MetSoc Home            Publications            Contacts  
Search the Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Last update: 14 Oct 2020
Search for: Search type: Search limits: Display: Publication:
Text help
Starts with
Sounds like
Falls  Non-NWAs
What's new
  in the last:
Include past classifications in search
Limit to approved meteorite names
Search text:  
Northwest Africa 10085
Basic information Name: Northwest Africa 10085
     This is an OFFICIAL meteorite name.
Abbreviation: NWA 10085
Observed fall: No
Year found: 2013
Country: (Northwest Africa)
Mass:help 52.2 g
Meteoritical Bulletin:  MB 104  (2015)  K4
Recommended:  K4    [explanation]

This is the only approved meteorite classified as K4.
Search for other: Kakangari chondrites, Ungrouped chondrites
Comments: Approved 27 May 2015
Writeup from MB 104:

Northwest Africa 10085 (NWA 10085)

(Northwest Africa)

Purchased: Feb 2013

Classification: K4

Physical characteristics: A desert-varnished and mostly fusion-crusted stone was purchased at the Tucson Gem and Mineral Show in 2013.

Petrography: (J. Utas, UCLA) The meteorite is comprised of approximately ~60% matrix, 15-20% chondrules, and ~20% limonite. The average chondrule diameter is ~450 μm. The thin section is dominated by two large chondrules: a 2 mm PP chondrule and a 1.5 mm POP chondrule. Enstatite laths are dispersed throughout the matrix and limonite, with most laths measuring less than 200 by 30 μm. A few are as large as 400 by 50 μm. Sulfide grains ~2-10 μm in diameter are common, but few larger ones are preserved; one 300 μm sulfide grain remains. Three iron phosphide inclusions up to ~150 μm were observed; one was associated with euhedral chromite crystals ~5 to 50 μm in diameter. Many 5-10 μm grains of unoxidized kamacite and a few grains of taenite are still present in the section.

Geochemistry: Mineral compositions and geochemistry: J. Utas (UCLA) Kamacite (N=6, total 99.0%): 93.1% Fe, 6.7% Ni (5.38% to 8.73%), 0.40% Co, 0.19% Mg, 0.13% P, 0.07% Si (0.02% to 0.18%), and 0.05% Mn (just above detection limit). Ti and Cr were not observed above detection limits. Presence of trace Mg in kamacite may indicate contamination from silicate minerals; the above Si value may be slightly higher than the actual value. One taenite grain was observed, with 75.0% Fe, 24.7% Ni, 0.19% Co, 0.09% P. Ti, Cr, Si, and Mg were not detected (total 99.3%). Schreibersite (N=5, total 100.4%): 46.2% Fe, 29.3% Ni, 24.4% P, other elements not observed. Sulfide (N=7, total 98.0%): 50.5% Fe, 49.05% S, 0.31% Cr, 0.05% P (just above detection limit). Plagioclase (N=2, total 100.5%): An13.3Ab83.2Or3.6. Oxygen isotopes: (K. Ziegler, UNM) δ17O = 1.886‰, 2.674‰, 1.411‰ δ18O = 5.629‰, 6.873‰, 5.017‰, Δ17O = -1.086‰, -0.955‰, -1.238‰. Samples: 1.4, 1.5, and 1.7 mg, respectively, matrix and chondrule.

Classification: (J. Utas and A.E. Rubin, UCLA) (K4) Fa, Fs, and Wo averages plot between values obtained for Kakangari, Lea County 002, and LEW 87232. Kamacite and taenite Fe, Ni, and trace elemental abundances are also intermediate. The only differences observed between this stone and other K (type 2-3) meteorites are this stone’s petrographic grade and the apparent average grain size of matrix mineral assemblages. These differences are consistent with the stone having experienced a higher degree of thermal metamorphism than other, unequilibated, K chondrites.

Data from:
  Table 0
  Line 0:
Place of purchase:Tucson
Date:P Feb 2013
Mass (g):52.2
Shock stage:S2
Weathering grade:W5
Fayalite (mol%):2.97±0.16 (2.77-3.24, n = 14)
Ferrosilite (mol%):3.87±0.24 (3.59-4.46, n = 13)
Wollastonite (mol%):1.18±0.10 (0.92-1.29, n = 13)
Classifier:J. Utas and A.E. Rubin, UCLA, and K. Ziegler, UNM
Type spec mass (g):11.2
Type spec location:UCLA
Main mass:JUtas
Comments:[U10/NWAU458]; submitted by J. Utas
Plots: O isotopes:  
   and collections
UCLA: Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1567, United States (institutional address; updated 17 Oct 2011)
UNM: Institute of Meteoritics MSC03 2050 University of New Mexico Albuquerque NM 87131-1126 USA, United States; Website (institutional address; updated 12 Feb 2015)
JUtas: Jason Utas, United States (private address; updated 8 Jun 2010)
References: Published in Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 104, MAPS 52, 2284, Octover 2017, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/maps.12930/full
Find references in NASA ADS:
Find references in Google Scholar:

     This is 1 of 7385 approved meteorites from (Northwest Africa) (plus 1955 unapproved names)

Direct link to this page