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Calama 022
Basic information Name: Calama 022
     This is an OFFICIAL meteorite name.
Abbreviation: There is no official abbreviation for this meteorite.
Observed fall: No
Year found: 2017
Country: Chile
Mass:help 32 kg
Recommended:  L6    [explanation]

This is 1 of 10776 approved meteorites (plus 3 unapproved names) classified as L6.   [show all]
Search for other: L chondrites, L chondrites (type 4-7), Ordinary chondrites, and Ordinary chondrites (type 4-7)
Comments: Approved 14 Dec 2018
Writeup from MB 107:

Calama 022        22°18.192’S, 68°33.0557’W

Antofagasta, Chile

Find: 2017 Oct 15

Classification: Ordinary chondrite (L6)

History: The meteorite (1 piece 12 kg and many smaller fragments) was found October 15, 2017 by Timur Kryachko.

Physical characteristics: Total mass is about 32 kg. Many similar meteorite framents were collected in area about 40 square meters. Largest stone (about 12 kg) ~12% covered by fusion crust. Fragments all have different shapes plus very rare fragments of fusion crust. The interior of the meteorite is light brown, whereas the surface is dark brown. Some cracks (up to 0.3 mm in thickness) are filled by alunite.

Petrography: (Pavel Yu. Plechov, FMMR). The main part of the meteorite contains many chondrules without clear borders. Chondrule sizes vary from 400 to 800 µm. Some chondrules (about 5%) have clear barred olivine textures, with plagioclase between the bars. Most of the chondrules consist of Ol+Opx with Cpx+Pl interstitial. Matrix consists of olivine and low-Ca pyroxene grains (70-200 µm) with aggregates of Ca-pyroxene and plagioclase. Plagioclase grains (An10.4-10.8) are about 40-70 µm. These features indicate a petrologic type of 6 for the meteorite. Rare Fe-Ni metal blebs (up to 300 µm) and very rare troilite (up to 30 µm) occur in matrix. Metal consists of kamacite and taenite (with 35-53 wt.% of Ni). Olivine has no undulatory extinction; this plus the absence of opaque shock veins and melt pockets indicates a shock stage of S1. Weathering products (goethite, "hydrogoethite") occur as veins and in situ alteration of FeNi-metals. Troilite, olivine, pyroxene, chromite, metal are fresh and not weathered (weathering grade W1).

Geochemistry: Mineral composition and Geochemistry: EDS-WDS analyses (Pavel Yu. Plechov, FMMR). The primary chondrite paragenesis includes olivine Fa25.35±0.56 (N=25), orthopyroxene Fs20.7±0.7Wo1.47±0.29 (N=21), plagioclase Ab82.0An10.6Or6.7 (N=4), Cr-bearing clinopyroxene En46.6Fs9.1Wo44.1 (N=2), chromite Crt75.6Spl9.1 (N=2) and Cl-apatite. No merrillite occurred in the meteorite. Composition of kamacite (in wt.%, N=1): Fe 93.78, Ni 5.25, Co 0.75. Taenite (N=4) contains 33.85 and 0.46 wt.% of Ni and Co, respectively. Troilite is close to ideal FeS.

Classification: (Pavel Yu. Plechov, FMMR). Ordinary chondrite. L6, S1, W1.

Specimens: Timur Kryachko, Ilya Kryachko, Mikhail Nepomiluev holds main mass about 32 kg. 60 g (7 small fragments) and thin section, FMMR.

Data from:
  Table 0
  Line 0:
Origin or pseudonym:plain
Date:2017 Oct 15
Mass (g):32 kg
Shock stage:S1
Weathering grade:W1
Fayalite (mol%):25.4±0.6 (N=25)
Ferrosilite (mol%):20.7±0.7 (N=21)
Wollastonite (mol%):1.5±0.3 (N=21)
Classifier:Pavel Yu. Plechov, FMMR
Type spec mass (g):60
Type spec location:FMMR
Main mass:Timur Kryachko, Ilya Kryachko, Mikhail Nepomiluev
Finder:Timur Kryachko
Comments:Submitted by Pavel Yu. Plechov, pplechov@gmail.com
   and collections
FMMR: Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Leninskiy prospekt 18 korpus 2, Moscow, Russia, 119071, Russia; Website (institutional address; updated 24 Feb 2018)
References: Published in Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 107, in preparation (2018)
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Photos from the Encyclopedia of Meteorites:
Timur Kryachko   

     Recommended::   (22° 18' 12"S, 68° 33' 3"W)

     This is 1 of 1307 approved meteorites from Antofagasta, Chile (plus 1 unapproved name) (plus 1 impact crater)
     This is 1 of 1334 approved meteorites from Chile (plus 7 unapproved names) (plus 1 impact crater)
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