MetSoc Home            Publications            Contacts  
Search the Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Last update: 3 Jun 2023
Search for: Search type: Search limits: Display: Publication:
Text help
Starts with
Sounds like
Falls  Non-NWAs
What's new
  in the last:
Include past classifications in search
Limit to approved meteorite names
Search text:  
Allan Hills A77283
Basic information Name: Allan Hills A77283
     This is an OFFICIAL meteorite name.
Abbreviation: ALHA77283
This meteorite may also be called Allan Hills 77283 (ALH 77283) in publications.

Observed fall: No
Year found: 1977 or 1978
Country: Antarctica [Collected jointly by ANSMET (US) and NIPR (Japan)]
Mass:help 10.51 kg
Antarctic Meteorite Newsletter:  AMN 1(3)  (1978)  Iron
AMN 3(2)  (1980)  Iron-Group I or Og
AMN 7(1)  (1984)  IA
Meteoritical Bulletin:  MB 76  (1994)  IA
NHM Catalogue:  5th Edition  (2000)  IAB
MetBase:  v. 7.1  (2006)  IAB-MG
Recommended:  Iron, IAB-MG    [explanation]

This is 1 of 120 approved meteorites classified as Iron, IAB-MG.   [show all]
Search for other: IAB complex irons, Iron meteorites, and Metal-rich meteorites
Writeup from AMN 3(2):
This text was reprinted from AMN 3(2) in AMN 4(1). In some cases, it may be an updated version from the original.

Sample No.: ALHA77283

Location: Allan Hills

Field No.: Y78010305

Weight (gms): 10510.0

Meteorite Type: Iron - Group I or Og


Physical Description:

Specimen is reddish brown to brown. The B surface is flat and the remainder of the sample is semi-rounded, suggesting that this is an oriented specimen. Radial and transverse flow marks are evident across all surfaces with the exception of the B. A few rounded holes from A cm to 3 cm in diameter are present on all surfaces. Some of these depressions are filled with dark gray material. Golden-brown patches ~3 mm in diameter are distributed over the meteorite's exterior surface. Ice was preserved in some of the regmaglypts when the sample was removed from the freezer. Approximate dimensions: 15.0x12.5x6.0 cm.


Tentative Classification: Roy S. Clarke, Jr.

An area of approximately 30 cm2 of macroetched surface was examined. Kamacite band widths average approximately 1.8 mm with a length to width ratio ranging from 2 to 4. Neither Neumann bands nor ablation produced α2 were observed. Structures suggestive of shock deformation are present in the kamacite. Grain boundary taenite and comb plessite areas are abundant. The surface is dominated by an unusually large amount of uniformly distributed cohenite. The cohenite is badly shattered and plucked seriously during preparation of the slice. A large troilite-graphite inclusion is present, surrounded in turn by schreibersite and cohenite. Several schreibersite inclusions enclosed in cohenite are present in the kamacite near the troilite-graphite inclusion. Difficulty was encountered in sawing through several troilite-graphite areas. Where this happened, small black knobby protrusions were present within the carbon-rich areas. These observations suggest that these areas contain diamond. External weathering of this specimen appears to have been severe. This meteorite is a carbon-rich coarse octahedrite, a Group I or Og meteorite. It has characteristics that suggest it may be a fragment of a crater forming fall.

Data from:
  Table 2
  Line 233:
Origin or pseudonym:Main icefield
Mass (g):10510
Search for specimens in the Smithsonian Institution collection (U.S.):   
    Require SI photo
Search for this meteorite in the NIPR database (Japan):   
Search for this meteorite in the NASA/JSC database (U.S.):   
References: Published in Antarctic Meteorite Newsletter 3(2) (1980), JSC, Houston
Published in Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 76, Meteoritics 29, 100-143 (1994)
Find references in NASA ADS:
Find references in Google Scholar:

     Catalogue of Meteorites:   (76° 43'S, 159° 40'E)
     Recommended::   (76° 43'S, 159° 40'E)

     This is 1 of 43856 approved meteorites from Antarctica (plus 3802 unapproved names)
Proximity search:
Find nearby meteorites: enter search radius (km):

Direct link to this page