Ever read a good science-fiction book or watch a futuristic movie like Star Wars, Star Trek, Ender's Game, or The Time Machine? Science fiction is story-telling that reflects scientific thought, foreseeing and communicating a future that is based on the reality of today. Who would have thought that after watching "Back to the Future" we would have wall-mounted video phones, facial recognition software, online transactions, and Mr. Fusion Home Energy Reactors powering vehicles with biofuels? Literature, movies, music and works of visual art have the power to communicate an idea and elicit a connection to an audience. The Humans in Space Art Program aims to foster a globally-connected community that uses the art of imaginative story-telling to inspire others with their visions of the future of space, science, and technology, its impact on Earth, and the role each of us can play in shaping the future and enabling human exploration.
Leonardo da Vinci is best known for his works of art, but as a creative thinker, he was able to visualize and capture his imagination. His notes fuse art and science and show his ability to make interesting observations of the world around him. Da Vinci conceptualized flying machines, invented a machine for testing the tensile strength of wire, and made important discoveries in engineering and anatomy.
Auguste Piccard, was a Swiss physicist, inventor, and explorer. His interest in ballooning led him to design a pressurized aluminum gondola to measure cosmic radiation in Earth's atmosphere. His atmospheric explorations then gave realization to his design of the bathyscaphe, which included modifications of his high-altitude balloon cockpit for marine exploration.
Humans explore to push our boundaries and make discoveries, but also to expand economic interests, obtain resources and perform cutting edge science and technology development. Great engineering feats and achievements resulted from the development, assembly and operations of the International Space Station. Space Station is able to support a full-time crew of six astronauts, living in the harsh environment of space and performing research that will help humans on Earth while helping humanity to explore the universe. Space Station is also an unprecedented accomplishment in global human peaceful cooperation carried out by five Space Agencies (NASA, Roscosmos, JAXA, ESA, and CSA), and 69 countries have participated in Space Station research.
The Space Station is an unprecedented accomplishment in global human endeavors to conceive, plan, build, operate, and utilize a research platform in space by five Space Agencies (NASA, Roscosmos, JAXA, ESA, and CSA). The space station supports a full-time crew of six astronauts, living in the harsh environment of space and performing research that will help humans on Earth and humanity to explore the universe.
Various categories of research are performed on Space Station, including Biology and Biotechnology, Earth and Space Science, Human Research, Physical Sciences, and Technology. The research conducted on Space Station will help us learn how humans can live and work in space, gaining essential data about how low gravity and living outside of Earth's protective atmosphere affect the human body. The Space Station acts as a stepping-stone performing technology demonstrations that will enhance future spacecraft, robotics, and scientific instruments. The research will enhance our knowledge of the science and space and the technology developments will make our lives better here on Earth and enable us to live on other planets.
Research conducted on Space Station will help us learn how humans can live and work in space, allowing us to gain essential data about how low gravity and living outside of Earth’s protective atmosphere affect the human body, and how to create technologies that can act as countermeasures to their effects. Exposure to space conditions alters the sensory-motor and cardiovascular systems and can weaken the musculoskeletal and immune systems. Stress associated with being far from Earth, altered biological rhythms, busy schedules, confined conditions, and the small number of people one interacts with day after day in space can lead to errors and changes in a person’s behavior. Many countermeasures to help minimize these problems already exist onboard a spacecraft, such as medical equipment, vehicle anti-radiation shielding, life support systems, space suits, exercise equipment, and careful daily scheduling.
Laboratories onboard Space Station include growth chambers, centrifuges, microscopes, imagers, detectors, robotic assistants and more. These tools and systems allow space travelers to carry out experiments in biology and biotechnology, Earth and space science, human research, and physical sciences. Space Station research will expand human knowledge about the space environment, the nature of matter unperturbed by the Earth's gravitational field, and the impact of space on the human body and other living things.
Space Station acts as a stepping-stone performing technology demonstrations that will enhance future spacecraft, robotics, and scientific instruments. The resulting advances in scientific research will enable us to live on other planets and explore further into space, while also making our lives better on Earth.
With the aid of available technology such as telescopes, the International Space Station, Moon and Mars landers, and satellite probes, humans have remotely and directly begun exploring the solar system and beyond. Through scientific experimentation and constantly evolving technology, we are beginning to answer the many questions about space that have captivated our imaginations for thousands of years.
Space exploration opportunities are growing. Many countries are becoming more actively involved in space exploration, developing their own independent space programs and partnering with other space agencies for joint activities. Over the past decade or so, private space companies have emerged and taken a prominent role in space travel systems and exploration. Space mission targets are diversifying, to include strategies to return to the Moon, trips to asteroids, Mars, and more. To prepare for these missions, energy and propulsion, medical strategies, and other space ship science, operations and technology will need to advance.
All these changes and new opportunities increase the need for new ideas and for more people to engage directly in discussions about space and to one day possibly travel to space. While enabling the future of space, developments will continue to impact and advance life on Earth as well. The saga of humans leaving the Earth and venturing further into space is a story each of us can imagine and share, examining the role of scientific and technological advances and discoveries in impacting life on Earth and the future of human space exploration. Now is an excellent time to pause briefly on our journey and anticipate, explore and possibly influence, “How will space, science and technology benefit humanity?”