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Basic information Name: Annama
     This is an OFFICIAL meteorite name.
Abbreviation: There is no official abbreviation for this meteorite.
Observed fall: Yes, confirmed fall
Year fell: 2014
Country: Russia
Mass:help 167.9 g
Meteoritical Bulletin:  MB 104  (2015)  H5
Recommended:  H5    [explanation]

This is 1 of 11801 approved meteorites (plus 23 unapproved names) classified as H5.   [show all]
Search for other: H chondrites, H chondrites (type 4-7), Ordinary chondrites, and Ordinary chondrites (type 4-7)
Comments: Approved 25 Apr 2015
Writeup from MB 104:

Annama        68.77491°N, 30.78726°E

Murmanskaya oblast’, Russia

Confirmed fall: 2014 Apr 19

Classification: Ordinary chondrite (H5)

History: A bright fireball appeared in the night sky over the Kola Peninsula, close to the Finnish border, on April 19, 2014. It was instrumentally recorded in Finland from the Kuusamo, Mikkeli and Muhos observing sites belonging to the Finnish Fireball Working Group. Additionally, a publicly available video made by Alexandr Nesterov in Snezhnogorsk, Russia, from the opposite side of the fireball track, was carefully calibrated and taken into account in trajectory reconstruction. The fireball was very bright and was witnessed by many eye-witnesses in Russia, Finland, and Norway. The trajectory reconstruction, dark flight simulations and pre-impact orbit determination were done by Esko Lyytinen, Jarmo Moilanen, Steinar Midtskogen, Maria Gritsevich, Valery Lupovka, and Vasily Dmitriev. The initial mass of meteoroid was estimated to be about 500 kg. Based on the analysis of fireball observations it was predicted that part of the meteoroid survived atmospheric entry and reached the ground. Therefore, a meteorite recovery expedition was organized to search the calculated landing area. The international expedition participants were Alexei Ischenko, Tomas Kohout, Nikolai Kruglikov, and Grigory Yakovlev, logistically supported by Maria Gritsevich and Viktor Grokhovsky. The 5-day expedition took place at the end of May following snow melt and preceding vegetation growth. On May 29, 2014, a first 120.4 g meteorite fragment was found by Nikolai Kruglikov on a local forest road within the predicted impact area. A second 47.5 g meteorite fragment was found by Alexei Ischenko nearby on the following day. The name Annama is after a nearby river which is the closest landmark to the find location. Two subsequent expeditions did not lead to recovery of more meteorites.

Physical characteristics: The 120.4 g meteorite is ~70% covered with black fusion crust, with apparent stream lines on one side. The fresh surface is bright with abundant thin dark impact melt veins. The 47.5 g meteorite is fully covered with dark fusion crust. Bulk density of both meteorites (measured with modified Archimedean method using glass beads) is 3.5 g/cm3, grain density of both meteorites (measured with gas pycnometry) is 3.8 g/cm3. Resulting porosity is 5-8% (values measured by T. Kohout and M. Gritsevich, UHelsinki). Bulk density of the second meteorite (measured with Archimedean method using ethanol) is 3.6 g/cm3 (values measured by G. Yakovlev at UrFU). Magnetic susceptibility of both meteorites is log χ = 5.4 (χ in 10-9 m3/kg, measured by T. Kohout and G. Yakovlev).

Petrography: Classification (J. Haloda, P. Halodova, CzGS) Thin sections show a recrystallized fine-grained granular texture. Chondrule shapes are readily delineated. Irregular fractures in olivine and undulatory extinction of olivine and plagioclase indicate a shock stage of S2. Thin veins of impact melt are also present.

Geochemistry: EPMA results (J. Haloda, P. Halodova, CzGS ), Olivine Fa18.6±0.3 (N=60) and low-Ca pyroxene Fs16.6±0.2 and Wo1.26±0.26 (N=65). Also present are diopside (Fs6Wo46), plagioclase (Ab80An14Or6), chromite, chlorapatite, merrillite, troilite, kamacite, taenite and tetrataenite.

Classification (J. Haloda, P. Halodova, CzGS), Ordinary chondrite, H5, S2, W0.

Specimens: 120.4 g main meteorite was divided into a 98.4 g type specimen (UrFU), 6.2 g cut-off (Vernad), 2 thin sections (Vernad and LTKM) and several smaller (below 1 g) fragments (UHelsinki). Second 47.5 g meteorite was divided into 40.0 g and 6.6 g fragments, both located in UHelsinki.

Data from:
  Table 0
  Line 0:
State/Prov/County:Murmanskaya oblast'
Date:2014 Apr 19
Mass (g):167.9
Shock stage:S2
Weathering grade:W0
Fayalite (mol%):18.6±0.3 (N=60)
Ferrosilite (mol%):16.6±0.2 (N=65)
Wollastonite (mol%):1.26±0.26 (N=65)
Magnetic suscept.:5.4
Classifier:J. Haloda, P. Halodova, CzGS
Type spec mass (g):98.4 g
Type spec location:UrFU
Main mass:UrFU
Finder:Nikolai Kruglikov and Alexey Ischenko
Comments:Abundant thin impact melt veins. The case is also known as Kola or Murmansk fireball.; submitted by Viktor Grokhovsky
   and collections
Vernad: Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russia (institutional address; updated 21 Feb 2016)
CzGS: Czech Geological Survey, Klárov 3, 118 21 Praha 1, Czech Republic (institutional address; updated 27 Jun 2011)
UrFU: Ural Federal University, 620002, 19 Mira street, Ekaterinburg, Russia (institutional address; updated 14 Jan 2015)
LTKM: Arto Luttinen Finnish Museum of Natural History P.O.Box 44 (Jyrängöntie 2) 00014 University of Helsinki Finland, Finland; Website (institutional address; updated 14 Jan 2015)
UHelsinki: University of Helsinki, Department of Physics, P.O. Box 64, 00014 Helsinki University, Finland (institutional address; updated 25 Apr 2015)
References: Published in Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 104, MAPS 52, 2284, Octover 2017, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/maps.12930/full
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     Recommended::   (68° 46' 30"N, 30° 47' 14"E)

     This is the only approved meteorite from Murmanskaya oblast', Russia
     This is 1 of 156 approved meteorites from Russia (plus 5 unapproved names) (plus 19 impact craters)
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