Galileo Saw Jupiter's Rings, Too
I. J. Daubar, M. E. Ockert-Bell, J. A. Burns, J. F. Veverka, and P. Thomas (Cornell Univ.), M. Belton (NOAO), K. Klaasen (JPL), Galileo Imaging Team
Because of better spatial resolution, different phase coverage, and superior signal-to-noise, Galileo's thirteen clear images of Jupiter's ring system taken during a single pass through the planet's shadow improve substantially upon Voyager data. In addition two Adrastea images fortuitously included the rings at phase angles around .
By assuming a circular and equatorial main ring, and using the position of a star found in one ansa image, we fix the main ring's outer radius at km, slightly less than Voyager's value of km, and very close to Adrastea's orbit (128980 km). The ring's halo rises gradually starting near the 3:2 vertical Lorentz resonance at 122733 km. The gossamer ring, discovered in a single Voyager image, is clearly visible out to the frame's edge at 2.3 .
The main ring exhibits a marked drop in brightness at km, lying almost atop Metis's orbit at 127978 km. The ansa images also show apparent azimuthal structure: longitudinally alternating bright and dim patches.
As previously noted in Voyager images, the brightnesses of the near and far arms differ by 10% or more. In contrast to Voyager, Galileo images show the near arm to be brighter. Galileo's shallow viewing angle ( above the ring plane) through the diaphanous ring may play a role in brightness variations.
Results will also be presented describing the morphologies of the halo and gossamer ring, as well as phase functions for the ring's components.