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Breitscheid
Basic information Name: Breitscheid
     This is an OFFICIAL meteorite name.
Abbreviation: There is no official abbreviation for this meteorite.
Observed fall: Yes
Year fell: 1956
Country: Germany
Mass:help 1500 g
Classification
  history:
Meteoritical Bulletin:  MB 2  (1957)  Chondrite
NHM Catalogue:  5th Edition  (2000)  H5
MetBase:  v. 7.1  (2006)  H5
Recommended:  H5    [explanation]

This is 1 of 9275 approved meteorites (plus 11 unapproved names) classified as H5.   [show all]
Search for other: H chondrites, H chondrites (type 4-7), Ordinary chondrites, and Ordinary chondrites (type 4-7)
Writeuphelp
Writeup from MB 2:
Warning: the following text was scanned and may contain character recognition errors. Refer to the original to be sure of accuracy.

THE FALL OF THE BREITSHEID METEORITE

Name: BREITSHEID

The place of fall or discovery: φ = 50°40'.1 N;  λ = 8°11'.1E.  near the small town of Breitsheid, 8 km to the west of Heiborn, Dill district, Hessen, West Ger­many.

Date of fall or discovery: 11 August 1956, between 15:30 and 15:45 European mean time.

Class and type: stone, meteorite, light grey chondrit.

The number of separate specimens: 1 (?); it measures 5 x 10 x 15 cm.

Total weight: the initial total weight is assumed to be some what less than 1 kg.

The circumstances of the fall or discovery: the fall of the meteorite was observed as a short, light yellow, somewhat reddish fiery trail. Judging by the broken branches of trees and the aspect of the hole, it may be concluded that the meteorite fell from west to east at an angle of 45°. During the fall, sounds were heard resembling a locomo­tive letting out steam. No crash was heard. The meteorite was found 30 min. after its fall. The person who discovered the stone thought it must have fallen from an aeroplane that had recently flown past and that it was of no scientific value whatever. The meteorite remained warm for a long time. As a result of striking a stone in the ground the meteorite must have broken into 14 pieces at least.

At the end of September the fall of the meteorite became known at the Max-Plank-Institute (Mainz, W.G.) of Chemisry. Measures were taken to collect the fragments that it was still possible to find.

Judging by the fragments and also by the depth of the hole it may be concluded that the initial weight of the stone must have been somewhat less than 1 kg.

The fall of the meteorite was seen by Mrs. Reich (who was standing 45 metres from the spot where it fell), Mr. Reich, Mrs. Fork and Mr. Zenzin­ger. Günter Thielmann took care of the meteorite and reported the fall.

According to G. Thielmann the chemical composition of the meteorite is as follows:

SiO2, 40.83 %; MgO,  27.17 %; CaO,  2.21%; Al2O3, 1.04 %; TiO2,  0.30 %; Fe,  20.78 %; Ni,  1.69 %; Co, 0.37 %; Mn,  0.33 %; P,  0.20 %; C,  0.37 %; S, 2.12 %.

The main mass of the meteorite is in the Max-Plank-Institute of Che­mistry, where chemical, radiochemical and petrographical investigations are being made. The results of the investigations will be published in "Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta".

Sources:  1. A letter written by Prof. F. Paneth (Mainz) to E.L. Krinov dated March 27, 1957.  2. A letter written by Prof. E. Preuss (Munich) to E.L. Krinov dated March 23, 1957.

Catalogs:
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Search for this meteorite in the Natural History Museum collection (U.K.):   
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References: Published in Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 2, Moscow (1957)
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Photos:
CreditPhotos
Photos uploaded by members of the Encyclopedia of Meteorites.
    (Caution, these are of unknown reliability)
Gerald Armstrong   
Riesgeologie   
Geography:

Germany
Coordinates:
     Catalogue of Meteorites:   (50° 40' 1"N, 8° 11' 1"E)
     Recommended::   (50° 40' 1"N, 8° 11' 1"E)
Note: the NHM and MetBase coordinates are 1.1 m apart

Statistics:
     This is 1 of 5 approved meteorites from Hessen, Germany (plus 1 unapproved name)
     This is 1 of 52 approved meteorites from Germany (plus 22 unapproved names) (plus 2 impact craters)
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