NASA’s Solar Max Satellite launches to monitor the Sun.
The first meeting of the Meteorite Working Group is held under LPI administration.
McGetchin Hall, named after former Director Thomas McGetchin, is dedicated. The new building houses the computer center(s) and photolibrary.
Eleven members of the planetary geology community meet for the first time as the Planetary Geology Review Panel. The group is tasked with advising the Planetary Geology Discipline Scientist on the merits of approximately 30 research proposals.
The LPI Computer Center undergoes major expansion with the installation of its new state-of-the-art computer room, housing a Digital Equipment Corporation VAX 11/780, replacing the former PDP 11/45.
The Conference on Multi-Ring Basins: Formation and Evolution is held in Houston. Convened by Peter Schultz and Carroll Ann Hodges, the conference results in the publication of the volume Multi-Ring Basins.
The Workshop on Apollo 16 is held at the LPI. Convened by Odette James and Fred Hörz, the workshop is the first of a series of meetings organized by the Lunar and Planetary Sample Team (LAPST) as part of the Highlands Initiative, an effort aimed at the improved understanding of the early evolution of the lunar crust.
Paul J. Coleman Jr. is named USRA President.
The first LPSC Chili Cook-Off and BBQ is held on the LPI grounds.
The first shuttle mission, STS-1, ends with the successful landing of Columbia at Edwards Air Force Base. The first shuttle astronaut debriefing was held at the LPI over the next two days.
The Conference on Large Body Impacts and Terrestrial Evolution: Geological, Climatological, and Biological Implications is held in Snowbird, Utah. The first of what will come to be simply known as the “Snowbird Conferences,” the conference represents a defining moment in the impact-extinction hypothesis debate.
The first meeting of the Early Crustal Genesis of Terrestrial Planets Study Project is held at the LPI.
Soviet spacecraft Venera 13 lands on the surface of Venus; Venera 14 lands four days later.
LPI publishes Planetary Science: A Lunar Perspective by
S. Ross Taylor.
Kevin Burke is appointed LPI Deputy Director.
The Workshop on Lunar Bases, convened by Larry Haskin, is held at the LPI. The purpose of the workshop is to evaluate the future of lunar studies and discuss the long-range prospect of a potential lunar base.
The Workshop on Venus Tectonics is convened by Roger Phillips and Sean Solomon. The workshop is designed to facilitate discussion among scientists directly involved in Venus research.
The Image Processing Facility at the LPI is created to operate under the computer center.
The Conference on Planetary Volatiles, co-sponsored by NASA and the National Science Foundation, is held in Alexandria, Minnesota.
The Conference on Chondrules and their Origins is held at LSI.
Pioneer 10 crosses the orbit of Neptune and becomes the first space vehicle to leave the solar system.
STS-7, a space shuttle Challenger mission, launches with the first female astronaut, Sally Ride.
Hurricane Alicia devastates the Texas Gulf Coast. The Institute escapes relatively unscathed, but massive power outages result in a two-week shutdown of operations.
Kevin Burke is appointed LPI Director.
The Workshop on Past and Present Solar Radiation: The Record in Meteoritic and Lunar Regolith Materials, convened by Dave McKay and Bob Pepin and sponsored by the LPI, is held at the Max-Planck Institute in Germany.
LPI publishes Chondrules and Their Origins, edited by Elbert A. King. The book is a result of the conference of the same name held in November 1982.
Landsat 5, the fifth satellite of the Landsat program, launches. Its primary goal is to provide a global archive of satellite photos of Earth.
The Fifteenth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference is held at the Gilruth Center, with 500 in attendance.
The Conference on the Origin of the Moon is held in Kona, Hawaii. This pivotal conference (often referred to simply as the “Kona Conference”) leads to the consensus view that the Moon formed from a giant impact with Earth.
The Symposium on Lunar Bases and Space Activities of the 21st Century, sponsored by the LPI, is held in Washington, DC.
The Mars: Evolution of its Climate and Atmosphere (MECA) study project begins with its first workshop, Water on Mars.
The Workshop on Clouds on Mars is held at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado. Convened by Bruce Jakosky, the workshop is an activity of the MECA (Mars: Evolution of its Climate and Atmosphere) study project, organized and sponsored by LPI.
An Early Crustal Genesis field workshop, The World’s Oldest Rocks, is conducted by Kevin Burke, Lew Ashwal, and Bill Phinney. The workshop is held in the Godthab district of West Greenland, bringing together scientists in the fields of terrestrial and planetary geochemistry, geology, and geophysics to examine firsthand the remnants of the earliest terrestrial crust.
David Gust and Jim Zimbelman, LPI scientists in charge of the summer intern program, conduct a “mini-conference” at which the interns have an opportunity to present their research to an audience of their colleagues, advisors, and other interested scientists and staff at LPI and JSC. The conference is a success, and signals the start of the annual summer intern conference.
An LPI topical conference on Heat and Detachment in Crustal Extension on Continents and Planets is held in Sedona, Arizona. Convened by Ivo Lucchitta, Larry Soderblom, and Paul Morgan, the conference is co-sponsored by NASA, the U.S. Geological Survey, the American Geophysical Union, the Geological Society of America, and the Rio Grande Rift Consortium.
The Workshop on Geology and Petrology of the Apollo 15 Landing Site, convened by Graham Ryder and Paul Spudis, is held at the LPI. Invited speakers include James Irwin and David Scott, Apollo 15 astronauts, and a two-hour film of the Apollo 15 EVAs is shown at a special evening session.
LPI completes production of Lunar Bases and Space Activities of the 21st Century, edited by W. W. Mendell.
The Workshop on the Tectonic Evolution of Greenstone Belts is held at LPI. Convened by Maarten de Wit and Lew Ashwal, the purpose of the workshop is to increase understanding of the tectonic evolution of greenstone belts in order to better understand events geological events occurring during the first 80 million years of Earth history.
ESA's Giotto spacecraft flies within 596 km of the nucleus of Comet Halley, returning closeup images.
LPI publishes Origin of the Moon, edited by W. K. Hartmann, R. J. Phillips, and G. J. Taylor. The book is a collection of original research and review papers that provide a synthesis of models and theories about the formation of the Moon.
The MECA Symposium on Mars: The Evolution of Its Climate and Atmosphere is held at the Hirshhorn Museum in Washington, DC. Convened by Ted Maxwell and Ron Greeley, and co-sponsored by the LPI and the National Air and Space Museum, the symposium is scheduled to coincide with the tenth anniversary of the Viking landing on Mars.
LPI is connected as an online mode to the NASA/SPAN network. SPAN is a wide-area network developed for the space and Earth science community that enables scientists at remote nodes to communicate with each other using electronic mail, terminal conference, and transparent file transfer and access.
The Workshop on the Origin of the Solar System is held at the Wye Conference Center near Queenstown, Maryland. Convened by Joe Nuth and Paul Sylvester, the objective of the workshop is to produce a document summarizing current thinking on the processes that occurred during the first eon of solar system history, providing the basis for a limited-scope interdisciplinary research project.
LPI hosts an organizational meeting to kick off its latest study project, Mars: Evolution of Volcanism, Tectonism, and Volatiles (MEVTV).
Richard A. F. Grieve is the LPI’s first Urey Visiting Fellow, a new program of short-term senior appointments designed to provide a distinguished scientist with the opportunity to pursue research interests while providing beneficial interaction with LPI and JSC scientists.
Helene Thorson is appointed LPI Assistant Director.
The Workshop on the Growth of Continental Crust is held at the University of Oxford. The goal of the workshop, co-sponsored by the LPI as part of the Early Crustal Genesis Study Project, is to consider and discuss constraints on a fundamental unsolved problem relating to the growth rate of planetary crusts.
The Mars Sample Return Science Workshop is held at the Nassau Bay Hilton in Clear Lake. The purpose of the LPI-sponsored workshop is to contribute to the activities of the Mars Rover Sample Return Science Working Group (MRSRSWG).
LPI publishes the first issue of the Mercury Messenger newsletter. The co-editors of this publication, designed to provide a means for exchanging data and ideas and for planning collaborative activities regarding Mercury research, are Pamela Clark, Faith Vilas, and Tom Morgan.
The Clear Lake area suffers a tornado strike. Luckily, most of the damage at the LPI is limited to the grounds, but a number of trees are lost or damaged.
The Field Workshop on the Deep Continental Crust of South India is held in Central and Southern India. Rupee funds for travel to and within India come from an NSF grant to LPI.
The Second Symposium on Lunar Bases and Space Activities is held at the Westin Galleria Hotel in Houston. Attending the symposium are 555 representatives of the planetary science, engineering, medical, architectural, and other lunar-base-related research fields. LPI co-sponsors the meeting with JSC and AIAA.
The 50th issue of the Lunar and Planetary Information Bulletin is published.
David C. Black is appointed LPI Director.
Global Catastrophes in Earth History: Conference on Impacts, Volcanism, and Mass Mortality is held in Snowbird, Utah. Kevin Burke and Robert Ginsburg are co-chairs of the conference, which is attended by 184 scientists representing 10 different countries. The proceedings of the conference are to be published as a GSA Special Paper.
The LAPST-initiated Workshop on Moon in Transition: Apollo 14, KREEP, and Evolved Lunar Rocks is held at the LPI. Jeff Taylor and Paul Warren are the conveners.
The LPI topical conference on the Origin of the Earth is held in Berkeley, California. Convened by John Jones and Horton Newsom, plans are to publish a post-conference publication as a proceedings volume or special issue of a journal.
LPI and NASA Ames Research Center co-sponsor a Workshop on the Analysis of Returned Comet Nucleus Samples in Milpitas, California. The workshop is convened by Sherwood Chang and Larry Nyquist.
LPI and NASA co-sponsor a workshop entitled Origins of the Solar Systems in Washington, DC. The goal of the worskhop, convened by Joe Nuth, is to determine the appropriate content and enclosures for the upcoming NASA Origins of the Solar Systems Research Announcement.
The Twentieth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference is held at the NASA Johnson Space Center, with 729 in attendance. Special events in honor of the 20th anniversary of the conference include a public session organized by NASA JSC and NASA Headquarters entitled “Opportunities in Solar System Exploration,” followed by a banquet at the South Shore Harbour Conference Center.
Magellan launches. The primary objectives of the mission are to map the surface of Venus with a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and to determine the topographic relief of the planet.
An Ardent Titan graphics supercomputer is installed in the LPI Computer Center. The supercomputer will greatly expand the Institute’s capabilities for image processing, scientific visualization, and numerically intensive computing.
LPI holds an open house in conjunction with Space Week and the 20th anniversary of the Apollo 11 landing on the Moon. More than 1800 people visit the Institute and participate in scientific and image processing demonstrations.
LPI, JSC, and the University of Houston-Clear Lake (UHCL) co-sponsor “The Neptune Encounter,” the first in a series of public lectures held at UHCL. The lecture features the stunning photographs of Neptune and its moons recently returned by Voyager II.
The LAPST-initiated workshop on Lunar Volcanic Glasses: Scientific and Resource Potential is held at LPI. The workshop is convened by John Delano and Grant Heiken.
Galileo launches onboard the space shuttle Atlantis. Twelve years in the development and planning stages, the goal of the mission, originally called the Jupiter Orbiter Probe, is a two-year study of the jovian system.
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