Lunar Bases
and Space Activities of the 21st Century

W. W. Mendell, Editor
©1985, Lunar and Planetary Institute

Download complete volume (51 MB)


Front matter (458 K)

Prologue (127 K)

Part 1: The Symposium: Keynote Speeches (929 K)

Remarks on the Lunar Base
James M. Beggs

The Challenges and Opportunities of a New Era in Space: How Will We Respond?
G. A. Keyworth II

In Space: One World United
Walter J. Hickel

An Opportunity for Openness
Arthur Kantrowitz

Thoughts on a Lunar Base
Edward Teller

Part 2: Lunar Base Concepts (3 MB)

Lunar Bases: A Post-Apollo Evaluation
Paul D. Lowman Jr.

Evolution of Concepts for Lunar Bases
Stewart W. Johnson and Ray S. Leonard

Strategies for a Permanent Lunar Base
Michael B. Duke, Wendell W. Mendell, and Barney B. Roberts

Preliminary Design of a Permanently Manned Lunar Surface Research Base
Stephen J. Hoffman and John C. Niehoff

Merits of a Lunar Polar Base Location
James D. Burke

Nuclear Energy — Key to Lunar Development
David Buden and Joseph A. Angelo Jr.

Nuclear Powerplants for Lunar Bases
J. R. French

Part 3: Transportation Issues (3 MB)

Mission and Operations Modes for Lunar Basing
Gordon R. Woodcock

Impact of Lunar and Planetary Missions on the Space Station
G. R. Babb, H. P. Davis, P. G. Phillips, and W. R. Stump

A Moon Base/Mars Base Transportation Depot
Paul W. Keaton

Achromatic Trajectories and the Industrial-Scale Transport of Lunar Resources
T. A. Heppenheimer

A Lunar-Based Propulsion System
Sanders D. Rosenberg

Launching Rockets and Small Satellites from the Lunar Surface
K. A. Anderson, W. M. Dougherty, and D. H. Pankow

Part 4: Lunar Science (3 MB)

The Need for a Lunar Base: Answering Basic Questions About Planetary Science
G. Jeffrey Taylor

Geochemical and Petrological Sampling and Studies at the First Moon Base
Larry A. Haskin, Randy L. Korotev, David J. Lindstrom, and Marilyn M. Lindstrom

A Closer Look at Lunar Volcanism from a Base on the Moon
D. T. Vaniman, G. Heiken, and G. J. Taylor

Advanced Geologic Exploration Supported by a Lunar Base: A Traverse Across the Imbrium-Procellarum Region of the Moon
Mark J. Cintala, Paul D. Spudis, and B. Ray Hawke

Search for Volatiles and Geologic Activity from a Lunar Base
Larry Jay Friesen

Unmanned Spaceflights Needed as Scientific Preparation for a Manned Lunar Base
Don E. Wilhelms

The Next Generation Geophysical Investigation of the Moon
L. L. Hood, C. P. Sonett, and C. T. Russell

Geophysics and Lunar Resources
D. Strangway

Surface Electromagnetic Exploration Geophysics Applied to the Moon
Mark E. Ander

Part 5: Science on the Moon (4 MB)

Astronomical Interferometry on the Moon
Bernard F. Burke

A Moon-Earth Radio Interferometer
Jack O. Burns

A Very Low Frequency Radio Astronomy Observatory on the Moon
James N. Douglas and Harlan J. Smith

Lunar Based Gamma Ray Astronomy
Robert C. Haymes

Irradiation of the Moon by Galactic Cosmic Rays and Other Particles
James H. Adams Jr. and Maurice M. Shapiro

Celestial Sources of High-Energy Neutrinos as Viewed from a Lunar Observatory
Maurice M. Shapiro and Rein Silberberg

A Lunar Neutrino Detector
M. Cherry and K. Lande

Neutrino Measurements on the Moon
Albert G. Petschek

Mass Extinctions and Cosmic Collisions: A Lunar Test
Friedrich Hörz

Part 6: Lunar Construction (2.5 MB)

Lunar Base Design
Peter Land

A Surface-Assembled Superstructure Envelope System to Support Regolith Mass-Shielding for an Initial-Operational-Capability Lunar Base
Jan Kaplicky and David Nixon

Concrete for Lunar Base Construction
T. D. Lin

Concrete and Other Cement-Based Composites for Lunar Base Construction
J. Francis Young

Magma, Ceramic, and Fused Adobe Structures Generated In Situ
E. Nader Khalili

Lava Tubes: Potential Shelters for Habitats
Friedrich Hörz

Design of Lunar-Based Facilities: The Challenge of a Lunar Observatory
Stewart W. Johnson and Ray S. Leonard

Environmental Considerations and Waste Planning on the Lunar Surface
Randall Briggs and Albert Sacco Jr.

Part 7: Lunar Materials and Processes (3 MB)

Toward a Spartan Scenario for Use of Lunar Materials
Larry A. Haskin

Mining for Lunar Base Support
E. R. Podnieks and W. W. Roepke

Electrostatic Concentration of Lunar Soil Minerals
William N. Agosto

In-Situ Rock Melting Applied to Lunar Base Construction and for Exploration Drilling and Coring on the Moon
John C. Rowley and Joseph W. Neudecker

Microwave Processing of Lunar Materials: Potential Applications
Thomas T. Meek, David T. Vaniman, Franklin H. Cocks, and Robin A. Wright

Mechanical Properties of Lunar Materials Under Anhydrous, Hard Vacuum Conditions: Applications of Lunar Glass Structural Components
James D. Blacic

Guide to Using Lunar Soil and Simulants for Experimentation
J. H. Allton, C. Galindo Jr., and L. A. Watts

Fractional Distillation in a Lunar Envoronment
Donald R. Pettit

Lunar Machining
William Lewis

Part 8: Oxygen: Predude to Lunar Industrialization (3 MB)

A Parametric Analysis of Lunar Oxygen Production
Michael C. Simon

Lunar Oxygen Production from Ilmenite
Michael A. Gibson and Christian W. Knudsen

Oxygen Extraction from Lunar Materials: An Experimental Test of an Ilmenite Reduction Process
Richard J. Williams

A Carbothermal Scheme for Lunar Oxygen Production
Andrew Hall Cutler and Peter Krag

Lunar Regolith Fines: A Source of Hydrogen
James L. Carter

Hydrogen Recovery from Extraterrestrial Materials Using Microwave Energy
D. S. Tucker, D. T. Vaniman, J. L. Anderson, F. W. Clinard Jr., R. C. Feber Jr., H. M. Frost, T. T. Meek, and T. C. Wallace

Microbial Extraction of Hydrogen from Lunar Dust
David C. White and Peter Hirsch

Hydrogen and Water Desorption on the Moon: Approximate On-Line Simulations
G. E. Blanford, P. Børgesen, M. Maurette, W. Möller, and B. Monart

An Analysis of Alternate Hydrogen Sources for Lunar Manufacture
Herbert N. Friedlander

Part 9: Life and Support and Health Maintenance (3 MB)

The Evolution of CELSS for Lunar Bases
R. D. MacElroy, Harold P. Klein, and M. M. Averner

Wheat Farming in a Lunar Base
Frank B. Salisbury and Bruce G. Bugbee

Metabolic Support for a Lunar Base
R. L. Sauer

Implementing Supercritical Water Oxidation Technology in a Lunar Base Environmental Control/Life Support System
Melaine Meyer Sedej

Radiation Transport of Cosmic Ray Nuclei in Lunar Material and Radiation Doses
R. Silberberg, C. H. Tsao, J. H. Adams Jr., and John R. Letow

Aerosol Deposition Along the Respiratory Tract at Zero Gravity: A Theoretical Study
B. E. Lehnert, D. M. Smith, L. M. Holland, M. I. Tillery, and R. G. Thomas

Toward the Development of a Recombinant DNA Assay System for the Detection
of Genetic Change in Astronauts’ Cells

Susan V. Atchley, David J.-C. Chen, Gary F. Strniste, Ronald A. Walters, and Robert K. Moyzis

Flow Cytometry for Health Monitoring in Space
James H. Jett, John C. Martin, George C. Saunders, and Carleton C. Stewart

Part 10: Societal Issues (3 MB)

Dreams and Realities: The Future in Space
John Logsdon

The Budgetary Feasibility of a Lunar Base
Wallace O. Sellers and Paul W. Keaton

Lunar Stations: Prospects for International Cooperation
Philip M. Smith

Soviet Lunar Exploration: Past and Future
James E. Oberg

Legal Responses for Lunar Bases and Space Activities in the 21st Century
Amanda Lee Moore

Extraterrestrial Law and Lunar Bases: General Legal Principles and a Particular
Regime Proposal (INTERLUNE)

Christopher C. Joyner and Harrison H. Schmitt

Lunar Base: Learning to Live in Space
Ben Finney

Lessons from the Past: Toward a Long-Term Space Policy
Andrew Lawler

Historical Perspectives on the Moon Base — Cook and Australia
Eric M. Jones and Ben R. Finney

Space Poems: Close Encounters Between the Lyric Imagination and 25 Years of NASA Space Exploration
Helen Knox

Part 11: Mars (1 MB)

A Millennium ProjectMars 2000
Harrison H. Schmitt

Mars: The Next Major Goal?
Elbert A. King

Rationales for Early Human Missions to Phobos and Deimos
Brian O’Leary

The Moons of Mars: A Source of Water for Lunar Bases and LEO
Bruce M. Cordell

The Problem of Water on Mars
Steven W. Squyres

Part 12: A Vision of Lunar Settlement (1 MB)

Lunar Industrialization and SettlementBirth of Polyglobal Civilization
Krafft A. Ehricke


Epilogue: Address Given at Tricentennial Celebration, 4 July 2076 by Leonard Vincennes, Official Historian of Luna City 
Ben Bova


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Last updated
May 12, 2008