The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 83, 1999 July

Jeffrey N. GROSSMAN*

U. S. Geological Survey, MS 954, Reston, Virginia 20192, USA

*Author's e-mail address:

For supplemental maps and photographs, visit the Meteoritical Bulletin Web Site at:

(Received 1999 April 30)


Abstract–Meteoritical Bulletin No. 83 lists information for 898 newly described meteorites.  These include 473 from Antarctica, 341 from the Sahara, and 22 from dry lakes in the southwestern United States.  Seven of the meteorites are falls:  Kunya-Urgench (H5), Lohawat (howardite), Ourique (H4), Portales Valley (H6), San Pedro de Quiles (L6), Talampaya (eucrite), and Zag (H3-6).  Also included are a dozen new iron meteorites; several mesosiderites; a pallasite; several eucrites, howardites, and a diogenite; several ureilites; a variety of CM, CO, CV, CR, and R chondrites; and numerous unequilibrated ordinary chondrites.  All shock classifications are after Stöffler et al. (1991) and weathering grades are after Wlotzka (1993), except as noted.  All italicized abbreviations refer to addresses tabulated at the end of this document.


Acfer 049   27º25'N 3º43'E

Agemour, Algeria

Found 1989 November 19

Ordinary chondrite (H6)

An 82.9 g stone from the Acfer area has been recently classified (see Meteoritical Bulletins 71–74).  Classification and mineralogy (H. Schulze, MNB):  olivine, Fa17.6; pyroxene, Fs15.6; shock stage, S2; weathering grade, W1.  Specimens:  MNB.

Alkali        37º52'N 117º24'W

Esmeralda County, Nevada, USA

Found 1998 July 20

Ordinary chondrite (H6)

Two stones, weighing a total of 30.47 g, were recovered two miles apart by Nicholas Gessler from the dry surface of Alkali Lake.  Mineralogy and classification (A. Rubin, UCLA):  olivine, Fa19.3; shock stage, S2; weathering grade, W2.  Specimens:  type specimen, 5.4 g, UCLA; main mass, Gessler.

ANSMET meteorites

(463 meteorites)


Found 1996–1998

Appendix 1 brings up-to-date the list of officially announced meteorites from the U.S. Antarctic Meteorite (ANSMET) program.  7794 meteorites were previously listed in the Meteoritical Bulletin, nos. 76, 79, and 82; these meteorites bring the total to 8257.  The meteorites in Appendix 1 were published in the Antarctic Meteorite Newsletter (AMN), issues 21(2) (1998) and 22(1) (1999).  Listed are the classifications, masses, degrees of weathering, olivine and pyroxene compositions, pairing information, ice fields upon which the meteorites were found, and bibliographic information, all sorted by sample name.  Note that meteorite pairings may be tentative.  A new name plus abbreviation approved for some of these meteorites is Mount DeWitt (DEW), with approximate coordinates of 77º12'S, 159º50'E.

Bechar 001 and 002           ~30º50'N 3º20'W


Found before 1998 August

Ordinary chondrites (L5 and H6)

Two large stones (39 kg and 12 kg) plus a number of small fragments were sold to Bruno Fectay and Carine Bidaut by nomads.  They later recognized that an 18 g piece (now called Bechar 002) was higher in metal than the main masses and therefore was not paired.  Classification and mineralogy (P. Sipiera, Harper).  Bechar 001:  olivine, Fa25.3; pyroxene, Fs20.  Bechar 002:  olivine, Fa18.5; pyroxene, Fs16.4Wo1.4.  Specimens:  type specimens, 140 g (Bechar 001) and 15 g (Bechar 002), DuPont; main masses, Fectay.

Beni Semguine    ~30º10'N 5º40'W


Found before 1998 August

Ordinary chondrite (H5, Willaroy-like)

A 150 g meteorite was brought to the attention of Bruno Fectay and Carine Bidaut by nomads seeking to sell the specimen.  Find cir­cum­stances are not well known.  Classification and mineralogy (P. Sipiera, Harper):  olivine, Fa14.2±0.4 (n = 13); pyroxene, Fs12.5±0.4 Wo1.4±0.1 (n = 7); mineral compositions similar to Willaroy.  Specimens:  type specimen, 1.8 g, DuPont; main mass, Fectay.

Blackwood Creek ~40º30'N ~101º5'W

Hayes County, Kansas, USA

Found 1998 July

Ordinary chondrite (H6)

A 67 g oriented stone was found by Mr. Mike Jones, a student of paleontology at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln, while he was digging for fossils.  Classification and mineralogy (A. Rubin, UCLA):  olivine, Fa19.5; shock stage, S2; weathering grade, W2.  Specimens:  type specimen, 10 g, UCLA; main mass, OShaw.

Bonnie Claire 001 and 002      37º13'N 117º5'W

Nye County, Nevada, USA

Found 1998 May 2

Ordinary chondrites (H5)

Two meteorite fragments that fit together, weighing a total of 23.03 g (BC 001), and an 80.8 g stone (BC 002) were recovered by Nicholas Gessler from the surface of a dry lake near the town of Bonnie Claire; all three pieces were found within a meter of each other.  Mineralogy and classification by A. Rubin, UCLA.  BC001:  olivine, Fa19.2; shock stage, S2; weathering grade, W3.  BC 002:  olivine, Fa18.6; shock stage, S3; weathering grade, W2.  Subtle chemical and textural differences cast some doubt on the pairing of BC 001 and 002.  Specimens:  type specimens, 7.6 g (BC 001) and 17.5 g (BC 002), UCLA; main masses, Gessler.


Dar al Gani 178-609, see Saharan Meteorites from Libya

Dar al Gani 476              27º21.16'N 16º12.04'E


Found 1998 May 1

Martian basalt (shergottite)

A brownish stone weighing 2015 g was found in Dar al Gani, Sahara.  Mineralogy and classification (J. Zipfel and P. Scherer, MPI):  fusion crust absent; meteorite has a porphyritic texture, consisting of olivine embedded in a fine-grained matrix of clinopyroxene laths (pigeonite and minor augite) and interstitial feldspathic glass; mineral abundances similar to EET 79001 lithology A; Fe-sulfide, Ti-rich chromites, ilmenite and chromite present; shock features include twinning and fracturing of clinopyroxene, mosaicism of some olivine, and plagioclase converted to feldspathic glass; impact-melt pockets abundant; extensive terrestrial weathering resulted in carbonate veins crosscutting the meteorite along grain boundaries and cracks; bulk chemistry intermediate between basaltic and lherzolitic shergottites, with a high bulk Mg/(Mg + Fe), high con­cen­trations of siderophile elements, relatively low abundances of heavy rare earth elements (HREE), and a strong light rare earth element (LREE) depletion; exposure age 1.1 ± 0.2 Ma; 36Ar/132Xe and 84Kr/132Xe typical of Martian meteorites, and 129Xe/132Xe similar to Chassigny.  Oxygen isotopes (I. Franchi, OU):  d18O = 4.57, d17O = 2.69 permil rel.  SMOW (D17O = 0.317).  The petrography, mineralogy, and noble gas chemistry of DaG 476 and DaG 489 are very similar, and the two are likely paired (L. Folco, MNA-SI, and J. Zipfel and L. Schultz, MPI).  Specimens:  type specimen, several grams, and one polished section, MPI; main mass with anonymous finder. 

Dar al Gani 489  ~27°08'N 16°05'E


Found 1997

Martian basalt (shergottite)

A dark-brown stone of 2146 g was found in Dar al Gani.  Mineralogy and classification (L. Folco and B. Anselmi, MNA-SI):  devoid of fusion crust; porphyritic basaltic texture consisting of millimeter-sized phenocrysts of brown olivine (Fo61–78, Mn/Fe = 0.021–0.025 atomic) set in a more fine grained matrix of pigeonite laths (En57–72 Wo5–15, Mn/Fe = 0.030–0.038 atomic) and interstitial feldspathic glass (An56–67Ab33–43); minor mineral components include augite, chromite, Ti-rich chromite, ilmenite, merrillite and pyrrhotite; tex­ture, mineral modes and chemistry close to EETA79001 lithology A; shock deformation features include twinning in pigeonite, strong mosaicism and planar deformation features in olivine, and abundant impact-melt pockets and veinlets; pervasive veins filled in by calcite are due to terrestrial weathering.  Oxygen isotopes (A. S. Sexton and I. A. Franchi, OU):  d17O = 2.895, d18O = 4.980, and D17O = 0.305 permil.  The petrography, mineralogy, and noble gas chemistry of DaG 476 and DaG 489 are very similar, and the two are likely paired (L. Folco, MNA-SI, and J. Zipfel and L. Schultz, MPI).  Specimens:  main mass with anonymous finder, 34.9 g; two polished thin sections, MNA-SI.


Drayton     48º40'N 97º7'W

Pembina County, North Dakota, USA

Found 1982 July

Ordinary chondrite (H4/5)

A 2.35 kg stone was found in an otherwise rock-free field by Mr. Phil Raney.  Mineralogy and classification (N. Forsman, UND; C. Lewis, ASU; A. Rubin, UCLA):  olivine, Fa17.8; shock stage, S3.  Specimens:  main mass, UND.


Euclid     47º57.5'N 96º42'W

Polk County, Minnesota, USA

Found 1970 July

Ordinary chondrite (H5)

A 2.5 kg stone was found in a field by Mr. Dan Kopecky and kept for 26 years in a coffee can.  Mineralogy and classification (N. Forsman, UND; A. Brearley, UNM):  olivine, Fa18.4; pyroxene, Fs16.4Wo1.3.  Specimens:  main mass, Dan Kopecky, RR 1, Box 120B, Euclid, MN 56722; type specimen, UND.


Fairfield    39º20'N 84º36'W

Butler County, Ohio, USA

Found 1974 September

Iron, coarse octahedrite (IIICD)

An iron mass of 1600 g was found by Mr. Roy Ballinger among material dredged by the American Materials Company from 120 feet depth in a gravel pit in Pleistocene glacial deposits.  Several other iron specimens may have been recovered at later times.  Classification and analysis (Choi et al., 1995):  Ga = 78.4 ppm; Ge = 329 ppm; Ir = 1.79 ppm; Ni = 6.61 wt%.  Specimens:  746 g, MUO; 152 g, UCLA. 


Falsey Draw                33º50.6'N 103º56.2'W

Chaves County, New Mexico, USA

Found 1995

Ordinary chondrite (L6)

A 4.18 kg stone was found by Kenneth Shirley.  Mineralogy and classification (A. Brearley, UNM):  olivine, Fa25.2; pyroxene, Fs21.4; shock stage, S1; weathering grade, W2.  Specimens:  main mass with finder; type specimen, 6.7 g, UNM.


Felt (b)      36º35'N 102º42'W

Cimarron County, Oklahoma, USA

Found 1990 or 1991

Ordinary chondrite (L3.5)

A 5.59 kg stone was found by a farmer plowing a grain field.  Mineralogy and classification (A. Brearley, UNM; A. Rubin, UCLA; P. Benoit, UArk):  an L chondrite genomict breccia; about two-thirds of the material is L3.5 (based on induced thermoluminescence sensitivity), shock stage, S4; the other one-third is L5, shock stage, S5; black melt veins are abundant; typical olivine composition ~Fa25 (range Fa1–31); metal abundance, ~9.3 vol%; weathering grade, W1.  Specimens:  main mass, Reed; type specimens, 42.9 g UCLA; 37.5 g, UNM.


Foum Zguid 30º4'N 6º54'W

Jebel Bani, Morocco

Found 1998

Iron, coarsest octahedrite (IIAB)

A 6 kg iron meteorite was found in the desert by a person hunting for meteorites.  Classification and description (J. Wasson, UCLA):  bulk metal Co = 0.50 wt%, Ni = 5.81 wt%, Ga = 55.5 ppm, As = 9.91 ppm, Ir = 0.021 ppm, Au = 1.078 ppm.  Specimens:  191 g, Cilz; 483 g, Schwade; 34 g, UCLA.

Frontier Mountains

(10 meteorites)

Victoria Land, Antarctica

Found 1995

These meteorites (Table 1) were collected during the 1995/1996 PNRA/EUROMET expeditions to the Frontier Mountains.  Classifi­ca­tions by R. Carampin, A. M. Fioretti and G. Molin, UPad.  Specimens:  A. S. Sexton, OU. 

Gan Gan    42º40'S 68º5'W (±5')

Chubut, Argentina

Found 1984

Iron, fine octahedrite (IVA)

An 83 kg iron meteorite was found by a person collecting pine cones.  Classification and description (J. Wasson, UCLA):  bulk metal Co = 0.41 wt%, Ni = 9.12 wt%, Ga = 2.36 ppm, As = 12.1 ppm, Ir = 1.11 ppm, Au = 2.216 ppm.  Specimens:  1.74 kg, Cilz;
29 kg, Schwade; 700 g, UCLA.

Gao-Guenie, new name

With the recent paper by Bourot-Denise et al. (1998), the Meteorite Nomenclature Committee has decided that a new, collective name, Gao-Guenie, will be bestowed upon all meteorites formerly identified as either Gao (Upper Volta) (frequently truncated to Gao) or Guenie.  It had been reported that two meteorite showers occurred one month apart in 1960 in the country now known as Burkina Faso.  But the new work confirms long-held suspicions that the two meteorites are indistinguishable from each other and that there was most likely only one fall (1960 March 5).  The confusion about this meteorite has been compounded by the fact that new stones continue to be found ~40 years after the fall and are given arbitrarily one or the other name.  Henceforth, the official name for all meteorites from this shower will be Gao-Guenie, with the names Gao (Upper Volta) and Guenie as recognized synonyms.

Gruñidora 24º10'N 102º0'W

Zacatecas, Mexico

Found 1998 September

Ordinary chondrite (H4)

A 130 g meteorite was found near La Gruñidora by Juan Trejo while searching in the easternmost part of the Nuevo Mercurio strewnfield.  Classification and mineralogy (D. Weber, Mün):  olivine, Fa18.0; pyroxene, Fs15.2±1.8; shock stage, S2; weathering grade, W4.  Specimens:  main mass, Heinlein; type specimen, 1.6 g, and thin section, Mün.

Hammadah al Hamra 188-258, see Saharan Meteorites from Libya


Huss meteorites

The meteorites listed in Table 2 were all listed in the catalogs of Huss (1976, 1986).  Many of these specimens are noted in Graham et al. (1985) under the corresponding entries without the letter in parentheses.  It is likely that most are not paired with the other listed specimens.  The names of these meteorites have now been formally approved by the Nomenclature Committee.  In doing so, several names are abolished:  Bethel, Elida and New Moore now become synonyms as shown in Table 3.  In addition, Table 3 notes several other synonyms that arise out of issues related to the two Huss catalogs and the Graham et al. (1985) listings.  See the separate entry concerning the nomenclature of stones from Kress, Texas.

Jabal Akakus, see Saharan Meteorites from Libya

Kaigorod, see Vyatka

Kossuth  ~40º40'N 84º21'W

Auglaize County, Ohio, USA

Found 1975

Iron, fine octahedrite (IVA)

A 5.9 kg iron meteorite was found by a farmer in a field.  Classification and description (J. Wasson, UCLA):  bulk metal Co = 0.41 wt%, Ni = 9.27 wt%, Cu = 122 ppm, Ga = 2.56 ppm, As = 12.2 ppm, Ir = 0.87 ppm, Au = 2.25 ppm.  Specimens:  241 g, Cilz; 279 g, Schwade; 741 g, NHMV; 64 g, UCLA.

Kress (c) and Kress (d), name change

Table 2 lists a 5.6 kg L6 chondrite from the Huss (1986) catalog named "Kress (c)."  In Meteoritical Bulletin 81, a 57 g H5 chondrite was also listed under this name.  Henceforth, the 57 g stone will be called Kress (d), whereas the 5.6 kg stone will retain the name Kress (c).

Kunya-Urgench      42º15'N 59º12'E

Dashkhowus Velayat, Turkmenistan

Fell 1998 June 20, 17:25 local time

Ordinary chondrite (H5)

A large bolide was observed by people in several villages, and a loud whistling followed by a crashing noise was heard.  A large mass impacted 30–50 m from several farmers in a cotton field, creating a 6 m wide, 4 m deep crater.  A single stone weighing ~900 kg was recovered from the crater, and 1000–1100 kg was recovered in total.  Mineralogy and classification (O. Odekov, Turk; S. Muhamed­nazarov, NHCT; A. Ivanov, Vernad):  olivine, Fa18.0; pyroxene, Fs15.9.  Specimens:  type specimens, NHCT, Vernad; main mass, Turk.  This meteorite is also known by the name Saparmurat Turkmenbashy.


Lahmada ~27º10'N 9º30'W

Western Sahara

Found 1998

Ordinary chondrite (H6)

Many fragments of a chondrite totaling 7.36 kg were found in the Lahmada region near the town of Zag.  The three largest pieces fit together forming a mass of 3.08 kg.  Classification and mineralogy (A. Bischoff and D. Weber, Mün):  breccia containing shock veins; olivine Fa20.4, pyroxene Fs18.3; shock stage, S3; weathering grade, W3.  Specimens:  main mass, 7.34 kg, JNMC; type specimen, Mün.


Lahoma   ~36º23'N 98º5'W

Major County, Oklahoma, USA

Found 1963

Ordinary chondrite (L5)

A 21.8 kg stone was found west of the town of Lahoma by a farmer while plowing his field.  He believed it was a meteorite and kept the stone in his front yard for 35 years.  Description and classification (A. Rubin, UCLA):  olivine, Fa25.3; shock stage, S4; weathering grade, W1; oriented stone; contains black shock veins and many dark inclusions.  Specimens:  main mass, ARN; type specimen, 20 g, UCLA.


Las Colonas   22º35'N 101º59'W

Zacatecas, Mexico

Found 1994 November 25

Achondrite (howardite)

A 148 g oriented stone was found by Scott Williams in a corn field.  Mineralogy and classification (D. Kring, UAz):  a breccia dominated by orthopyroxene-rich (diogenitic) material but also containing a few medium-grained pyroxene- and plagioclase-rich (eucritic) clasts; orthopyroxene, Fe/(Fe + Mg) = 0.25 mol%, FeO/MgO = 0.27 g/g; bulk rare earth element abundance 2–3´ chondrites.  Specimens:  main mass with finder; type specimen, 11 g plus two thin sections, UAz.


Leeds, discredited name.

Recent work by Kissin et al. (1999) has established that the Leeds iron meteorite (group IAB) is actually a misidentified piece of Toluca.  "Leeds" is hereby abolished as a unique meteorite name, and now will be a synonym for Toluca.


Lemmon    45º56'N 102º11'W

Perkins County, South Dakota, USA

Found before 1984, recognized 1998

Ordinary chondrite (H5) 

An 6.68 kg stone was found beside a fence post by a woman; she placed the stone along her driveway border.  It was recognized by Mr. Allen Shaw, who was conducting a house-to-house search for meteorites.  Classification and mineralogy (A. Rubin, UCLA):  olivine, Fa19.1; shock stage, S1; weathering grade, W3.  Specimens:  type specimen, 21 g, UCLA; main mass, AShaw.


Leslie   34º36'41"N 100º51'18"W

Hall County, Texas, USA

Found ~1968

Ordinary chondrite (H5)

An 895 g stone was found by Mr. John Hancock of Memphis, Texas, in an old native American campsite.  It is possible that the stone was transported from its original fall location by the indigenous people.  Description and classification (M. Zolensky, JSC):  stone is extremely weathered, containing abundant Fe oxides and Ca sulfate, and almost no metal; olivine, Fa19.7; pyroxene, Fs19.8 (possibly too high due to weathering); feldspar, Ab70–75Or3–4; shock stage, S2/3.  Specimens:  10.8 g and type thin section, JSC; main mass with finder.


Lewis Cliff 88021, reclassification

K. Welton (UCB) has reclassified LEW 88021 as an H4 chondrite (confirmed by T. J. McCoy, SI):  average olivine, Fa20.6; pyroxene zoned, Fs6.0–17.6.  The meteorite may be paired with LEW 88174 on the basis of the 10Be, 26Al, and 36Cl concentrations in metal and silicate phases.


Lohawat             26º57'56"N 72º37'36"E

Rajasthan, India

Fell 1994 October 30 (23:45 local time)

Achondrite (howardite)

A stone of ~40 kg fell in an open field, forming a 50 cm deep crater.  About 6 kg was collected by the GSI after the event was reported in local newspapers.  Mineralogy and classification (Chattopadhyay et al., 1998; Singh et al., 1998):  a polymict, regolith breccia, containing glassy spherules and anorthositic, dunitic, and gabbroic clasts embedded in a brecciated matrix.  Bulk compositional data not yet available to confirm classification.  Specimens:  6.245 kg, GSI. 


Lucerne Valley Meteorites

(17 meteorites)

San Bernardino County, California, USA

Found 1963 to 1999

Since 1963, 17 meteorite specimens have been found on Lucerne Dry Lake (Table 4).  The collection of meteorites on this ~3 × 6 km playa is aided by the paucity of terrestrial rocks coarser than small pebbles.  These meteorites shall be called Lucerne Valley (abbreviated LV), num­bered in the order that they were found.  "Lucerne Valley" (Graham et al., 1985) now becomes a synonym for the seven stones included under that name, LV 001–007.  Descriptions and classifi­ca­tions by C. Moore (ASU) and A. Rubin (UCLA).  The thirteen specimens that were available for analysis represent seven separate falls.


Maria da Fé      22º18'S 45º22'W

Minas Gerais, Brazil

Found 1987

Iron, fine octahedrite (group IVA)

An 18 kg iron meteorite was found by Benedito Silva, who was plowing a field.  Classification and analysis (M. E. Zucolotto, Rio;
J. T. Wasson, UCLA):  bulk metal Co = 0.38 wt%, Ni = 7.45 wt%, Cu = 139 ppm, Ga = 1.68 ppm, As = 2.16 ppm, Ir = 3.78 ppm, Au = 0.615 ppm.  Specimens:  main mass, D. B. Ninis, Maria da Fé, Brazil; type specimen, 90 g, Rio.


Ourique 37º36.5'N 8º16.8'W

Beja, Portugal

Fell 1998 December 28 (00:50 UT)

Ordinary chondrite (H4)

Many stones with a total mass probably near 20 kg were recovered along a rural path after a brilliant fireball and loud noises were observed by several people.  Antonio Silva recovered the first fragments two days after the fall and, subsequently, local villagers recovered other pieces.  The meteorite made an elliptical crater (60 ´ 30 cm, 20 cm deep), and most fragments were found within 55 m of the others.  Mineralogy and classification (J. F. Monteiro, ULis):  olivine, Fa18.3; pyroxene, Fs16.4; chondritic structure well developed.  Specimens:  2.6 kg, MNHNL; type specimens, ~2 kg, ULis. 


Page City  39º10'N 101º17'W

Thomas County, Kansas, USA

Found 1980

Iron, fine octahedrite (IVA)

A 13.63 kg iron meteorite was found by Ernest Kistler while he was plowing a field.  Classification and description (J. Wasson, UCLA):  bulk metal Co = 0.42 wt%, Ni = 9.55 wt%, Ga = 2.08 ppm, As = 14.3 ppm, Ir = 0.324 ppm, Au = 2.680 ppm.  Specimens:  355 g, Cilz; 4 kg, Schwade; 403 g, NHMV; 78 g, UCLA.


Pampa Providencia 24º27.0'S 69º34.3'W

Antofagasta, Chile

Found 1994 October

Iron, medium octahedrite (IIIAB)

A 12.4 kg mass was found in the desert by a geologist doing routine geological reconnaissance.  Note that this meteorite has been sold under the unofficial name Pampas Provenciales.  Classification and description (J. D. Gleason, D. H. Hill, and D. A. Kring, UAz):  kamacite bandwidth, 0.96 mm; bulk composition, Ni = 8.86 wt%, Ga = 17.8 ppm, Ir = 0.061 ppm, Au = 1.54 ppm; contains 6.5 vol% schreibersite; surface is densely pitted.  Specimens:  612 g, UAz; main mass, Casper.


Pampas Provenciales, unofficial synonym for Pampa Providencia


Portales Valley fall centroid:  34º10.5'N 103º17.7'W

Roosevelt County, New Mexico, USA

Fell 1998 June 13, ~07:30 MDT (~13:30 UT)

Ordinary chondrite (H6)

After detonations were heard and smoky trails seen in the sky, a shower of meteorites landed near Portales, New Mexico.  53 objects have been recovered, with a total mass of 71.4 kg.  The largest pieces weighed 16.5 kg (witnessed to fall by Nelda Wallace and Fred Stafford), 17.0 kg (found by Elton Brown), and at least nine others over 1 kg.  A 530 g fragment went through the roof of Gayle Newberry's barn and embedded itself in a wall, indicating a trajectory west to east.  The elliptical strewn field is approximately 7.7 ´ 2 km, trending N60–65ºE, although recent reports may extend this somewhat.  Mineralogy (D. A. Kring, J. D. Gleason, and D. H. Hill, UAz):  olivine, Fa19.3±0.4; pyroxene, Fs17.2±0.3 Wo1.36±0.27; kamacite contains 0.55 ± 0.03 wt% Co; compositions indicate H-chondrite affinity; olivine indicates shock stage S1, plagioclase indicates S2–S3, and abundant opaque shock veins suggest S3 or higher (discrepancies may be due to annealing).  Macroscopic description (D. A. Kring, UAz):  Some individuals are crosscut by an unusually high number of metal-rich shock veins, and some specimens are composed dominantly of metal.  These metal-rich samples appear to be large single veins, or pockets of metal produced by intersecting veins.  Angular chondritic clasts may have moved a few millimeters along metal-rich veins.  Etching of centimeter-sized metal areas reveals a fine Widmanstätten pattern, bandwidth = 0.02 to 0.81 mm (average 0.32 mm).  The composition of kamacite in metal-rich regions is the same as metal in chondritic areas (0.56 ± 0.05 wt% Co).  The source of the metal in the shock veins appears to be the H-chondrite host, which is depleted in its normal complement of metal (4.4% rather than 15–19%).  Specimens:  type specimen, 49 g, and thin section, UAz; 16.5 kg mass purchased by consortium including FMNH, SI, UCLA, and UNM.  17.0 kg mass with finder; much of remaining material is being sold by commercial meteorite dealers.


Powellsville     38º40'N 82º47'W

Scioto County, Ohio, USA

Found 1990

Ordinary chondrite (H5)

A 4310 g stone was found ~40 cm underground by a man digging out a tree stump in his yard.  Classification and mineralogy (M. Prinz, AMNH):  olivine, Fa19; pyroxene, Fs17Wo0.5; weathering grade, W3.  Specimens:  main mass, AShaw; type specimen, 30.8 g, AMNH.

Primm       35º40'N 115º22'W

Clark County, Nevada, USA

Found 1997 December 23

Ordinary chondrite (H5)

104 meteorite fragments weighing a total of 3.383 kg were recovered by Nicholas, Paul and Ora Gessler and Katherine Hayles after an extensive search of Roach Dry Lake.  Many of the fragments could be fit together to form larger pieces.  The largest individual fragments weighed 281, 202, 137, 122, 109, and 101 g.  The strewn field measures approximately 1 ´ 2 miles.  Mineralogy and classification (A. Rubin, UCLA):  olivine, Fa18.5; shock stage, S2; weathering grade, W3.  Specimens:  type specimen, 27 g, UCLA; main mass, Gessler.

Quijingue  10º45'S 39º13'W

Bahia, Brazil

Found ~1984


A 59 kg meteorite was found ~1 m underground by a farmer digging holes to plant trees.  It was given by the farmer’s son to a miner, Aparecido Crespi, who had the object identified.  Classification and analysis (M. E. Zucolotto, Rio; J. T. Wasson, UCLA):  olivine, ~70 vol%; Ni content of metal, 7.5 wt%; weathering grade, W3.  Specimens:  main mass, A. Crespi, Sao Paulo, Brazil; type specimen, 650 g, Rio.

Roach        35º38'N 115º22'W

Clark County, Nevada, USA

Found 1998 January 2

Ordinary chondrite (LL6)

Three fresh meteorite fragments that fit together, weighing a total of 10.56 g, were recovered within 25 m of each other by Nicholas and Paul Gessler after an extensive search of Roach Dry Lake.  Mineralogy and classification (A. Rubin, UCLA):  olivine, Fa30.4; shock stage, S2; weathering grade, W0.  Specimens:  type specimen, 3.3 g, UCLA; main mass, Gessler. 

Roosevelt County Meteorites

Roosevelt County, New Mexico, USA

Found 1995–1996

(three meteorites)

These meteorites (Table 5) were found on sand ablation surfaces.  Classification and mineralogy by A. Brearley, UNM.


Sagd, synonym for Zag


Safsaf      ~30º16'N 4º40'W

Near Morocco/Algeria border

Found late 1998

Ordinary chondrite (L6)

Many fragments of a meteorite with a total mass of 11.87 kg were found by local people.  Inhabitants consider the site to be in Morocco, although the border with Algeria is uncertain.  Classification and mineralogy (A. Bischoff and D. Weber, Mün):  breccia; olivine Fa25.1, pyroxene Fs20.9; shock stage, S3; weathering degree, W3.  Specimens:  main mass, 11.85 kg, JNMC; type specimen, Mün.


Sahara 98007–98557, see Saharan meteorites from unknown locations


Saharan meteorites from Libya

(308 meteorites)


Found 1996–1998

At least four different anonymous finders recovered 308 meteorites from various regions of the Libyan Sahara (Table 6).  Remarkable findings include two probably paired Martian basalts (shergottites; see separate entries for DaG 476 and DaG 489), five eucrites (DaG 380, 391, 411, 567, and 609), two ureilites (DaG 485 and DaG 494), an iron meteorite falling in the low-Ni trend of IAB-IIICD iron meteorites (DaG 406), four CV chondrites (DaG 521, 526, 533 and 535), one CM chondrite (DaG 557), one CR chondrite (DaG 574), and two C3 chondrites of uncertain classification (DaG 429 and 430).


Saharan meteorites from unknown locations

Sahara, country unknown

Found 1998

(23 meteorites)

These meteorites (Table 7) have been collected by Mr. Marc Labenne and his family in the Sahara.  The Labennes will not disclose the exact locations of these meteorites at the present time.  They note that the secret origin (w, z) in Table 7 is several hundred kilometers distant from the origin (x, y) given in Meteoritical Bulletin 82.  Classified by A. Bischoff and D. Weber, Mün.  Specimens:  main masses, Labenne; type specimens, Mün.


San Pedro de Quiles          31º1'S 71º24'W

Coquimbo, Chile

Fell 1956 October

Ordinary chondrite (L6)

A 282 gram stone fell a few meters from a farm worker around 18:30 on a spring evening (date unknown).  It was recovered the next day from the bottom of a small hole after water was poured over the stone, which was thought to be hot.  The object was identified as a meteorite by a Sr. Rodriguez in Ovalle, who kept it.  Classifica­tion and mineralogy (M. Grady, NHM):  olivine, Fa24.2; pyroxene, Fs21.8; shock stage, S4; weathering grade, W1.  Specimens:  type speci­men, 1 g, plus thin section, NHM; main mass, Sr. L. Arriagada, Ingeniero Quimico U.S.A.CH., La Verbena 4907, Nuñoa, Santiago, Chile.


Saparmurat Turkmenbashy, synonym for Kunya-Urgench


Sarir Quattusah 003, see Saharan Meteorites from Libya


Slaton       33º26'N 101º45'W

Lubbock County, Texas, USA

Found 1941, recognized 1994

Ordinary chondrite (L4) 

A 1070 gram stone was found by H. M. Cade while he was plowing a cotton field.  Mr. Cade kept it on a shelf until his death.  Classi­fication and mineralogy (A. Rubin, UCLA):  olivine, Fa23.1; shock stage, S2; weathering grade, W4.  Specimens:  type specimen, 19 g, UCLA; main mass, AShaw.


Talampaya    exact location unknown


Fell ~1995

Achondrite (eucrite)

Stories circulating among meteorite dealers tell of a meteorite that fell in Argentina, producing a sonic boom that scared a mountain climber.  The climber eventually found the meteorite somewhere down range.  The location of the fall may have been in San Juan or La Rioja province.  One 1421 gram stone was recovered, and sold in the United States.  Classification and mineralogy (P. Warren, UCLA):  monomict breccia with a cataclastic texture, containing some millimeter-sized unbrecciated clasts; pyroxenes, En58.6–60.0Wo1.2–1.6 and En40.5Wo45.7; plagioclase, An89–95, mean An92; chromite contains ~1.26 wt% MgO; very low in incompatible trace elements; bulk Cr content (3400 ppm) typical of cumulate eucrites.  Oxygen isotopes (M. Prinz, AMNH):  typical eucrite composition.  Specimens:  main mass being sold by commercial meteorite dealers; 530 g, AMNH.


Tan-Tan, synonym for Zag


Tindouf   27°45'N, 8°8'W

Tindouf, Algeria

Found 1997 Winter

Ordinary Chondrite (H6)

Two individuals with a total mass of 1550 g were found near the town of Tindouf in western Algeria.  Classification and mineralogy (A. Stucki; ETH):  olivine, Fa19.0; pyroxene, Fs15.9Wo1.3; shock stage, S3; weathering degree, W2.  Specimens:  type specimen, ETH; main mass, 920 g, JNMC. 


Tinnie     33°23'N, 105°15'W

Lincoln County, New Mexico, USA

Found 1978, recognized 1999

Iron meteorite (IVB)

A 15.3 kg iron meteorite was found on a hilltop by a graduate student doing research on Barbary Sheep.  Classification and analysis (J. Wasson, UCLA):  a plessitic ataxite with numerous vugs up to 1 cm in diameter; bulk composition, Co = 0.79%, Ni = 18.4%, Cu = 4 ppm, Ga = 0.34 ppm, Ir = 16 ppm, Au = 0.14 ppm.  Specimens:  5.9 kg, Farmer; 5.3 kg, Killgore; 92 g, ASU; type specimen, 53 g, UCLA.


Toluca, see entry for Leeds


Toronto           find location unknown

Quebec (?), Canada

Found 1970s or 1980s

Iron, coarse octahedrite (IAB)

A 2.715 kg iron meteorite was found by Mr. Karl Heinz, probably while he was on a canoe trip in Quebec.  His widow gave the mete­orite to Mrs. Hildegard Weltner in 1989.  Classification (S. Kissin, LU) and petrography (G. Wilson, UTor):  kamacite bandwidth
± 0.56 mm; kamacite polygonal with Neumann bands and abundant rhabdites; troilite nodules present; no heat affected zone; bulk composition, Ni = 7.04 wt%, Co = 4810 ppm, Ga = 87 ppm; Ge = 372 ppm, Ir = 2.55 ppm, Au = 1.91 ppm; probably not paired with Canyon Diablo based on bulk composition; further information can be found in Wilson (1997).  Specimens:  type specimen, 67 g, contact Dr. Richard K.  Herd, GSC; main mass with Mrs. Hildegard Weltner, Toronto.


Vyatka, location of main mass

A 32 kg piece of a larger stone was purchased by S. Vassiliev in Prague.  The meteorite was reportedly found in the Kirov region of Russia and is undoubtedly the missing main mass of Vyatka, an H4 chondrite (see Meteoritical Bulletin 77; Wlotzka, 1994).  This material is widely distributed in collections outside of Russia under the name "Kaigorod," which will now become a synonym for Vyatka.  Classification and description of "Kaigorod" (J. Otto, Frei):  an H4/5 chondrite; olivine, Fa17.1; pyroxene, Fs15.5Wo0.9; shock stage, S3; weathering grade, W1.  Comparison of Vyatka and "Kaigorod" (M. Ivanova and A. Skripnik, Vernad):  texture, shock stage, mineral chemistry, and petrologic type all similar; Vyatka somewhat more weathered.  Specimens:  main mass, ~10 kg, Vass; 9.4 g, Frei.


Willow Grove                38º6'11"S 146º10'52"E

Victoria, Australia

Found 1995 October

Iron meteorite (ungrouped)

A 2.7 kg iron meteorite was found in 1995 October by a farmer plowing a field.  Another 9 kg individual was found the same way in 1998 July.  Classification and analysis (W. Birch, Vict; J. Wasson, UCLA):  ataxite; contains martensite with 24.5 to 29.0 wt% Ni and a few small schreibersite crystals; etching reveals a fine-scale platy structure overlain by a pervasive network of stress corrosion frac­tures which are in part crystallographically controlled; bulk analysis, Ni = 27.9 wt%, Co = 1.21 wt%, Ga = 0.23 ppm, As = 0.78 ppm, Ir = 17.4 ppm, Au = 0.233 ppm.  Specimens:  400 g, Vict; main masses with finder.


Zag          ~27º20'N 9º20'W

Western Sahara or Morocco

Fell 1998 August 4 or 5

Ordinary chondrite (H3-6)

A meteorite fall was witnessed on a mountain in the vicinity of Zag, Morocco.  About 175 kg have been sold by local people to dealers and collectors under the names Zag, Sagd, and Tan-Tan.  Classifica­tion and mineralogy (A. Bischoff and D. Weber, Mün):  a regolith breccia (pers. comm., R. Wieler, ETH); olivine, Fa1.6–30.0, with peak at Fa19; pyroxene, Fs3.3–26.6 with peak at Fs17; shock stage, S3; weathering grade, W0/1.  Specimens:  26.6 kg, JNMC; type specimens, ETH and Mün.


Zegdou    ~29º45'N 4º30'W


Found 1998 August

Ordinary chondrite (H3)

An 6.7 kg stone was found by Bruno Fectay and Carine Bidaut while searching for meteorites.  Classification and mineralogy (P. Sipiera, Harper):  olivine, Fa19.1; pyroxene, Fs16.7Wo1.8; olivine percent mean deviation is 7% (n = 18); contains dark clasts lacking chondrules.  Specimens:  type specimen, 150 g, DuPont; main mass, Fectay.

Acknowledgements–This Bulletin was prepared by the Meteorite Nomen­clature Committee of the Meteoritical Society under the Editorship of J. N. Grossman. Members of the committee for 1999 are A. Brearley, M. Grady, M. Ivanova, M. Kimura, D. Kring, J. Koblitz, G. Kurat, T. McCoy (Chair), D. Weber, M. Wadhwa, and B. Zanda.


Bourot-Denise M., Zanda B. and Hewins R. (1997) Metamorphic transformations of opaque minerals in chondrites.  In Workshop on Parent-body and Nebular Modifications of Chondritic Materials (eds. M. E. Zolensky, A. N. Krot and E. R. D. Scott), pp. 5–7.  LPI Technical Report 97-02, Lunar Planetary Institute, Houston, Texas, USA.

Bourot-Denise M. Wenmenga U. and Christophe M. (1998) The Guenie and Gao chondrites from Burkina Faso:  Probably a single shower of stones.  Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 33 (Suppl.), A181–A182.

 Chattopadhyay B., Rajawat R.S., Mathur K.N., Gajanand and Dwivedi G. L. (1998) Lohawat Meteorite:  A Howardite.  J. Geol. Soc. India 51, 171-174

Choi B-G., Ouyang X. and Wasson J. T. (1995) Classification and origin of IAB and IIICD iron meteorites.  Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. 59, 593–612.

Graham A. L., Bevan A. W. R. and Hutchison R. (1985) Catalogue of Meteorites.  British Museum of Natural History, London, U.K.  460 pp.

Huss G. I. (1976) The Huss Collection of Meteorites of the American Meteorite Laboratory.  American Meteorite Laboratory, Denver, Colorado, USA.  58 pp.

Huss G. I. (1986) The Second Huss Collection of Meteorites.  Huss Publications, Denver, Colorado, USA.  30 pp.

Kissin S. A., Plotkin H. and Bordeleau A. (1999) The Leeds, Québec, meteorite:  Its strange history and a re-evaluation of its identity.  J. Royal Astron. Soc. Canada, in press.

Singh U. K., Sisodia M. S., Shukla A. D., Chakraborty S., Suthar
K. M., Dixit M. H., Shukla P. N. and Bhandari N.
(1998) Lohawat howardite:  Chemical and mineralogical characteristics and cosmogenic records (abstract).  Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 33 (Suppl.), A146.

Stöffler D., Keil K. and Scott E. R. D. (1991) Shock metamorphism of ordinary chondrites.  Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. 55, 3845–3867.

Wilson G. C. (1997) Recent meteoritics projects, including a compact catalogue of Canadian meteorites.  Tech. Rept, Iso-Trace Lab., Univ. of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.  32 pp.

Wlotzka F. (1993) A weathering scale for the ordinary chondrites (abstract).  Meteoritics 28, 460.

Wlotzka F. (1994) The Meteoritical Bulletin no. 77, 1994 November.  Meteoritics 29, 891–897.


AML:  American Meteorite Laboratory, P.O. Box 2098, Denver, CO 80201, USA.

AMNH:  American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY 10024, USA.

ARN:  Mr. Kenneth Regelman, Astronomical Research Network, 206 Bell­wood Ave., Maplewood, MN 55117, USA.

AShaw:  Mr. Allen Shaw, P.O. Box 13166, Edwardsville, KS 66113, USA.

ASU:  Center for Meteorite Studies, Arizona State University, Box 872504, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA.

Casper:  Michael I. Casper, Meteorites, Inc., Post Office Drawer J, Ithaca, NY 14851, USA.

Cilz:  Marlin Cilz, Montana Meteorite Lab, Box 1063, Malta, MT 59538, USA.

DuPont:  James M. DuPont Meteorite Collection, Planetary Studies Foundation, 612 Chatham Circle, Algonquin, IL 60102, USA.

ETH:  Institut für Mineralogie und Petrographie, Sonneggstrasse 5, ETH Zentrum, CH-8092 Zürich, Switzerland.

Farmer:  Mr. Mike Farmer, 1001 W. St Mary, Tucson, AZ 85745, USA.

Fectay:  Bruno Fectay and Carine Bidaut, La Memoire de la Terre SARL Rue de la Mairie, 39240 La Boissiere, France.

FMNH:  Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, IL 60605, USA.

Frei:  Institut für Mineralogie, Universität Freiburg, Albertstrasse 23b, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.

Gessler:  Dr. Nicholas Gessler, 11152 Lucerne Avenue, Culver City, CA 90230, USA.

GO:  Griffith Observatory, 2800 East Observatory Road, Los Angeles, CA 90027-1255, USA

GSC:  National Meteorite Collection, Geological Survey of Canada, 601 Booth Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0G1, Canada.

GSI:  Geological Survey of India, 27 J.L. Nehru Road, Calcutta, India.

Harper:  Schmitt Meteorite Research Group, Harper College, 1200 W. Algonquin Rd., Palatine, IL 60067, USA

Heinlein:  Dieter Heinlein, Lilienstrasse 3, 86156 Augsburg, Germany.

IWilson:  Mr. Ivan E. Wilson, 457 RR 0, Portales, NM 88130, USA.

JNMC:  JNMC Zürich, P.O. Box 3953, 8052 Zürich-Birchhof, Switzerland.

JSC:  Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX 77058, USA

Killgore:  M. and K. Killgore, Southwest Meteorite Laboratory, P.O. Box 95, Payson, AZ 85547, USA.

LU:  Department of Geology, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, Ontario P7B 5E1, Canada.

MNA-SI:  Museo Nazionale dell’Antartide, Università di Siena, Via Laterina 8, I-53100 Siena, Italy.

MNB:  Museum für Naturkunde, Invalidenstrasse 43, D-10115 Berlin, Germany

MNHNL:   Museu Nacional de Historia Natural, R. da Escola Politecnica, 158, 1200 Lisbon, Portugal.

MNHNP:  Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.

MPI:  Max Planck Institut für Chemie, Mainz, Germany.

Mün:  Institut für Planetologie, Wilhelm-Klemm-Strasse 10, 48149 Münster, Germany.

MUO:  Department of Geology, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio 45056, USA.

NHCT:  National Hydrometeorological Committee of Turkmenistan, Azady Str. 81, Ashgabat 744000, Turkmenistan.

NHM:  The Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom.

NHMV:  Naturhistorisches Museum, Postfach 417, A-1014 Wien, Austria.

OShaw:  Mr. Oza Shaw, P.O. Box 13213, Edwardsville, KS 66113, USA.

OU:  Planetary Sciences Research Institute, Open University, Milton Keynes, UK.

Reed:  Blaine Reed, 907 County Road 207 #17, Durango, CO 81301, USA

Rio:  Museu Nacional, Quinta da Boa Vista, Rio de Janeiro, CEP 20940-040 Brazil.

Schwade:  James Schwade, 969 South Chicago St., Kankakee, IL 60901, USA.

SI:  Dept. of Mineral Sciences, NHB-119, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560, USA.

SWilson:  Mr. Skip Wilson, 457 RR 0, Portales, NM 88130, USA.

Turk:  Scientific Research Geological Prospective Institute of State Corporation, "Turkmengeology", Magtymduly Str. 81, Ashgabat, 744000 Turkmenistan.

UArk:  Cosmochemistry Group, Dept. Chemistry & Biochemistry, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, 72701, USA.

UAz:  Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA.

UCB:  Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-7450, USA.

ULis:  Departamento de Geologia, FCUL, Universidade de Lisboa, Edificio C-2, Campo Grande 1700, Lisbon, Portugal.

UND:  Department of Geology and Geological Engineering, Univ. of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, USA 58202

UNM:  Institute of Meteoritics, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA.

UPad:  Centro di Studio per la Geodinamica Alpina, Dipartimento di Mineralogia e Petrologia, Universita di Padova, Corso Garibaldi 37, 35137 Padova, Italy.

UTor:  IsoTrace Laboratory, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A7, Canada.

Vass:  Serguei Vassiliev meteorites, P.O. Box 10, Prague 9, 19921, Czech Republic.

Vernad:  Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Kosygin Str. 19, Moscow 117975, Russia.

Vict:  Museum of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia.