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Dwaleni
Basic information Name: Dwaleni
     This is an OFFICIAL meteorite name.
Abbreviation: There is no official abbreviation for this meteorite.
Observed fall: Yes
Year fell: 1970
Country: Swaziland
Mass:help 3.23 kg
Classification
  history:
Meteoritical Bulletin:  MB 50  (1971)  H
NHM Catalogue:  5th Edition  (2000)  H6
MetBase:  v. 7.1  (2006)  H4-6
Recommended:  H4-6    [explanation]

This is 1 of 92 approved meteorites classified as H4-6.   [show all]
Search for other: H chondrites, H chondrites (type 4-7), Ordinary chondrites, and Ordinary chondrites (type 4-7)
Writeuphelp
Writeup from MB 50:
Warning: the following text was scanned and may contain character recognition errors. Refer to the original to be sure of accuracy.

FALL OF THE DWALENI, SWAZILAND, STONY METEORITE

Name: DWALENI

Place of fall: 6 km southeast of the village of Dwaleni, near Nhlangano, Swaziland.

27° 12'S, 31° 19'E.

Date of fall: October 12, 1970, 10:30 hours South African time.

Class and type: Stony. Olivine-bronzite chondrite. Number of individual specimens: 3

Total weight: 3.2 kg

Circumstances of fall: Explosions, variously described as eight distinct explosions, a series of crackling explosions, three explosions and a series of staccato reports, accompanied disintegration of the meteorite over southwest Swaziland. The descent of fragments was marked by a high pitched whine. All three fragments recovered are hard aerolite, similar in appearance and distinctly magnetic. They are irregular in shape but smooth surfaced with characteristic rounded indentations. Overall black-brown crusting with an irregular pattern of cracks is common to all three. The two smaller fragments were fractured and broken on impact and display disseminated sulfide. Specimen A was found buried in moist soil with its lowermost surface at a depth of 18 cm below groundlevel. Specimen B was buried to a similar depth in moist soil in a ploughed field. Specimen C was buried at an estimated depth of 15 cm in moist, pebbly soil on a boulder strewn hillside. It is estimated that 20% of Specimen C was splintered off on impact and was scattered as variously sized chips, only a few of which were recovered. All three specimens had been dug out before the sites were visited. It would appear that the directions of descent were vertical or near vertical.

Weights and dimensions: (A, B, C)

Long axis: 16.5 cm, 10.0 cm, 7.5 cm

Intermediate axis: 10.0, 5.5, 5.0

Short axis: 7.5, 4.0, 4.0

Weight: 2.37 kg, .51 kg, .35 kg

Source: An unpublished report by J. G. Urie, Geological Survey and Mines Department, Mbabane, Swaziland, "Note on the Dwaleni Meteorite Swaziland." This information was obtained through the Smithsonian Institution Center for Short-Lived Phenomena, Cambridge, Massachusetts (Event number 94-70, circulated on card number 1037, October 26, 1970).

Additional information: M. A. Reynolds and D. D. Bogard. 1971. Dwaleni - a new gas-rich chondrite (abstract). Trans. Amer. Geophysical Union EOS, 52, 269.

Catalogs:
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Search for this meteorite in the Natural History Museum collection (U.K.):   
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References: Published in Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 50, Meteoritics 6, 111-124 (1971)
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Geography:

Swaziland
Coordinates:
     Catalogue of Meteorites:   (27° 12'S, 31° 19'E)
     Recommended::   (27° 12'S, 31° 19'E)

Statistics:
     This is the only approved meteorite from Shiselweni, Swaziland
     This is the only approved meteorite from Swaziland
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Synonyms: Dwalene (In NHM Cat)

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