281 14301 14303 14304 14305 14306
14307 14309 14311 14312 14313 14314
14315 14316 14317 14318 14319 14320
14321 15015 15025 15027 15028 15059
15086 15095 15205 15206 15245 15255
15256 15257 15265 15266 15267 15285
15286 15287 15288 15289 15295 15297
15298 15299 15306 15307 15308 15315
15324 15325 15330 15356 15357 15359
15405 15418 15425 15435 15436 15445
15455 15459 15466 15467 15468 15498
15505 15506 15508 15515 15698 15558
15565 60016 60017 60018 60019 60035
60075 60095 60115 60135 60235 60255
60275 60315 60335 60535 60615 60625
60626 60627 60635 60636 60637 60639
60645 60659 60666 60677 61015 61016
61135 61155 61156 61175 61195 61225
61295 61515 61516 61517 61518 61519
61525 61526 61527 61528 61529 61536
61546 61547 61548 61549 61568 61569
62235 62255 62295 63335 63355 63506
63507 63525 63526 63528 63529 63535
63538 63539 63545 63548 63549 63555
63556 63557 63559 63565 63566 63567
63568 63575 63576 63578 63585 63586
63587 63588 63595 63596 63597 63598
64425 64435 64455 64475 64476 64477
64478 64535 64536 64537 64538 64539
64545 64546 64547 64548 64549 64555
64566 64557 64558 64559 64566 64567
64568 64569 64576 64585 64815 64816
64818 64825 64826 64827 64828 64829
64835 64836 64837 65015 65016 65035
65055 65056 65075 65095 65357 65358
65515 65516 65517 65518 65519 65525
65715 65745 65757 65767 65777 65778
65779 65785 65786 65787 65905 65926
65927 66035 66036 66037 66055 66075
66095 67015 67016 67025 67035 67055
67095 67115 67215 67235 67435 67455
67475 67485 67488 67515 67516 67517
67518 67519 67546 67549 67556 67565
67566 67567 67568 67569 67605 67615
67616 67617 67626 67627 67628 67629
67647 67668 67685 67686 67687 67688
67695 67696 67697 67715 67716 67718
67719 67728 67729 67736 67739 67749
67756 67757 67759 67766 67769 67775
67915 67935 67945 67946 67947 67975
68115 68415 68516 68518 68519 68525
68527 68535 68536 68815 68845 68846
68847 69935 69945 70018 70019 70295
70175 71175 72135 72215 72235 72255
72275 72315 72335 72355 72375 72395
72435 72535 72539 72548 72555 72558
72735 72736 72738 73155 73215 73216
73217 73218 73235 73255 73275 74002
74115 76015 76035 76055 76135 76215
76235 76245 76246 76255 76295 76315
76545 76565 76575 76577 77017 77035
77115 77135 77515 77517 77518 77519
77537 77538 77539 77545 78155 78526
78527 78546 78547 78548 78555 78568
79035 79115 79135 79135 79175 79195
79215    

PLUTONIC

Lunar plutonic rocks are coarsely crystalline
rocks of slowly cooled deep-seated origin.

15362 15415 15445 15455 60015 60025
60055 600215 60515 60516 60517 60518
60519 60525 60526 60618 60619 60629
60639 60665 62236 62237 62275 65315
65325 65326 65327 65785 65789 67075
67415 67529 67635 67636 67637 67667
67746 67955 68035 68515 69955 72415
72559 73235 73255 76335 76535 76536
77075 77215 78235 78236 78238 78255

SOIL

Lunar soil is regolith material produced by meteorite bombardment with the lunar surface.

10002 10010 10084 10085 10086 12001
12003 12023 12024 12029 12030 12032
12033 12037 12041 12042 12044 12057
12060 12070 14003 14141 14148 14149
14156 14163 14240 14259 14260 14425
15012 15013 15014 15017 15020 15030
15040 15071 15081 15091 15100 15201
15211 15221 15231 15241 15251 15261
15271 15291 15301 15311 15401 15410
15420 15425 15431 15471 15501 15507
15511 15531 15601 60050 60500 60600
61140 61160 61181 61220 61221 61240
61281 61500 62231 62281 63320 63340
63501 64420 64501 64801 65501 65701
65901 66031 66041 66081 67031 67461
67481 67601 67701 67940 67941 68121
68501 68821 68841 69920 69921 70011
70050 70060 70161 70170 70180 70181
70271 70311 71041 71131 71500 72131
72141 72150 72161 72221 72270 72320
72431 72441 72501 72701 73121 73131
73151 73211 73221 74111 74121 74220
74241 74250 75061 75081 75111 75121
76031 76121 76131 76221 76240 76321
76330 76501 77210 77531 78121 78221
78231 78250 78421 78440 78460 78480
78501 79121 79170 79221 Luna16 Core Luna20 Core
Luna21020 Luna24 Core Luna24170

CORE

A total of 54 feet of core samples has been
collected from the top of the lunar regolith.

10004 10005 12026 12027 12028 14210
14211 14220 14230 15007 15009 15010
60010 60014 64002 68001 68002 69001
70009 70012 73001 74002 76001 79002
A15drill A16drill A17drill Drillcore Drive_tubes Hardware
Luna16 Core Luna20 Core Luna24 Core  
   

SCR

These samples were used for depth-profile
studies of cosmic-ray-produced nuclides.

10017 12002 12054 14310 64455 68815
74275 79215 A15drill

THIN SECTIONS

These samples are the ones included in the
Educational Petrographic Thin Section Sets.

12002 12005 14305 15299 60025 65015
70017 70180 72275 74220 75061 75081
78235          

DISPLAY

About 70 lunar samples are on public display around the world, including:

10017 10020 10045 10047 10057 10072
12006 12018 12022 12047 12053 12055
12065 14305 14310 14311 14321 15015
15016 15058 15075 15459 15499 15555
15616 60015 60016 60025 61016 66075
67016 67455 67915 70017 70035 70215
72275 74255 75015 76015 76055 77035
79155

APOLLO 11

These samples were collected during the Apollo 11 mission.

10003 10004 10005 10010 10017 10020
10022 10024 10029 10031 10032 10044
10045 10046 10047 10048 10049 10050
10057 10058 10060 10062 10063 10065
10068 10069 10071 10072 10084 10085
10086 10092        

APOLLO 12

These samples were collected during the Apollo 12 mission.

12002 12004 12005 12006 12007 12008
12009 12010 12011 12012 12013 12014
12015 12016 12017 12018 12019 12020
12021 12022 12027 12031 12034 12035
12036 12038 12039 12040 12043 12045
12046 12047 12051 12052 12053 12054
12055 12056 12061 12062 12063 12064
12065 12072 12073 12075 12076 12077

APOLLO 14

These samples were collected during the Apollo 14 mission.

14053 14071 14076 14141 14148 14149
14156 14163 14210 14211 14220 14230
14240 14259 14301 14303 14304 14305
14306 14310 14311 14321 14425  

APOLLO 15

These samples were collected during the Apollo 15 mission.

15007 15009 15010 15012 15013 15014
15015 15016 15020 15030 15040 15058
15059 15065 15071 15075 15076 15081
15085 15091 15100 15105 15115 15116
15117 15118 15119 15125 15201 15205
15206 15211 15231 15241 15251 15256
15260 15261 15271 15291 15295 15298
15299 15301 15307 15308 15311 15356
15357 15359 15362 15379 15380 15382
15385 15386 15387 15388 15401 15405
15410 15415 15418 15420 15425 15431
15435 15436 15445 15455 15459 15471
15475 15476 15485 15486 15495 15499
15501 15511 15529 15531 15535 15536
15545 15546 15547 15555 15556 15557
15565 15595 15596 15597 15598 15601
15605 15606 15607 15608 15610 15614
15616 15620 15622 15623 15630 15633
15634 15639 15641 15643 15647 15648
15649 15651 15658 15659 15661 15662
15663 15665 15666 15669 15659 15674
15675 15676 15678 15682 15683 15695
15696 15697 A15 Drill    

APOLLO 16

These samples were collected during the Apollo 16 mission.

60010 60014 60015 60016 60017 60019
60025 60035 60050 60055 60095 60135
60235 60255 60275 60315 60335 60500
60600 60615 60618 60619 60625 60639
60665 61015 61016 61135 61175 61221
61181 61195 61220 61240 61281 61295
61500 62231 62235 62236 62237 62255
62275 62281 62295 63320 63335 63340
63355 63501 63549 63596 64002 64420
64425 64435 64455 64475 64501 64535
64568 64576 64801 65015 65016 65035
65055 65095 65315 65325 65501 65701
65785 65901 66031 66035 66041 66055
66075 66095 67016 67075 67095 67455
67635 67636 67637 67667 67915 67935
67940 67955 67975 68002 68415 68815
69920 69935 69945 69955 A16drill

APOLLO 17

These samples were collected during the Apollo 17 mission.

70009 70011 70017 70035 70050 70060
70135 70161 70170 70180 70181 70215
70255 70271 70311 71035 71036 71037
71041 71055 71131 71500 72131 72150
72161 72215 72221 72235 72255 72270
72275 72315 72320 72335 72355 72395
72415 72431 72435 72441 72501 72535
72559 72701 73121 73131 73151 73211
73215 73216 73217 73221 73235 73255
73275 74111 74121 74220 74241 74250
74255 74275 75015 75035 75055 75075
75081 75085 75111 75121 76001 76015
76031 76035 76055 76121 76131 76135
76215 76221 76235 76240 76255 76295
76315 76321 76330 76501 76535 77017
77035 77075 77115 77135 77210 77215
77531 78121 78155 78221 78231 78235
78236 78238 78255 78421 78501 78527
79002 79121 79155 79170 79215 79221
A17drill        

LUNA

These samples were collected by the
Soviet Luna robotic missions.

Luna16 Core Luna20 Core Luna24 Core Luna24170

Lunar Receiving Laboratory

Lunar Receiving Laboratory Project History (2004)
NASA-CR-2004-208938, S. Mangus and W. Larsen, 76 pages.

Apollo Sample Catalogues

Apollo-11 Lunar Sample Information Catalogue (Revised 1977)
F.E. Kramer et al., JSC Publication 12522.

Introduction to the Apollo Collections: Part I - Igneous Rocks (1977)
P.E. McGee et al., LPI Contribution No. 269, 101 pages.

Apollo 14 Rock Samples (1978)
I.C. Carlson and W.J.A. Walton Jr., JSC Publication 14240.

Introduction to the Apollo Collections:  Part II – Lunar Breccias (1979)
P.E. McGee et al., 221 pages.

Catalog of Apollo 16 Rocks Part 1, 60015-62315 (1980)
G. Ryder and M. D. Norman, Curatorial Branch Publication 52, JSC Publication 16904.

Catalog of Apollo 16 Rocks Part 2, 63335-66095 (1980)
G. Ryder and M. D. Norman, Curatorial Branch Publication 52, JSC Publication 16904.

Catalog of Apollo 16 Rocks Part 3, 67015-69965 (1980)
G. Ryder and M. D. Norman, Curatorial Branch Publication 52, JSC Publication 16904.

Regolith Breccia Workbook (1983)
By R. M. Fruland, Planetary Materials Branch Publication 66, JSC
Publication 19045, 269 pages

Handbook of Lunar Soils (1983)
R. V. Morris et al., Planetary Materials Branch Publication 67, JSC Publication 19069.

Catalog of Apollo 15 Rocks Part 1. 15015-15299 (1985)
G. Ryder, Curatorial Branch Publication 72, JSC Publication 20787.

Catalog of Apollo 15 Rocks Part 2. 15306-15468 (1985)
G. Ryder, Curatorial Branch Publication 72, JSC Publication 20787.

Catalog of Apollo 15 Rocks Part 3. 15475-15698 (1985)
G. Ryder, Curatorial Branch Publication 72, JSC Publication 20787.

Catalog of Apollo 17 Rocks Volume 1 - Stations 2 and 3 (South Massif)
Ryder, G., JSC-26088

Catalog of Apollo 17 Rocks Volume 2 - Central Valley, Part 1
Neal, C. R. and L. A. Taylor, JSC-26088

Catalog of Apollo 17 Rocks Volume 3 - Central Valley, Part 2
Neal, C. R. and L. A. Taylor, JSC-26088

Catalog of Apollo 17 Rocks Volume 4 - North Massif
Meyer, C., JSC-26088

Lunar Soils Grain Size Catalog (1993)
J.C. Graf, NASA Reference Publication 1265
Front Matter
Apollo 11 soils
Apollo 12 soils
Apollo 14 soils
Apollo 15 soils
Luna 24 soils
Apollo 16 soils
Apollo 17 soils
Bibliography
To download complete volume (117 MB), click here.

Lunar Petrographic Thin Section Set

Lunar Petrographic Thin Section Set (2003)
Charles Meyer, 67 pages. (Digitized version of the booklet that accompanies the educational thin section set available from the Lunar Sample Curator’s office.)

Additional images of the Lunar Petrographic Thin-Section Set 
Kurt Hollocher, Union College

Lunar Simulants

Guide to Using Lunar Soil and Simulants for Experimentation (1985) 
In Lunar Bases, J. H. Allton et al., 10 pages.

JSC-1: A New Lunar Soil Simulant

Lunar Regolith Simulant Materials Workshop (2004)

Development of New Lunar Simulants JSC-1A and JSC-1AF (2007)

Design and Specifications for the Highland Regolith Prototype Simulants NU-LHT-1M and -2M (August 2010)
NASA TM 2010_216438

Generation of Requirements for Simulant Measurements
NASA/TM-2010-216445 (update in September 2010)
This document provides a formal, logical explanation of the parameters selected for the Figure of Merit algorithm used to evaluate lunar regolith simulant. The objectives, requirements, assumptions and analysis behind the parameters is provided.

Figure of Merit Characteristics Compared to Engineering Parameters
NASA/TM-2010-216443 (update in September 2010)

Preliminary Geological Findings on the BP-1 Simulant
NASA/TM-2010-216444 (update in September 2010)

Thermal Optical Properties of Lunar Dust Simulants and their Constituents (2011)
J. R. Gaier et al., NASA TM 2011-217232, 20 pages.

Future Sample Requirements

Curation of Geological Materials at a Lunar Outpost (1993)
A.H. Treiman, Office of Curator Publication #87, JSC-26194, 29 pages.

Lunar EVA Sample Mass (2007)
D.A. Kring, 13 page briefing.

Workshop on Architecture Issues Associated with Sampling (2007)
NASA, NP-2009-00-000-HQ, 62 pages.

Analysis of Lunar Sample Mass Capability for the Lunar Exploration Architecture (2007)
Curation and Analysis Planning Team for Extraterrestrial Materials (CAPTEM), 14 pages.

Science Challenges of Lunar Sample Return: Workshop Outcomes & Recommendations (2014)
J. Carpenter et al., 19 pages.

Lunar Sample Glossary

Glossary of Lunar Sample Terms (1974)
A.M. Reid et al., NASA Johnson Space Center, 32 pages.

 

Image of a Lunar sample