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Northwest Africa 12604
Basic information Name: Northwest Africa 12604
     This is an OFFICIAL meteorite name.
Abbreviation: NWA 12604
Observed fall: No
Year found: 2017
Country: (Northwest Africa)
Mass:help 631 g
Meteoritical Bulletin:  MB 108  (2020)  Lunar (feldsp. breccia)
Recommended:  Lunar (feldsp. breccia)    [explanation]

This is 1 of 341 approved meteorites classified as Lunar (feldsp. breccia).   [show all]
Search for other: Lunar meteorites
Comments: Approved 15 May 2019
Writeup from MB 108:

Northwest Africa 12604 (NWA 12604)

(Northwest Africa)

Purchased: 2017 Oct 29

Classification: Lunar meteorite (feldspathic breccia)

History: Purchased 29 Oct 2017 at the Munich show from Aziz Habibi. According to Mr. Habibi the meteorite was unpaired.

Physical characteristics: A slice with a thickness of 2 mm was availabe. The interior of the sample appears fresh, the surface partly wind ablated and shiny - in part the minerals and clast are visible on the surface. No unequivocal fusion crust, on one side a fine layer of attached desert sand.

Petrography: Macroscopic: The cut surface of the interior appears black and dark gray, with well visible white clasts of plagioclase. Mafic minerals appear gray and black and are not easily discerned from the dark matrix. Many very fine white veines transect the sample. Microscopic. Complex and polyphase breccia with different generations of impact melts and fine grained matrices. More than 50% of the thin section appear black in polarized transmitted light and are thus interpreted as glass. On the EMPA different degree of devitrification and extremely fine (re?)crystallisation are visible in such glasses. The largest rock- or mineral-clasts are approx. 3 mm, the smallest grains <1 μm. Larger glass shards with included rock and mineral fragments up to 1 cm account for about 50% of the bulk, but glass is also frequent in the rest of the sample. A weak planar arrangement is visible, interpreted as a irregular layering due to fall out of impact material. Glass beads and agglutinates are present, indicative for lunar regolith. The main fraction of the sample stems from a feldspathic moon area (ANT-Suite, gabbro clast) but also basalt clasts (even mare type) are observed as minor components. A fraction of the plagioclase grains and clasts are completely transformed to maskelynite. Other grains show complex fracturing, fine grained recrystallisation and irregular extinction. Pyroxene frequently show undulous or patchy extinction. Aditional observed phases are illmenite, chrome-spinel and Fe-Ni metal. Terrestrial calcite fills veins and vesicles in agglutinates.

Geochemistry: Composition of Ca-poor pyroxene (pigeonite or othopyroxene) (n=42): Fs27.30±10.56Wo7.29±4.77 (range Fs12.73-78.07Wo2.61-19.94); Fe/Mg = 0.42, Fe/Mn 54.42 (one exceptionally Mg-rich point excluded from ratios). Composition of Ca-rich pyroxen (clinopyroxene) (n=15): Fs31.00±19.24Wo29.65±6.85 (range Fs8.54-59.58Wo20.56-38.36); Fe/Mg = 1.40, Fe/Mn 50.35. Olivine composition (n=27): Fa30.54±9.71 (range Fa19.25-60.92); Fe/Mg = 0.48, Fe/Mn 88.78. Plagioclase composition (n=73): An95.80±1.20Or0.34±0.24 (range An90.71-97.74Or0.01-1.28). Melt compositions vary strongly with xSi 29.7-46.5, xCa 9.9-17.6, xFe 3.8-16.3, xMg 7.5-21.1 and xTi 0.0-3.2. Fe/Mn ratios of silicate minerals are within the range of observed compositions for the moon but on the lower end of the range with single ratios as low as 33. Bulk analysis of cut surface by pXRF (wt%): Fe/Mg = 1.5±0.1, Fe/Mn 84.2±8.8 (n=10), Fe = 4.6 wt.% (n=10).

Classification: This meteorite is a mixed but mainly feldspathic glass-rich lunar regolith breccia, rich in glass and fragments with impact melts. Mineral compositions as well as Fe/Mg and Fe/Mn ratios of minerals and bulk Fe/Mn are proof for a lunar origin of the sample.

Specimens: A total of 21.7 g and one polished section at NMBE

Data from:
  Table 0
  Line 0:
Place of purchase:Munich Show, Germany
Date:P 2017 Oct 29
Mass (g):631
Class:Lunar (feldsp. breccia)
Shock stage:S3
Weathering grade:low
Fayalite (mol%):30.5±9.7 (19.3-60.9, n=27)
Ferrosilite (mol%):27.3±10.6 (12.7-78.1, n=42)
Wollastonite (mol%):7.3±4.8 (2.6-19.9, n=42)
Classifier:T. Burri, NMBE B. Hofmann, NMBE
Type spec mass (g):21.7
Type spec location:NMBE
Main mass:Marc Jost, SJS
Comments:NMBE number: NMBE 43406, older number: SJS 1801; submitted by Beda Hofmann, NMBE Thomas Burri, NMBE
   and collections
NMBE: Natural History Museum Bern Bernastrasse 15 CH-3005 Bern Switzerland, Switzerland; Website (institutional address; updated 2 Mar 2012)
SJS: Space Jewels Switzerland, 2555 Brügg, Switzerland (private address; updated 3 Jan 2010)
References: Published in Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 108 (2020) Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 55, 1146-1150
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     This is 1 of 9746 approved meteorites from (Northwest Africa) (plus 1855 unapproved names)

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