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Basic information Name: Carancas
     This is an OFFICIAL meteorite name.
Abbreviation: There is no official abbreviation for this meteorite.
Observed fall: Yes
Year fell: 2007
Country: Peru
Mass:help 342 g
Meteoritical Bulletin:  MB 93  (2008)  H4-5
Recommended:  H4-5    [explanation]

This is 1 of 87 approved meteorites (plus 1 unapproved name) classified as H4-5.   [show all]
Search for other: H chondrites, H chondrites (type 4-7), Ordinary chondrites, and Ordinary chondrites (type 4-7)
Comments: Approved 7 Jan 2008
Revised 4 Aug 2008: final writeup; 2008-01-17 fix error in 17O
Writeup from MB 93:

Carancas                              16°39'52''S, 69°02'38''W

Carancas, Chucuito, Puno, Peru

Fall: 15 September 2007, ~16: 45 UTC

Ordinary chondrite (H4-5)

History: A large fireball was witnessed to impact near the community of Carancas, in the province of Chucuito, region of Puno in the country of Peru. It made a sizable impact crater, ~13.8 m in diameter (INGEMMET) or 11-12 m (L. Jackson, CGS). Local residents and many others have recovered numerous pieces of the impactor from the sides of the crater and the surrounding area. Mike Farmer brought several samples to the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory of the UAz for classification on October 5, 2007. The total mass is currently unknown. A preliminary report was published on the web by F. Luisa Macedo and O. José Macharé of INGEMMET, Peru.

Physical characteristics: Most specimens are without fusion crust and have a gray color with some metal and chondrules visible, although the chondrules are not easily observed. At least one specimen had two different lithologies, the second white in color, indicating it is a breccia. Numerous black shock veins, often on more than one face of a specimen, were observed. At least one large (~2 cm) metal grain was also recovered, with a thin layer of stone attached to it.

Petrography: (H. Connolly, KCCU, UAz; D. Hill, UAz, D. Schrader, UAz, K. Domanik, UAz, and D. Lauretta, UAz). One polished butt and one thin section, of two different samples, were examined. The polished butt contains some relict chondrules with well-defined margins and many textural types present. The thin section shows the rock to have experienced extensive recrystallization of the matrix with few relict chondrules present. Relict chondrules range in size from ~170 µm to 1 mm. Olivine and orthopyroxene were observed with abundant Fe, Ni-metal and Fe-rich sulfide.

Mineral compositions: Olivine (Fa18.4±0.5) and pyroxene (Fs16.1±0.2). Oxygen isotopes: (R. Greenwood, OU; two analyses) δ17O = 3.017, 2.942; δ 18O = 4.519, 4.344; Δ17O = 0.667, 0.683 (all ‰).

Classification: Ordinary chondrite (H4-5); W0, S3.

Type specimens: A total of 22 g, including 5 thin sections, are on deposit at UAz. MFarmer holds 320 g.

Submitted by: Harold C. Connolly Jr., KCCU and UAz.

Data from:
  Table 3
  Line 23:
State/Prov/County:Carancas, Chucuito, Puno, Peru
Origin or pseudonym:Village area
Mass (g):Metric tons?
Type spec mass (g):22
Plots: O isotopes:  
   and collections
KCCU: Kingsborough College of the City University of New York, Brooklyn, NY 11235, United States (institutional address; updated 28 Dec 2011)
OU: Planetary and Space Sciences Department of Physical Sciences The Open University Walton Hall Milton Keynes MK7 6AA United Kingdom, United Kingdom (institutional address; updated 8 Dec 2011)
UAz: Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, 1629 E. University Blvd., Tucson, AZ 85721, United States (institutional address; updated 14 Jan 2012)
MFarmer: Michael Farmer, P.O. Box 86059, Tucson, AZ 85754-6059, United States; Website (private address)
Search for specimens in the Smithsonian Institution collection (U.S.):   
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References: Published in Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 93, MAPS 43, 571-632 (2008)
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Photos from the Encyclopedia of Meteorites:
(c) Lionel Jackson, Geological Survey of Canada      
Photos uploaded by members of the Encyclopedia of Meteorites.
    (Caution, these are of unknown reliability)
ADAA Association   
Alan Mazur      
André Knöfel   
Conif Alfaro Zavala   
Dave Johnson   
David L. Ribeca   
Denis gourgues         
Dirk Hohmann      
Dominik Stoeckli   
Don Cuarzo   
Gregor H.      
harlan trammell   
John Tanner   
Leandro Macedo Bonfim   
Michael S. Scherman   
Rodrigo Guerra   
Svend Buhl   
Volker Heinrich   
Wandering Star      
Woreczko Jan & Wadi         
Ziyao Wang   

     Recommended::   (16° 39' 52"S, 69° 2' 38"W)

     This is the only approved meteorite from Puno, Peru (plus 1 impact crater)
     This is 1 of 14 approved meteorites from Peru (plus 1 impact crater)
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Synonymshelp: Desaguadero (Assigned by nomenclature committee)

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