New Ways of Protecting Astronomical Equipment and Solar Batteries of Spacecrafts

M. G. Ponomarjov (State Academy of Avia Tech.)

The problems of protecting optical and protective glasses are dealt with. The solutions are recommended regarding the contaminant gas cloud of spacecraft, space debris, particles from ERE (electric rocket engines). New solutions are discussed as (i) the use of induced magnetic fields for deflection of charged particles, (ii) shielding from particles by specially generated gas cloud. The results can significantly impact the direction of future research in the field of protection of astronomical and geophysical sites.