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Lunar and Planetary Institute

Interagency Reports by the Branch of Astrogeology, U. S. Geological Survey

During the decade of the 1960s, the U.S. Geological Survey was the premier institution providing scientific and technical support to NASA for the Apollo missions’ exploration of the Moon.  The Survey conducted a wide variety of research, including mapping, observations, laboratory, and field studies designed to prepare and conduct America’s lunar surface explorations efficiently and productively.  To report the results of this work expeditiously to their space agency sponsors, the Survey began a publication series entitled “Interagency Reports (IR).”  These green-paperback reports were widely distributed around the USGS and NASA and enabled the rapid dissemination of new results and work products to a wide variety of people.

It would be a mistake to think that these reports (affectionately known as “green horrors” by Survey members) were simply preprints of papers or contractual fulfillments.  In some cases, the IRs were preliminary versions of material later destined for formal publication, but many were never published formally, their purpose having been superceded by events.  For example, two reports described advanced surface exploration of two sites on the Moon of high scientific interest, the Orientale basin (IR 7) and the Marius Hills volcanic complex (IR 14).  When the later Advanced Apollo Program for long-range exploration of the Moon was cancelled, these reports became superfluous.  Yet, they are still valuable as they synthesize a body of detailed geologic knowledge about lunar regions of high scientific interest.

As a service to the community, the Lunar and Planetary Institute has now digitized a subset of these Interagency Reports.  Browse through this selection and you will find many hidden gems, from traverse planning to geologic guidebooks to descriptions of Apollo site geology.  These valuable assets are now available to a wide variety of users.

Report Number

Title

Author

Year

1 Development of computer programs for analysis of lunar geophysical survey data Regan, R. D., Herskovits, J. L 1967
2 Cinder Lake Crater field location test Bailey, N. G. 1967
3 Evaluation of periscopic aircraft sextant as a surveying tool during advanced systems field test 3 Sutton, R. L.  1968
4 Thumper final report, ALSEP Active Seismic Experiment Watking, J. S., Whitcom, J. H. 1968
5 Preliminary lunar exploration plan of the Marius Hills Region of the Moon Kalstrom, T.N.V., McCauley, J. F., Swann, G. A. 1968
6 Character and geologic habitat of potential deposits of water, carbon and rare gases on the Moon Elston, D. P. 1968
7 Advanced systems traverse research project report Ulrich, G. E. 1968
8 Remnant magnetism in meteorites DuBois, R. L., Elston, D. P. 1968
9 Lunar geological field investigations Swann, G. A. 1965
10 Test of court-stenographic techniquest for recording geologic descriptions Shleicher, D. 1968
11 A limitation of first generation Lunar Orbiter negatives as applied to photoclinometry Gambell, N., Lucchitta, B. K. 1968
12 The use of spectral analysis in describing lunar surface roughness Rozema, W. 1968
13 Lunar crater morphology and relative age determination of lunar geologic units Pohn, H. A., Offield, T. W. 1969
14 Five-day mission plan to investigate the geology of the Marius Hills Region of the Moon Elston, D. P., Willingham, C. R. 1969
15 Photogrammetric calibration of Apollo film cameras Borgeson, W. T., Batson, R. M. 1969
16 Experimental studies on the formation of lunar surface features by gas emission - A preliminary report Schumm, S. A. 1969
17 Geologic maps of early Apollo landing sites of set c Trask, N. J. 1969
18 A proposed scheme for lunar geologic description M'Gonigle, J. W., Schleicher, D., Lucchitta, I. 1969
19 Strategy for the geologic exploration of the planets Carr, M. H. undated
20 Geologic transcript from Apollo 11 mission Schleicher, D.  1969
21 Paraphrased geologic excerpts from Apollo 12 mission Schleicher, D. 1970
22 Estimates of the mechanical properties of lunar surface using tracks and secondary impact craters produced by blocks and boulders Moore, H. J. 1970
23 Petrology of lunar micro breccia 12103 James, O. B. 1970
24 Ground vibrations due to crater blasting near the Montezuma Indian School, Yavapai County, Arizona .Hassemer, J. N., 1970
25 Preliminary log of 70 mm pictures taken on the lunar surface during the Apollo 14 mission: Magazines II, JJ, KK, LL, MM with sample information Batson, R. M., Larson, K. B., Sutton, R. L. 1971
26 Geologic mapping on very steep slopes using terrestrial photogrammetric methods Grolier, M. J., Wu, S. S. C., Shafer, F. J. 1971
27 Documentation of the Apollo 14 samples  Swann, G.A., Batson, R. M., Eggleton, R. E. Larson, K. B., Shafer, J. P., Sutton, R. L. 1971
28 Documentation of the Apollo 14 samples (Supersedes Interagency Report 27) Sutton, R. L., Batson, R. M., Larson, K. B., Schafer, J. P.l, Eggleton, R. E., Swann, G. A. 1971
29 Preliminary geologic investigations of the Apollo 14 landing site Swann, G.A., et al. 1971
30 A test of self-stationarity Regan, R. D. 1971
31 Closeup photography of rocks and soils: An evaluation of the Apollo Lunar Closeup Stereo Camera and the Hasselblad Electric Data Camera Ulrich, G. E. 1971
32 Preliminary report on the geology and field petrology at the Apollo 15 landing site Apollo Lunar Geology Investigation Team 1971
33 Size - frequency distributions of fragments obtained from areal counts of sections McLoughlin, D. 1971
34 Preliminary documentation of the Apollo 15 samples Sutton, R. L., et al. 1971
35 Preliminary catalog of pictures taken on the lunar surface during the Apollo 15 mission Batson, R. M., et al. 1971
36 Preliminary description of Apollo 15 sample environments Swann, G. A., et al. 1971
37  
38 Low velocity impacts with cohesionless sand Wahl, F. E.  1971
39 Analytical approach to finite slope stability analysis Vischer, W. A., Martin, G. L. 1971
40 Evaluation of the MSFC facsimile camera system as a tool for extraterrestrial geologic exploration Wolfe, E. W. , Alderman, J. D.  1971
41 Geology of Hadley Rille: Preliminary report Howard, K. A., Head, J. W., Swann, G. A. 1972
42 Distribution of ultramafic xenoliths at 12 North American sites Wilshire, H. G., Schwarzman, E. C., Trask, N. J. undated
43 Guide to the geology of Sudbury Basin, Ontario, Canada (Apollo 17 Training Exercise, 5/23/1972–5/25/1972 Dence, M. R., Boudette, E. L., Lucchitta, I. 1972
44 Isodensitometery - A tool for interpreting pictorial data Bonner, W. J., Philpott, B. C. 1972
45 Prototype and preliminary geologic mapping of Mars from Mariner 6 and 7 data McCauley, J. F. et al. 1972
46 Apollo 16 (Descartes) landing site road log Boudette, E. L., Schafer, J. Pl., Elston, D. P. 1972
47 Documentation of Apollo 15 samples Sutton, R. L., et al. 1972
48 Preliminary report on the geology and field petrology at the Apollo 16 landing site Apollo Lunar Geology Investigation Team 1972
49 Progress report: Apollo 16 sample documentation Apollo Lunar Geology Investigation Team 1972
50 Preliminary catalog of pictures taken on the lunar surface during the Apollo 16 mission Batson, R. M., Larson, K. B., Tyner, R. L. 1972
51 Documentation and environment of the Apollo 16 samples: A preliminary report Apollo Lunar Geology Investigation Team 1972
52 Atlas of geologic features in the dry valleys of South Victoria Land,
Antarctica: Possible analogs of martian surface features
Morris, E. C., Mutch, T. A., Holt, H. E.  1972
53 Preliminary Mariner report on the geology of Mars McCaule, J. F., Carr, M. H., Cutts, J. A., Harmann, W. K., Masursky, H., Milton, D. J., Sharp, R. P., Wilhelms, D. E.  1973
54 Preliminary geologic investigation of the Apollo 16 landing site Apollo Field Geology Investigation Team, 1972
55 Geologic mapping of the second planet Wilhelms, D. E.  1972
56 Mars cartography: The 1:5,000,000 Map Series Batson, R. M. 1972
57 Desert land forms of Peru: A preliminary photographic atlas Grolier, M. J., Ericksen, G. E., McCauley, J. F., Morris, E. C.  1974
58 Television cartography Batson, R. M. 1973
59 Geologic maps and terrain analysis data for Viking Mars 1975 landing sites considered in December 1972 Masursky, H., Strobell, M. H. 1975
60 Geologic maps and terrain analysis data for Viking Mars 1975 landing sites considered in February and April 1973 Masursky, H., Strobell, M. H. 1975
61 Mapping the planet Mars by Mariner 9 Batson, R. M., Dwornki, S. E. 1974
62 Viking rover studies Masursky, H., Boyce, J. M., Dial, A. L. 1974
63 Topographic mapping of Mars Wu, S. S. C. 1975
64 Lava flows in Mare Imbrium: An evaluation of anomalously low Earth-based radar reflectivity Schaber, G. G., Thompson, T. W., Zisk, S. H. 1974
65 Variations in surface roughness within Death Valley, California: Geologic evaluation of 25-cm wavelength radar images Schaber, G. G., Berlin, F. L., Brown, W. E. 1975
66 A summary of relative ages of lunar nearside and farside plains Boyce, J. M., Dial, A. L., Soderblom, L. A.  1975
67      
68 Atlas of Mars.  USGS Mars Mapping Group   1976
69 Preliminary report on the geology and field petrology at the Apollo 17 landing site Apollo Lunar Geology Investigation Team 1972
70 Preliminary catalog of pictures taken on the lunar surface during the Apollo 17 mission Larson, K. B., Batson, R. M., Reed, V. S., Wolfe, E. W. 1973
71 Documentation and environment of the Apollo 17 samples: A preliminary report  Apollo Lunar Geology Investigation Team 1973
72 Preliminary geologic analysis of the Apollo 17 site Apollo Lunar Geology Investigation Team 1973
73 Apollo 17 landing site geology Apollo Field Geology Investigation Team,
Batson, R. M., Larson, K.B., Reed, V. S.,
Griemsmann, E. M., Tyner, R. L., Wolfe, E. W. 
1975
74 Mars Nomenclature, December 1974 Version Masursky, H., Strobell, M. H. 1975
75 Correlation of photogeology and remote sensing data along the Apollo 14 bistatic- radar ground track: Part I - a working compendium  Moore, H. J., Tyler, G. L., Boyce, J. M., Shorthill, R. W.,
Thompson, T. W., Walker, A. S., Wilhelms, D. E.,
Wu, S. S. C., Zisk, S. H.
1975
76      
77      
78 The optimal sun angle for obtaining photographs of Martian surface features from orbit Boyce, J., Dial, A. L., Masursky, H. 1976
79 Geologic map of the central far side of the Moon Stuart-Alexander, D. E.  1976
80 Correlation of photogeology and remote sensing data along the Apollo 14, 15, and 16 bistatic-radar ground tracks: Part II--a working compendium Moore, H. J., Tyler, G. L., Boyce, J. M., Shorthill, R. W.,
Thompson, T. W., Wilhelms, D. E., Wu, S. S. C., Zisk, S. H.
1976
81 Yardangs of Peru and other desert regions McCauley, J. F., Grolier, M. J., Breed, C. S.  1977
82 A summary of relative ages of the lunar nearside maria based on Lunar Orbiter IV photography Boyce, J. 1976
83 Morphology of Chasma Walls, Mars Lucchitta, B. K. 1977

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