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Alais
Basic information Name: Alais
     This is an OFFICIAL meteorite name.
Abbreviation: There is no official abbreviation for this meteorite.
Observed fall: Yes
Year fell: 1806
Country: France
Mass:help 6 kg
Classification
  history:
NHM Catalogue:  5th Edition  (2000)  CI1
MetBase:  v. 7.1  (2006)  CI1
Recommended:  CI1    [explanation]

This is 1 of 9 approved meteorites classified as CI1.   [show all]
Search for other: Carbonaceous chondrites, Carbonaceous chondrites (type 1), and CI chondrites
Comments: Revised 2 Jan 2020: Added fall info, corrected coords
Writeuphelp
Writeup from MB online:
Alais
History (P.-M. PelĂ©, meteor-center.com) : On March 15, 1806, at 5.30 p.m., two detonations a few seconds apart were heard near the city of Alès. They were followed by a rumble that lasted for ten to twelve minutes. A shepherd named Eglon, who kept his flock in Bouquet and who by chance had his eyes turned to the sky on the north side, saw a luminous cloud a little before the detonations, which dissipated it. Two meteorites fell that day in Saint-Etienne-de-l'Olm and in Castenau-Valence, two villages a little less than eight km apart. Two local scientists living in Alès went to the two places to collect testimonials. In Saint-Etienne-de-l'Olm, they met a family of farmers, who had heard the detonations and rumblings. Trying to see where the noises came from, they saw a blackish mass arriving from the north, which passed over their heads and fell into a field of arable land near the village. The stone broke on impact. All people present took pieces of the meteorite; they estimated the initial mass of the meteorite fragments to be 4 kg. Then, the two scientists went to Castelnau-Valence where they met four eyewitnesses of the fall. The circumstances were the same as in Saint-Etienne-de-l'Olm: detonations, rumblings and a black mass which came from the north. The meteorite fell 25 paces from a man. It broke into three fragments on impact, which the people present shared. The mass of the stone was estimated at 2 kg.
Catalogs:
Search for specimens in the Smithsonian Institution collection (U.S.):   
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Search for this meteorite in the Natural History Museum collection (U.K.):   
    Require NHM photo
References: Never published in the Meteoritical Bulletin
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Photos:
CreditPhotos
Photos from the Encyclopedia of Meteorites:
Br. Guy Consolmagno, Vatican collection   
Don Edwards   
Erich Haiderer   
Photos uploaded by members of the Encyclopedia of Meteorites.
    (Caution, these are of unknown reliability)
Collection Vincent Jacques Photo added 19 Apr 2022
Dominik Stoeckli   
Geography:

France
Coordinates:
     Catalogue of Meteorites:   (44° 7'N, 4° 5'E)
     Recommended::   (44° 3' 25"N, 4° 11' 4"E)
Note: the NHM and recommended coordinates are 10.5 km apart

Strewnfield: Click here to view 2 members

Statistics:
     This is 1 of 5 approved meteorites from Languedoc-Roussillon, France
     This is 1 of 77 approved meteorites from France (plus 12 unapproved names) (plus 1 impact crater)
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Synonymshelp: Allais (In NHM Cat)
Valence (In NHM Cat)

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