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Northeast Africa 049
Basic information Name: Northeast Africa 049
     This is an OFFICIAL meteorite name.
Abbreviation: NEA 049
Observed fall: No
Year found: 2021
Country: Sudan
Mass:help 22.5 kg
Meteoritical Bulletin:  MB 112  (2024)  Diogenite-olivine
Recommended:  Diogenite-olivine    [explanation]

This is 1 of 25 approved meteorites classified as Diogenite-olivine.   [show all]
Search for other: Achondrites, Diogenites, and HED achondrites
Comments: Approved 13 Nov 2023
Writeup from MB 112:

Northeast Africa 049 (NEA 049)


Find: 2021

Classification: HED achondrite (Diogenite, olivine)

History: Cascadia received 6 pieces totaling 112.3 g from Mustapha Oulkouch with images of the uncut 22.5 kg stone. Mr. Oulkouch was told that the stone was found in 2021 in Sudan.

Physical characteristics: Physical Characteristics: None of the pieces received by Cascadia show any evidence for a fusion crust. All of the pieces are mostly composed of a light-yellow-orange-colored matrix containing a sparse mixture of light gray and black clasts/grains.

Petrography: (M. Hutson, A. Ruzicka, Cascadia): A coarse-grained, heavily-fractured olivine-orthopyroxenite (referred to as clast) comprises slightly less than one-third of the thin section. Coarse-grained orthopyroxene (up to 7.5 mm long) poikilitically encloses small (mostly < 50 microns across), rounded olivine grains and subangular to subrounded chromite grains (~200 microns across). Abundant very small (typically <5 μm across) troilite and metal grains are found within both orthopyroxene and chromite grains. Most of the thin section consists of a fine-grained (ranging from < 10 to 400 μm, typically around 40-50 μm) clastic matrix. Approximately 87% of the matrix grains are orthopyroxene, 10% are olivine, 3% are chromite, and metal and troilite (found as inclusions in orthopyroxene and chromite) make up <1%. Matrix olivine grains form clusters strung out to form bands across the section. Yellow staining and pits are associated with these olivine-rich bands. No plagioclase feldspar, high-Ca pyroxene, silica polymorph, phosphate, or typical weathering products such as carbonate or sulfate was observed in either the clast or matrix.

Geochemistry: Orthopyroxene and olivine compositions are essentially the same for both clast and matrix and lie along the trend described for equilibrium assemblages of olivine and orthopyroxene described by Beck and McSween (2010). Low-Ca pyroxene (clast: Fs24.1±0.4Wo1.6±0.0, range Fs23.5-24.6Wo1.6-1.6, FeO/MnO=27.8±0.9, N=8; matrix: Fs23.4±0.7Wo1.5±0.2, range Fs22.3-25.7Wo1.3-2.4, FeO/MnO=28.9±0.6, N=28). Olivine (clast: Fa28.1±0.8, range Fa27.1-29.0, FeO/MnO=45.4±2.6, N=9; matrix: Fa28.9±0.4, range Fa28.2-29.3, FeO/MnO=47.4±1.8, N=9). Chromite (clast: Cr/(Cr+Al)=0.8±0.0, Mg/(Mg+Fe)=0.2±0.0, N=8; matrix: Cr/(Cr+Al)=0.8±0.0, Mg/(Mg+Fe)=0.2±0.0, N=7). Metal grains are close to Ni-free (Ni~0.3 wt%, N=4).

Classification: HED achondrite (Diogenite-olivine bearing) based on mineralogy, including the presence of about 10% olivine, lack of plagioclase feldspar, and based on phase compositions, including equilibrium between olivine and orthopyroxene in both matrix and clast.

Specimens: Cascadia holds 106.3 g in five pieces, as well as a polished thin section; Mustapha Oulkouch and Ahmed Sbai hold the main mass.

Data from:
  Table 0
  Line 0:
Mass (g):22500
Fayalite (mol%):28.1 (clast), 28.9 (matrix)
Ferrosilite (mol%):24.1 (clast), 23.8 (matrix)
Wollastonite (mol%):1.6 (clast), 1.5 (matrix)
Classifier:M. Hutson and A. Ruzicka, Cascadia
Type spec mass (g):112.3
Type spec location:Cascadia
Main mass:Mustapha Oulkouch and Ahmed Sbai
Comments:Lab number CML 1688, Main mass holder number OM 020; submitted by Melinda Hutson
   and collections
Cascadia: Cascadia Meteorite Laboratory, Portland State University, Department of Geology, Room 17 Cramer Hall, 1721 SW Broadway, Portland, OR 97201, United States; Website (institutional address; updated 28 Oct 2011)
References: Published in Gattacceca J., McCubbin F. M., Grossman J. N., Schrader D. L., Cartier C., Consolmagno G., Goodrich C., Greshake A., Gross J., Joy K. H., Miao B. and Zhang B. (2024) The Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 112. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 59, 1820–1823. ?
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     This is 1 of 12 approved meteorites from Sudan (plus 1 unapproved name)

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