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Basic information Name: Sulagiri
     This is an OFFICIAL meteorite name.
Abbreviation: There is no official abbreviation for this meteorite.
Observed fall: Yes
Year fell: 2008
Country: India
Mass:help 110 kg
Meteoritical Bulletin:  MB 96  (2009)  LL6
Recommended:  LL6    [explanation]

This is 1 of 2942 approved meteorites (plus 2 unapproved names) classified as LL6.   [show all]
Search for other: LL chondrites, LL chondrites (type 4-7), Ordinary chondrites, and Ordinary chondrites (type 4-7)
Comments: Approved 16 Apr 2009
Writeup from MB 96:

Sulagiri                   12°41′N, 77°56′E

Sulagiri, Krishnagiri District, Tamil Nadu, India

Fall: 12 September 12, 2008; 08:30 h (Indian Standard Time) (UT+5.5)

Ordinary chondrite (LL6)

History: On September 12, 2008, around 08.30 h, a meteorite fell from the NW sky and was observed by several people of villages closely located around the town of Sulagiri. A screeching noise was heard coming from the north and a bang was heard subsequently by some eye witnesses. The meteorite fragmented at least once in transit, which led to multiple falls around a cluster of villages, defining an elliptical strewn field measuring 3 km along the NW-SE direction and 1 km across. The sizes of the meteorites increase from W to E.

Physical characteristics: Seven pieces were retrieved and field data were collected (V. Krishnan and K. Nagarajan, GSI). Three pieces from Adda Gurikki village (12°41′00′′N, 77°57′10′′E), weighing a total of 50 kg (13 kg, 11 kg, and 26 kg), two pieces from Rautapalli village (12°41.53′N, 77°56.67′E), weighing 45 kg (29 kg and 16 kg) and one piece each from Gangapuram (12°41.32′N, 77°55.53′′E) and Addagurikki Kottur (12°41.46′′N, 77°56.88′E), 6 kg each, were recovered. The total mass of the fall is more than 110 kg, the largest reported fall in the Indian subcontinent. The meteorite samples are fresh, light gray colored on broken surfaces and covered by thin, light brownish to dark colored fusion crust on partly broken to complete faces.

Petrography (Basab Chattopadhyay, GSI): Sulagiri is composed dominantly of olivine and pyroxene. Capyroxene is rare and mostly occurs within low-Ca pyroxene. Troilite is more abundant than Fe-Ni metal. Feldspar grains are common. Chondrules are rare, range from about 200 to 500 μm in diameter and are mostly poorly defined and integrated with the recrystallized matrix.

Mineral compositions and geochemistry (Basab Chattopadhyay, GSI): Average low-Ca pyroxene is Fs21.9 (N = 86) and olivine is Fa25.4 (N = 54). Feldspar averages Ab83.5An10.6Or5.9. Percent mean deviations (PMD) of Fs in low-Ca pyroxene and Fa in olivine are 2.9 and 2.2, respectively. Shock stage is S2. Bulk chemical composition by XRF and ICP-MS (P. N. Shukla, K. Durga Prasad and S. V. S. Murty, PRL) gives Fe = 18.3%, Ni = 1.03% and Co = 480 ppm.

Classification: Ordinary chondrite (LL6).

Type specimens: Total mass of 110 kg and three thin sections are with GSI 
Data from:
  Table 7
  Line 13:
State/Prov/County:Sulagiri, Krishnagiri District, Tamil Na
Mass (g):110000
Shock stage:S2
Fayalite (mol%):25.4
Ferrosilite (mol%):21.9
Classifier:B. Chattopadhyay, GSI
Type spec mass (g):110
Type spec location:GSI
Main mass:GSI
   and collections
GSI: The Director General, Geological Survey of India, 27, J.L.N Road, Kolkata 700 016, West Bengal, India., India; Website (institutional address; updated 18 Oct 2018)
PRL: Physical Research Laboratory, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad, 380 009, India; Website (institutional address; updated 6 Dec 2017)
References: Published in Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 96, MAPS 44, 1355-1397 (2009)
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     Recommended::   (12° 40'N, 78° 2'E)

     This is 1 of 5 approved meteorites from Tamil Nadu, India
     This is 1 of 146 approved meteorites from India (plus 10 unapproved names) (plus 2 impact craters)
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