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Basic information Name: Punggur
     This is an OFFICIAL meteorite name.
Abbreviation: There is no official abbreviation for this meteorite.
Observed fall: Yes, confirmed fall
Year fell: 2021
Country: Indonesia
Mass:help 6.6 kg
Meteoritical Bulletin:  MB 110  (2022)  H7-melt breccia
Recommended:  H7-melt breccia    [explanation]

This is the only approved meteorite classified as H7-melt breccia.
Search for other: H chondrites, H chondrites (type 4-7), Melted chondrites, Ordinary chondrites, and Ordinary chondrites (type 4-7)
Comments: Approved 23 Apr 2021
Writeup from MB 110:

Punggur        5°00’22.4"S, 105°16’11.9"E

Lampung, Indonesia

Confirmed fall: 28 Jan 2021

Classification: H7-melt breccia

History: (Roberto Vargas, Mark Lyon, Elang Erlangga) At 9:53 pm local time (14:53 UTC) on 28 January 2021, residents in southern Sumatra heard loud booms that shook their houses. The sonic boom was registered by the Indonesia Tsunami Early Warning System (InaTEWS). Eyewitnesses report the bolide was traveling in a W/NW direction. A 2.2 kg stone crashed through the roof of a house in the Punggur district (Kecamatan Punggur), Central Lampung, Sumatra at 5°00’22.4"S 105°16’11.9"E. The stone embedded itself in the soil beside the house. Residents of the village submerged this mass in water, believing the water to have healing properties. That same night in neighboring Gunung Sugih village (5°0’35.1518"S 105°13’13.9019"E) a woman found a ~50 g specimen that reportedly bounced off of a nearby roof. The following morning three additional masses were found: a 138 g mass that crashed through a roof and landed on a bed (4°59’46.6"S 105°14’47.6"E); a ~1700 g mass in a flooded hole in a rice paddy (4°59’56.2254"S 105°15’23.3518"E); and, a 2511 g mass was recovered from a rice paddy (4°59’50.3722"S 105°15’13.7405"E). Pieces from the ~1700 g mass were used for the classification. Further fall information and photos are found at karmaka.de.

Physical characteristics: Five stones were recovered - 2511 g, 2200 g (the first stone), ~1700 g, 138 g, and 50 g. The stones are angular to blocky, exhibit a few shallow regmaglypts, and covered with thick matte to shiny fusion crust.

Petrography: (L. Garvie, ASU) Based on an 8 × 7 cm slice and 1.6 × 1.4 cm probe mount. The interior of a fresh cut stone shows a visually appealing panorama dominated by a light-grey, crystalline, matrix hosting clasts with abundant small metal grains and separated by anastomosing network of mm- to cm-sized metal and coarse-grained silicates. Most silicates are clear and transparent. The 8 × 7 cm slice has 15 areal% metal+sulfide. Breccia clast: The largest breccia clast (3 × 2 cm) is rounded and contains a uniform scattering of anhedral metal (grain sizes 50 to 750 μm) and subordinate troilite (to 300 microns), and 7.1 areal% metal and 3.6 areal% troilite. Kamacite and troilite grains are single crystal and lack shock features. Feldspar is anhedral and to 300 μm across. Olivine (often containing scattered 1-to-5-micron-sized spheres of metal and sulfide), and pyroxene to 0.5 mm. Metal grains dominated by single crystal kamacite, some with taenite rims and lath martensite cores. Minor chromite to 300 μm. Rare Ca-Na-Mg phosphate to 150 microns. One 10-μm-sized native Cu grain. Interbreccia material: Coarse-grained, with olivine to 1 mm, pyroxene to 0.75 mm. Feldspar to 0.5 mm, but larger interconnected masses to several mm occur. The feldspar poikilitically encloses rounded pyroxene and olivine chadacrysts. Metal anhedral, mm and occasionally to 2 cm in length, sinuous with scalloped outlines. Single-crystal kamacite dominates with subordinate taenite.

Geochemistry: Olivine, Fa19.9±0.3, FeO/MnO=40.0±2.3 (n=18); low Ca pyroxene Fs17.3±0.1Wo2.5±0.4 (Fs1.3-7.0), FeO/MnO=23.5±1.2 (n=11); high Ca pyroxene Fs7.5Wo43.1 (n=1); Feldspar - limited data suggests two compositional populations, Ab83.6±0.6An9.6±0.8 (n=4) and Ab77.0±0.6An20.1±0.7 (n=2); kamacite Ni 6.7±0.2 wt%, Co 0.5±0.05 wt% (n=8) ; and taenite with 23 to 35 wt% Ni (n=8).

Classification: H7-melt breccia. The Fa, Fs, and Co concentration in kamacite are consistent with an H chondrite. The rock is coarse grained, but lacks a clear igneous texture, and the lack of relict chondrules and Wo content of orthopyroxene indicate a type 7.. The brecciated nature and extensive metal veining are consistent with a melt breccia. The absence of Neuman bands in the kamacite, and single-crystal troilite lacking shock lamellae is indicative of a low meteorite with low shock. W0.

Specimens: Mark Lyon, Roberto Vargas, and Norman Lebron Jr acquired the ~1700 g and 2511 g main masses. The 2200 g and 138 g stones with Jay Piatek. ASU, 21 g.

Data from:
  Table 0
  Line 0:
Date:28 Jan 2021
Mass (g):6599
Class:H7-melt breccia
Shock stage:low
Weathering grade:W0
Fayalite (mol%):19.9±0.3
Ferrosilite (mol%):17.3±0.1
Wollastonite (mol%):2.5±0.4
Classifier:L. Garvie, ASU
Type spec mass (g):21
Type spec location:ASU
Main mass:Mark Lyon, Roberto Vargas, Norman Lebron Jr, and Jay Piatek
Comments:Submitted by L. Garvie
   and collections
ASU: Center for Meteorite Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-1404, United States; Website (institutional address; updated 14 Jan 2012)
References: Published in Gattacceca J., McCubbin F.M., Grossman J., Bouvier A., Chabot N.L., D'Orazio M., Goodrich C., Greshake A., Gross J., Komatsu M., Miao B., and Schrader D. (2022) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 110. Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 1-4
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Photos uploaded by members of the Encyclopedia of Meteorites.
    (Caution, these are of unknown reliability)
Cute child   
Dirk Hohmann   
Elang Erlangga   
Guchen Chen      
Public domain photographs:
Laurence Garvie            

     Recommended::   (5° 0' 22"S, 105° 16' 12"E)

     This is the only approved meteorite from Lampung, Indonesia
     This is 1 of 21 approved meteorites from Indonesia (plus 2 unapproved names)
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