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Basic information Name: Caroline
     This is an OFFICIAL meteorite name.
Abbreviation: There is no official abbreviation for this meteorite.
Observed fall: No
Year found: 1941
Country: Australia
Mass:help 800 g
NHM Catalogue:  5th Edition  (2000)  H5
MetBase:  v. 7.1  (2006)  H5
Recommended:  H5    [explanation]

This is 1 of 10803 approved meteorites (plus 19 unapproved names) classified as H5.   [show all]
Search for other: H chondrites, H chondrites (type 4-7), Ordinary chondrites, and Ordinary chondrites (type 4-7)
Comments: Revised 28 Sep 2019: Refined coordinates
Writeup from MB 108:
Caroline: refinement of location

The Catalogue of Meteorites listed the coordinates of the location at which the Caroline meteorite was found as 37° 59'S, 140° 59'E, which would be in the state of Victoria. Both the NHM Catalogue and the paper in which the meteorite was originally described (F.L. Stillwell, Mem. Nat. Mus. Victoria, 1941), however, state that the meteorite was found in South Australia. Stillwell’s description seems to provide the only primary information on the location, and is as follows: “The meteorite, which looks like a piece of ironstone, was picked up by Mr. S . McEachern at the site of a blackfellows' camp about four miles north of Caroline, near the half-mile stretch of the Glenelg River which is within the South Australian border not far from the mouth of the river.” While somewhat confusingly stated, it is likely that the clause beginning with “near the half-mile stretch…” is referring to the locality of Caroline, rather than the camp. The location of Caroline is given by the Property Location Browser, Government of South Australia, as 37° 54’ S, 140° 55’ °E. The exact location of the camp is likely to remain unclear, however 4 miles directly north of the locality of Caroline is approximately 37° 53’ S, 140° 55’ E. This is not a major change in location, but places the meteorite on the South Australian side of the border.

Submitted by Bill Birch, Vic
  • Grady, M. M. (2000) Catalogue of Meteorites, 5th Edition, Cambridge Univ. Press, Edinburgh, UK. (link)
   and collections
NHM: Department of Mineralogy, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, United Kingdom; Website (institutional address; updated 9 Dec 2011)
Vic: Museum Victoria, GPO Box 666E, Melbourne, Victoria 3001, Australia; Website (institutional address; updated 26 Oct 2011)
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References: Published in Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 108 (2020) Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 55, 1146-1150
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     Catalogue of Meteorites:   (37° 59'S, 140° 59'E)
     Recommended::   (37° 53'S, 140° 55'E)
Note: the NHM and recommended coordinates are 12.6 km apart

     This is 1 of 239 approved meteorites from South Australia, Australia (plus 3 unapproved names) (plus 4 impact craters)
     This is 1 of 716 approved meteorites from Australia (plus 46 unapproved names) (plus 27 impact craters)
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