The port city of Jubayl serves as a vital staging area for oil transported from Saudi Arabia to the rest of the world. Situated on the Persian Gulf (dark blue), the cit’s gray, angular pattern of streets contrasts with the yellow-brown color of the nearby desert. The infrastructure of Jubayl supports the processing and loading of this fossil fuel onto massive tankers. The light and dark shades of blue in the Persian Gulf correspond to shallow and deep areas respectively. Deep channels near the shore (dark blue) have been dredged to allow deep-hulled ships to dock near the city. The long pier extending 9.4 kilometers into the water serves as an offshore loading site for tankers (square-shaped feature at end).
Saudi Arabia is the single greatest supplier of crude oil in the world, producing 8.2 million barrels per day, or 13% of daily world output. This oil-rich country holds the greatest known oil reserves: 257 billion barrels or 27% of the world's reserves.
April–May 1994, image STS-59-221-93.