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Basic information Name: Porangaba
     This is an OFFICIAL meteorite name.
Abbreviation: There is no official abbreviation for this meteorite.
Observed fall: Yes, confirmed fall
Year fell: 2015
Country: Brazil
Mass:help 976 g
Meteoritical Bulletin:  MB 104  (2015)  L4
Recommended:  L4    [explanation]

This is 1 of 2072 approved meteorites (plus 5 unapproved names) classified as L4.   [show all]
Search for other: L chondrites, L chondrites (type 4-7), Ordinary chondrites, and Ordinary chondrites (type 4-7)
Comments: Approved 24 May 2015
Writeup from MB 104:

Porangaba        23°09’36"S, 48°10’52"W

Sao Paulo, Brazil

Confirmed fall: 2015 Jan 9

Classification: Ordinary chondrite (L4)

History: At about 17:35 pm (UTC) on January 9, 2015, a daylight fireball was witnessed in a large area of São Paulo, Brazil. On the same day, the submitter received an e-mail from P. Gama with a picture of a 450 g stone recovered by his employee Julio C. Silva and his son at the rural area of Porangaba. Another mass of 520 g was recovered the next day by Mr. José Maria and his nephew. In both recoveries, a loud thunder was heard which persisted for some time as rumbling noise, that also drew the attention of neighbors. Although some inhabitants heard falling objects near them and many efforts were done in order to recover other stones, only A. Moutinho has recovered additional pieces (2.9 and 3.5 g) to date.

Physical characteristics: The two largest masses are semi-prismatic and almost fully covered by fusion crust with only small pitted corners. Of the two smallest masses, one is fully crusted, the other has only one side crusted.

Petrography: (M. E. Zucolotto, MNRJ) The meteorite is friable and a broken surface shows protuberant well defined chondrules of distinct sizes. In thin section, the chondrules display a variety of types (RP, POP, PP, BO, PO and C). Fe-Ni grains occupy ~6 % of the area. Troilite is also present and sometimes associated with kamacite and plessite. Olivine grains show sharp extinction.

Geochemistry: (A. Tosi, IGEO-UFRJ) Microprobe analyses show an equilibrated olivine and pyroxene composition of Olivine (Fa23.7±0.5; n=18), low-Ca pyroxene (Fs20.5±0.5Wo1.0±0.2; n=16) and kamacite (6.4±0.5 % Ni and 0.94±0.1 % Co; n=15)

Classification: The mean olivine, low-Ca pyroxene and kamacite compositions indicate that Porangaba is an L-group chondrite. The chondrules are very well defined and with homogeneous composition, although they exhibit a clear recrystallized matrix. The absence of visible plagioclase grains indicates the petrologic type 4. The rock has been weakly shocked and most of the olivine grains shows weak undulatory extinction, equivalent to shock stage S2. Metallic Fe-Ni grains show no signs of alteration, consistent with weathering grade W0. (L4, S2, W0).

Specimens: Type specimen, 20 g at MNRJ. The 450 g mass is held intact by P. Gama, and the 2.9 and 3.5 g specimens with Andre Moutinho. From the 520 g main mass kept by José Maria, a slice was removed from which the type specimen was obtained and some samples were distributed among many private collectors.

Data from:
  Table 0
  Line 0:
State/Prov/County:Sao Paulo
Origin or pseudonym:field
Date:2015 Jan 9
Mass (g):976.4
Shock stage:S2
Weathering grade:W0
Fayalite (mol%):23.7 ± 0.50
Ferrosilite (mol%):20.5 ± 0.5
Wollastonite (mol%):1.0 ± 0.2
Classifier:M. E. Zucolotto, MNRJ
Type spec mass (g):20
Type spec location:MNRJ
Main mass:Finders
Finder:Julio C. Silva, José Maria, and Rafael N. Ferreira
Comments:Submitted by Maria Elizabeth Zucolotto
   and collections
MNRJ: Museu Nacional, Quinta da Boa Vista, Rio de Janeiro, CEP 20940-040, Brazil (institutional address; updated 26 Dec 2011)
IGEO-UFRJ: Instituto de Geociências, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (institutional address; updated 17 Oct 2014)
References: Published in Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 104, MAPS 52, 2284, Octover 2017, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/maps.12930/full
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Photos uploaded by members of the Encyclopedia of Meteorites.
    (Caution, these are of unknown reliability)
Carlos Di Pietro Bella         
Don Cuarzo   
Jose Maria Micoli   
Paulo Anselmo Matioli (JN Science Museum)   
Rodrigo Guerra         
Samuel Wanderley   
UFSCar Observatory   

     Recommended::   (23° 9' 36"S, 48° 10' 52"W)

     This is 1 of 5 approved meteorites from Sao Paulo, Brazil (plus 1 impact crater)
     This is 1 of 88 approved meteorites from Brazil (plus 6 unapproved names) (plus 7 impact craters)
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