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Buffalo Gap
Basic information Name: Buffalo Gap
     This is an OFFICIAL meteorite name.
Abbreviation: There is no official abbreviation for this meteorite.
Observed fall: No
Year found: 2003
Country: United States
Mass:help 9.3 kg
Meteoritical Bulletin:  MB 98  (2010)  Iron, IAB-ung
Recommended:  Iron, IAB-ung    [explanation]

This is 1 of 68 approved meteorites classified as Iron, IAB-ung.   [show all]
Search for other: IAB complex irons, Iron meteorites, and Metal-rich meteorites
Comments: Approved 8 Jun 2010
Writeup from MB 98:

Buffalo Gap        32°14’46"N, 99°59’35"W

Taylor County, Texas, United States

Found: 2003

Classification: Iron meteorite (IAB, ungrouped)

History:  A single 9.3 kg mass was found by Kevin Halliburton in 2003. It was found lying on a section of exposed limestone bedrock on his property, in the vicinity of limestone rubble presumed to have been moved from a nearby road-cut.  Mr. Halliburton recognized the unusual appearance and density of the rock.  Noting that it was magnetic and possessed other qualities common to iron meteorites, he suspected that it might be a meteorite and contacted A. Rubin at UCLA.

Physical characteristics:  The 9.3 kg mass is of irregular shape, and measures 21 × 15 × 9 cm at its widest points.  It is lightly weathered and displays well defined regmaglypts, but no fusion crust remains.  Minor caliche is present on the underside of the specimen, and over twenty (presumably troilite) inclusions are visible on its surface. 

Petrography: (J. Wasson, UCLA) Two pieces, weighing 15.7 and 18.7 grams, were examined. An area ~15×20 mm on the smaller sample was polished and etched.  It shows a well defined Widmanstätten pattern with kamacite rimmed by bright taenite borders. The kamacite is swollen with mean width 1.3±0.1 mm, on the border between Om and Og but probably on the Om side. Occasional schreibersites are scattered throughout the kamacite. The larger sample displays an 8 ×10 mm FeS nodule ringed by a 0.2-0.3 mm thick rim of schreibersite. The composition of the iron is almost identical to that of the IAB ungrouped FeS-rich iron Waterville, an iron with an exceptionally high content of FeS. Considering the large amount of FeS visible on the surface of the main mass, this iron would appear to be a new member of the Mundrabilla grouplet in the IAB complex.

Geochemistry: Bulk Composition: INAA data (J. T. Wasson, UCLA): Co = 4.8 mg g-1, Ni = 80 mg g-1, Cu = 212 mg g-1, Ga = 75 μg g-1, Ge = 280 μg g-1, As = 16 μg g-1, Ru = 4.9 μg g-1, Sb = 410 ng g-1, W = 0.86 μg g-1, Ir = 0.44 μg g-1, Au = 1.64 μg g-1.

Classification: Iron meteorite, ungrouped member of the IAB complex, medium octahedrite; member of the Mundrabilla grouplet.

Specimens: Type specimen, 33 g, UCLA; main mass, JUtas

Data from:
  Table 1
  Line 262:
State/Prov/County:Taylor County, Texas
Origin or pseudonym:Transported rubble.
Mass (g):9300
Class:Iron, IAB-ung
Classifier:J.T. Wasson, UCLA
Type spec mass (g):33
Type spec location:UCLA
Main mass:JUtas
Comments:medium octahedrite; submitted by J. Utas
   and collections
UCLA: Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1567, United States (institutional address; updated 17 Oct 2011)
JUtas: Jason Utas, United States (private address; updated 8 Jun 2010)
References: Published in Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 98, MAPS 45, 1530-1551 (2010)
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United States
     Recommended::   (32° 14' 46"N, 99° 59' 35"W)

     This is 1 of 314 approved meteorites from Texas, United States (plus 2 unapproved names) (plus 3 impact craters)
     This is 1 of 1919 approved meteorites from United States (plus 867 unapproved names) (plus 28 impact craters)
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