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Wadi El Gamal
Basic information Name: Wadi El Gamal
     This is an OFFICIAL meteorite name.
Abbreviation: There is no official abbreviation for this meteorite.
Observed fall: No
Year found: 1974
Country: Egypt
Mass:help 98 g
Meteoritical Bulletin:  MB 108  (2020)  Iron, IIIAB
Recommended:  Iron, IIIAB    [explanation]

This is 1 of 328 approved meteorites classified as Iron, IIIAB.   [show all]
Search for other: IIIAB irons, Iron meteorites, and Metal-rich meteorites
Comments: Approved 3 Sep 2019
Writeup from MB 108:

Wadi El Gamal


Purchased: 1974

Classification: Iron meteorite (IIIAB)

History: Qarabawi’s Camel Charm was acquired from Abdullah Qarabawi of the Ababda tribe of eastern Egypt and donated to the Smithsonian Institution in 1974 by the Geological Society of Egypt. Although the location of the meteorite find is not known, it was found by the Ababda tribe. Wadi El Gamal, translated as the Valley of the Camel, is the name of a 7000 km2 national park, which can be found on the edge of the Red Sea, within the traditional homelands of the Ababda. A heritage center opened in this park in 2006 dedicated to preserving the heritage of the Ababda. 

Physical characteristics: The charm consists of an ~6.5 cm flattened disk (thickness 5 mm) with the Arabic inscription "Allahu Akbar", which translates as "God is Greatest." Attached to the charm are four links, also made of meteoritic material.   

Petrography: Non-destructive analyses of the disk and metallographic examination of the distal link reveal a deformed medium octahedral pattern, confirming the meteoritic origin of the Camel Charm.   

Geochemistry: Major, minor, and trace element compositions are consistent with classification as a IIIAB iron.  Fe 91.75 wt %, Ni 7.76 wt %, P 0.09 wt %, Co 0.01; Ir (14.63 ppm, LA-ICP-MS), Ni (7.76 wt%, microprobe analyses), Ga (28.5 ppm LA-ICP-MS), and Ge (38.0 ppm LA-ICP-MS).

Classification: Iron, IIIAB

Data from:
  Table 0
  Line 0:
Date:P 1974
Mass (g):98
Class:Iron, IIIAB
Classifier:C. Corrigan, SI, and R. Mayne, TCU
Type spec mass (g):98
Type spec location:SI
Main mass:SI
Comments:Submitted by Corrigan
   and collections
SI: Department of Mineral Sciences, NHB-119, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560, United States; Website (institutional address; updated 16 Jan 2012)
TCU: Oscar E. Monnig Collection, Department of Geology, Texas Christian University, Ft. Worth, TX 76129, United States; Website (institutional address; updated 24 Feb 2012)
References: Published in Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 108 (2020) Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 55, 1146-1150
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     This is 1 of 94 approved meteorites from Egypt (plus 12 unapproved names) (plus 1 impact crater)

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