High Resolution Infrared Spectroscopy of Comet Hale-Bopp
T.Y. Brooke (JPL), H.A. Weaver (JHU), G. Chin (NASA/GSFC), S.J. Kim (Kyunghee U.)
High resolution spectra of comet Hale-Bopp (C/1995 O1) in the 2-5 m region obtained during UT 2-5 March 1997 revealed emission lines of the gas-phase molecules CH , C H , HCN, C H , H O, and CO. The spectra were obtained at the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility, Mauna Kea, Hawaii, using CSHELL, an imaging spectrometer with a spectral resolving power of . The comet's heliocentric and geocentric distances were 1.0 AU and 1.5AU, respectively, on 2 March.
Based on a preliminary analysis of spectra taken near 3.0 m on 2 March, the P8-P11 lines of HCN and the P7 line of C H have been detected. The estimated rotational temperature of HCN is K, which we assume is valid for C H as well. Estimated production rates at the nucleus were sec for both molecules. Using a water production rate of sec on 1.8 March, calculated from infrared emission lines (Dello Russo et al. IAUC 6604, 26 March 1997), we derive relative abundances of % with respect to water for both HCN and C H .
OH lines were also detected and NH lines were probably present. In addition, there was an emission feature which we have not yet identified at a rest wavenumber of 3286.57 cm , which was also present in Hyakutake.