At the Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston, President Lyndon B. Johnson announces the establishment of the Lunar Science Institute, to be operated by the Rice Institute and the National Academy of Science.
Listen to excerpt from President Johnson’s speech.
William W. Rubey is named as the first Director of the Lunar Science Institute.
Surveyor 7 lands on the Moon and returns images of the surface.
Apollo 8, the first crewed flight to circumnavigate the Moon, launches with crew members Frank Borman, James Lovell Jr., and William Anders.
The first Visiting Scientist, S. Ross Taylor of the Australian National University, arrives at the Institute. His work is on the trace element chemistry of the lunar surface.
Apollo 11, the first lunar landing mission, is launched with astronauts Neil Armstrong, Edwin Aldrin, and Michael Collins. Armstrong and Aldrin walk on the Moon while Collins orbits in the command module.
Mariner 6 returns images from Mars.
Apollo 12 launches. The module lands within 183 meters of the Surveyor III spacecraft.
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