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Cali
Basic information Name: Cali
     This is an OFFICIAL meteorite name.
Abbreviation: There is no official abbreviation for this meteorite.
Observed fall: Yes
Year fell: 2007
Country: Colombia
Mass:help 478 g
Classification
  history:
Meteoritical Bulletin:  MB 93  (2008)  H/L4
Recommended:  H/L4    [explanation]

This is 1 of 15 approved meteorites classified as H/L4.   [show all]
Search for other: H chondrites, H chondrites (type 4-7), H/L chondrites, H/L chondrites (type 4-7), L chondrites, L chondrites (type 4-7), Ordinary chondrites, and Ordinary chondrites (type 4-7)
Comments: Approved 14 Jan 2008
Revised 4 Aug 2008: final writeup
Writeuphelp
Writeup from MB 93:

Cali                        3°24.3'N, 76°30.6'W

Santiago de Cali, Columbia

Fall: 6 July 2007, 16: 33 local time (UTC-5)

Ordinary chondrite (H/L4)

History: A bright bolide of absolute magnitude -15 ± 5 was widely seen over Colombia, but mainly over several municipalities of the Cauca Valley. Eyewitnesses reported that the fireball traveled from north to south and experienced several fragmentations along its trajectory, causing audible detonations that shattered windows in the town of Restrepo. Acoustic waves were recorded by OSSO. Ten stones were found in the southern part of Cali (Mariano Ramos, Ciudad Cordoba, Antonio Narino, and Laureano Gómez districts), seven of which had penetrated roofs of houses. Two stones (#5, 6) were found by EAC and ASAFI, and the others were purchased by MFarmer and other collectors. There have been unsubstantiated reports of additional stones being collected. Stones #1, 2, 3, 4, and 10 were collected immediately after the fall; the others were exposed to weather for days (#5, 6, 7) to weeks (#8, 9).

Physical characteristics: The known stones have the following masses: #1 = 76.6 g; #2 ˜ 33 g (not including part that was lost); #3 = 37.9 g; #4 = 111 g; #5 = 12 g; #6 = 20 g; #7 = 24.9 g; #8 = 66.7 g; #9 = 90.4 g; #10 = 5.6 g; total recovered mass ˜478 g. All specimens exhibit a fresh black fusion crust.

Petrography and Mineral compositions: (Jordi Llorca, UPC; Josép M. Trigo-Rodríguez, CSIC-IEEC; Alan Rubin, UCLA; Jeff Grossman, USGS) Olivine: Fa22.4±0.3, n = 20 [UCLA], Fa22.5, n = 93, PMDFa = 4% [USGS]. Low-Ca pyroxene: Fs12.1±5.9Wo0.79±0.81, n = 24 [UCLA], Fs15.8Wo1.3, n = 61, PMDFs = 35% [USGS]. Plagioclase: Ab82.5Or1.9, n = 6 [UCLA]. Metal is mainly present as kamacite with 0.66 wt% Co, n = 10 [UCLA]. Metallic Cu grains are common in metal-sulfide assemblages.

Classification: Ordinary chondrite (H/L4); S3, W0. Olivine and kamacite compositions are intermediate between H and L. Olivine is equilibrated, but low-Ca pyroxene is very heterogeneous. Specimens: Type specimens, 20.5 g (stone #9) SI, 2 g UCLA and 2 g CSIC (both from stone #6). Other specimens, 20 g PUJC, 132 g, MFarmer. Most of the remaining material has been sold to private collectors.

Submitted by: J. Grossman, USGS.

Data from:
  MB93
  Table 3
  Line 21:
State/Prov/County:Sanitago de Cali, Colombia
Date:6-Jul-07
Latitude:3°24.3'N
Longitude:76°30.6'W
Mass (g):>478
Pieces:Many
Class:H/L4
Type spec mass (g):24.5
Institutions
   and collections
SI: Department of Mineral Sciences, NHB-119, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560, United States; Website (institutional address; updated 16 Jan 2012)
UCLA: Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1567, United States (institutional address; updated 17 Oct 2011)
UPC: Institut de Tècniques Energètiques, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya Diagonal 647, ed. ETSEIB, 08028 Barcelona, Spain, Spain (institutional address; updated 3 May 2015)
MFarmer: Michael Farmer, P.O. Box 86059, Tucson, AZ 85754-6059, United States; Website (private address)
USGS: US Geological Survey, 954 National Center, Reston, VA 20192, United States (institutional address)
Catalogs:
Search for specimens in the Smithsonian Institution collection (U.S.):   
    Require SI photo
References: Published in Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 93, MAPS 43, 571-632 (2008)
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Photos:
CreditPhotos
Photos from the Encyclopedia of Meteorites:
Mike Farmer            
Photos uploaded by members of the Encyclopedia of Meteorites.
    (Caution, these are of unknown reliability)
Dave Johnson   
David Hardy   
Gerald Armstrong   
Robert Zdancewicz   
Woreczko Jan & Wadi   
Geography:

Colombia
Coordinates:
     Recommended::   (3° 24' 18"N, 76° 30' 36"W)

Statistics:
     This is the only approved meteorite from Valle del Cauca, Colombia
     This is 1 of 3 approved meteorites from Colombia
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