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Basic information Name: Mazichuan
     This is an OFFICIAL meteorite name.
Abbreviation: There is no official abbreviation for this meteorite.
Observed fall: Yes, confirmed fall
Year fell: 2016
Country: China
Mass:help 3.28 kg
Meteoritical Bulletin:  MB 107  (2018)  Diogenite
Recommended:  Diogenite    [explanation]

This is 1 of 523 approved meteorites classified as Diogenite.   [show all]
Search for other: Achondrites, Diogenites, and HED achondrites
Comments: Approved 1 Apr 2018
Writeup from MB 107:

Mazichuan        36.693°N, 108.30°E

Shaanxi, China

Confirmed fall: 2016 Sept 16

Classification: HED achondrite (Diogenite)

History: On 16 September 2016, at about 15:00 local time, many residents from several villages heard an airplane-like noise followed by three loud sonic booms. A woman in Mazichuan witnessed dusty smoke rising from a hillside 100 m away from her home. She went to the hillside and picked up a black stone in a hole. She then knocked off a corner of the stone and found greenish crystals inside. The stone was abandoned outside her yard and later picked up by her neighbor. Photos of the stone with black fusion crust and greenish crystals appeared on an amateur meteorite website in November 2016. A Chinese meteorite collector (Wang Ziyao) contacted the holders. He went to the fall site three times (April, June, and September 2017) and did a thorough investigation. Mr. Wang confirmed the fall account. A total of three stones (1302, 1100, and 880 g) were recovered by residents. The largest was bought from a local villager by a meteorite hobbyist (Liu Yukun) on December 1, 2017.

Physical characteristics: The hand specimen is covered with a fresh black fusion crust. Numerous mm-sized greenish crystals can be seen on the exposed section.

Petrography: A monomict breccia mainly consisting of coarse-grained orthopyroxene (a few mm) set in a fine-grained matrix of orthopyroxene. Accessory minerals are chromite, sulfide, FeNi metal and silica. Anorthite was not found.

Geochemistry: Orthopyroxene grains have very homogeneous compositions regardless their grain size. Orthopyroxene (Fs20.9-22.5Wo1.3-2.2), Fe/Mn (cation ratio) range from 25.2 to 33.6 with an average of 29.8±2.1 (n=32).

Specimens: 36 g at PMO, a 1.3 kg mass with Mr. Liu Yukun, and two other masses are in the possession of local finders.

Data from:
  Table 0
  Line 0:
Origin or pseudonym:Mountains
Date:2016 Sept 16
Mass (g):3282
Ferrosilite (mol%):21.5±0.4 (n=32)
Wollastonite (mol%):1.7±0.2 (n=32)
Classifier:Wu Y., PMO
Type spec mass (g):36
Type spec location:PMO
Main mass:Liu Yukun
Comments:Submitted by Hsu W.
   and collections
PMO: Purple Mountain Observatory, Nanjing, China (institutional address; updated 16 Dec 2011)
References: Published in Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 107, MAPS 55, 460-462
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Photos uploaded by members of the Encyclopedia of Meteorites.
    (Caution, these are of unknown reliability)
Corey Kuo                              
Qi Lv   
Ziyao Wang                        
Public domain photographs:
Weibiao Hsu   

     Recommended::   (36° 41' 35"N, 108° 18' 0"E)

     This is 1 of 2 approved meteorites from Shaanxi, China
     This is 1 of 518 approved meteorites from China (plus 14 unapproved names) (plus 1 impact crater)
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